Red-breasted Merganser / Mergus serrator

Red-breasted Merganser / Mergus serrator

Red-breasted Merganser

SCI Name:  Mergus serrator
Protonym:  Mergus Serrator Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.129
Category:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rebmer
Type Locality:  Europe; restricted to Sweden by Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica, ed. 2, p. 48.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

MERGUS
(Anatidae; Ϯ Red-breasted Merganser M. serrator) L. mergus  type of waterbird, not further identified, mentioned by Pliny, Terentius Varro and the poet Horatius Flaccus  < mergere  to plunge in; "62. MERGUS.  Rostrum denticulatum, subulato-cylindricum apice adunco." (Linnaeus 1758); "Mergus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p. 129. Type, by subsequent designation (Eyton, 1838, Monogr. Anatidae, p. 76), Mergus castor Linnaeus = Mergus serrator Linnaeus." (Johnsgard in Peters 1979, I, ed. 2, 496). Linnaeus's Mergus comprised five species (M. cucullatus, M. Merganser, M. Serrator, M. Albellus, M. minutus).
Var. Mergis.
Synon. Merganser, Prister, Promergus, Serrator.
● (syn. Gavia Ϯ Great Northern Diver G. immer) "Genre de Plongeon.   Genus Mergi.  ...  LE GRAND PLONGEON . . .MERGUS MAJOR" (Brisson 1760); based on "Colymbis" of Gessner 1555, "Colymbus maximus" of Jonston 1650-1653 and other authors, and "Imber" of the Norwegians and Faeroese; "MERGVS. Taucher.  ...  Mergus stellatus. Le petit Plongeon. Gestirnte Halbente.  ...  Mergus septentrionalis. La Plongeon à gorge rouge. Lumme.  ...  Mergus glacialis. Le grand Plongeon tacheté. Hymber." (Schaeffer 1789). 
● (syn. Uria Ϯ Common Guillemot U. aalge) "XIII. Mergus  **Lomvia.   Guillemot.   le Guillemot" (Tunstall 1771 (ed. Newton 1880)).

serrator
Med. L. serrator, serratoris  sawyer  < L. serra  saw.
● "62. MERGUS.  ...  Serrator.  3. M. crista dependente, capite nigro maculis ferrugineis. Fn. svec. 114. It. gotl. 271.  Anas longirostra. Gesn. av. 133. Aldr. orn. l. 19. c. 60.  Mergus cirrhatus fuscus. Will. orn. 255. t. 64. Raj. av. 135.  Habitat in Europa.  Hujus methodus piscandi habetur in Actis Stockh. 1749. p. 190; rubro allicitur." (Linnaeus 1758) (Mergus).

Serrator
(syn. Mergus Ϯ Red-breasted Merganser M. serrator) Specific name Mergus serrator Linnaeus, 1758; "Die Linneische Gattung des Mergus heist bei Hrn Sprüngli Serrator.  Von dieser besizt er foldenge Arten: Serrator merganser.  Mergus merganser. Linn.  Tauchergans.  ...  Serrator cristatus.  Mergus serrator Linn.  Langschnabel." (Sprüngli in Storr 1784).