Red-headed Barbet / Eubucco bourcierii

Red-headed Barbet / Eubucco bourcierii

Red-headed Barbet

SCI Name:  Eubucco bourcierii
Protonym:  Micropogon Bourcierii Rev.Zool. 8 p.179
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Capitonidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rehbar1
Type Locality:  Bogota, Colombia.
Publish Year:  1845
IUCN Status:  


(Capitonidae; Ϯ Lemon-throated Barbet E. richardsoni) Gr. ευ eu  fine, beautiful; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet (see Bucco ●); "*280. Eubucco, Bp. (Capito, p. Gr.)  America m.  6.    1. CAPITO richardsoni, Gray et Mitch. Gen. B. t. 106.  ex Columbia.    2. MICROPOGON hartlaubi, Lafr. 1845. (Capito hartlaubi, Gr.) Rev. et Mag. Zool. 1849. t. 6 - Mus. Lugd. Mas et faem. ex Columbia, S.ta Fe de Bogota.    3. MICROPOGON bourcieri, Lafr. 1845. (Capito bourcieri, Gr.) Rev. et Mag. Zool. 1849. t. 4. - Mus. Lugd. ex Columb.    4. BUCCO elegans, Gm. (maynanensis, Briss. - pictus, Bodd. - Capito maynanensis, Gr.) Pl. enl. 330. - Lev. Barb. t. 34. ex Brasil.    5. BUCCO aurovirens, Cuv. (Capito aurovirens, Gr. ex Bp.) Lev. Barb. t. Suppl. E. ex Brasil.    6. CAPITO aurifrons, Vig. (Capito aurifrons, Gr.) Proc. Zool. Soc. 1832. p. 3. ex Chili." (Bonaparte 1850); "Eubucco Bonaparte, Consp. Av., 1, 1850, p. 142. Type, by subsequent designation, Capito richardsoni G. R. Gray (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 91.)" (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 27).   
Synon. Abelterus.

Claude-Marie Jules Bourcier (1797-1873) French Consul-Gen. to Ecuador 1849-1850, naturalist, collector specialising in hummingbirds (Eubucco).


Red-headed Barbet (salvini)
SCI Name: Eubucco bourcierii salvini
salvini / salvinii
Osbert Salvin (1835-1898) English ornithologist, Curator of Ornithology, Cambridge University 1874-1882, collector (syn. Accipiter erythronemius ventralis, syn. Alaemon alaudipes, syn. Amazilia violiceps, subsp. Amazona autumnalis, Antrostomus, subsp. Basileuterus rufifrons, syn. Certhidea olivacea, subsp. Chlorostilbon canivetii, subsp. Colinus virginianus, syn. Crypturellus variegatus, subsp. Cyphorhinus arada, subsp. Empidonax flavescens, subsp. Eubucco bourcierii, subsp. Eutoxeres aquila, subsp. Geospiza parvula, subsp. Habia fuscicauda, syn. Heliodoxa xanthogonys, subsp. Icterus mesomelas, subsp. Knipolegus poecilurus, subsp. Lampornis amethystinus, Mitu, subsp. Neomorphus geoffroyi, OneillornisPachyptila, subsp. Pachyramphus albogriseus (ex Pachyramphus similis Salvin, 1895), subsp. Paraclaravis mondetoura, subsp. Picumnus exilis, syn. Popelairia conversii, subsp. Sclerurus guatemalensis, subsp. Sicalis olivascens, subsp. Spindalis zena, subsp. Sporophila funereaThalassarche, syn. Tinamus major fuscipennisTumbezia, subsp. Vireo pallens).

Red-headed Barbet (anomalus)
SCI Name: Eubucco bourcierii anomalus
L. anomalus  anomalous, irregular, deviating from the rule  < Gr. ανωμαλος anōmalos  uneven, strange, inconsistent, deviant  < negative prefix αν- an- ; ομαλος omalos  even.
• "48. CALLENE ANOMALA, sp. n.   ...   This species is quite distinct in coloration from all its allies." (Shelley 1893) (Dessonornis).
• "Mr. Gould introduced to the notice of the Meeting a very singular form among the Caprimulgidæ  ...  AMBLYPTERUS ANOMALUS.  ...  Mr. J. E. Gray believes this bird to be from Demerara, or the Brazils; the specimen is in the collection at the British Museum, and so far as I am aware is unique." (Gould 1838) (Eleothreptus).
• "EUBUCCO BOURCIERI ANOMALUS, subsp. nov.  ...  Another discovery of geographic interest, as this genus has hitherto been unknown between western Panama and Colombia.  It is rather surprising to find how closely salvini of Central America and occidentalis of western Colombia resemble each other, the color characters separating them being obviously only in series.  Between them geographically comes anomalus of eastern Panama, a very different bird, more closely allied in certain respects to typical bourcieri." (Griscom 1929) (subsp. Eubucco bourcierii).
• "SCLERURUS MEXICANUS ANOMALUS, subsp. nov.  ...  This form, which usually has been referred to S. m. mexicanus in spite of the fact that a much darker subspecies, C.[sic] m. pullus Bangs, occurred in Costa Rica and Chiriqui cutting the range in two, appears to be quite distinct.  It differs from true mexicanus conspicuously" (Bangs & Barbour 1922) (syn. Sclerurus mexicanus andinus).
• "89.  Crateropus plebejus anomalus subsp. nov.  ...  These birds differ much from all other African Crateropi, and it was Alexander's intention to describe them as a new species, as shown by a manuscipt name on the labels.  If all the other forms which are now treated as subspecies of C. plebejus are forms of it, then this new form must also be one of them." (Hartert 1921) (syn. Turdoides plebejus).
• "45. Zosterops anomala n. sp.   Zosterops Z. palpebrosae Temm. similis, sed annulo periophthalmico nudo, sine plumis albis, exterius annulo ex plumis nigris circumdato; tibiis albescentibus, abdomine concoloribus." (Meyer & Wiglesworth 1896) (Zosterops).
• see anomala

Red-headed Barbet (occidentalis)
SCI Name: Eubucco bourcierii occidentalis
occidentale / occidentalis
L. occidentalis  western  < occidens, occidentis  west  < occidere  to set. This toponym was frequently given to taxa discovered in locations west of previously known populations.
● Cocal, Western Andes, Colombia (Dysithamnus).
● Jamaica; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus fuscus” of Sloane 1725, “Pelican of America” of Edwards 1747, and “Pelecanus” of Browne 1756 (Pelecanus).
● TL. Day Dawn, Western Australia; "Westralian Wedgebill" (Mathews 1912) (Psophodes).

Red-headed Barbet (bourcierii)
SCI Name: Eubucco bourcierii bourcierii
Claude-Marie Jules Bourcier (1797-1873) French Consul-Gen. to Ecuador 1849-1850, naturalist, collector specialising in hummingbirds (Eubucco).

Red-headed Barbet (aequatorialis)
SCI Name: Eubucco bourcierii aequatorialis
aequatoriale / aequatorialis
Late L. aequatorialis  equatorial  < aequator  equator  < L. aequare  to make equal  < aequus  equal. Frequently given to species with a distribution in the equatorial latitudes of Africa (e.g. subsp. Jynx ruficollis, Sheppardia), but more commonly applied to birds from Ecuador (Spanish ecuador  equator) (e.g. Momotus, Thamnistes, Xiphorhynchus).
● Erroneous TL. Guayaquil (= Panama City) (subsp. Dendroica petechia).
Erroneous TL. Guayaquil (= interior of Ecuador) (subsp. Falco sparverius).
● Erroneous TL. Ecuador (= Bahia, Brazil) (syn. Heliothryx aurita auriculata).
● Erroneous TL. Bogotá (= San Lucas, Ecuador) (subsp. Rallus limicola).

Red-headed Barbet (orientalis)
SCI Name: Eubucco bourcierii orientalis
orientale / orientalis
L. orientalis  eastern, oriental  < oriens, orientis  east.
Asia; ex “Anser moschoviticus” of Albin 1731-1738, and “Anser chinensis” of Linnaeus 1747 (syn. Anser cygnoides).
● India; ex Ardea antigone Linnaeus, 1758, “Grus orientalis” of Brisson 1760, and “Indian Crane” of Latham 1785 (syn. Antigone antigone).
 East Indies (= Seram and New Guinea); ex “Casoar des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 313 (syn. Casuarius casuarius).
● India; ex “Eastern Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Eclectus roratus).
● East Indies (= Amboina); ex “Coucou noir des Indes” (= ♂) and “Coucou tacheté des Indes” (=♀) of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● East Indies (=Java); ex “Rollier des Indes” of Brisson 1760 (Eurystomus).
● East Indies; ex “Merula indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle des Indes Orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 273, fig. 2, and “Ash-rumped Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Lalage nigra).
● India; ex “Indian Bee-eater” and “Coromandel Bee-eater” of Latham 1782-1787 (Merops).
● Asia; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus” of previous authors (syn. Pelecanus onocrotalus).
● "91. TETRAO.  ...  orientalis.  12. T. pedibus antice pilosis: abdomine gulaque atra, collari ferrugineo, cauda cuneiformi.  Tetrao orientalis. Hasselq. it. 278. n. 43.  Perdix damascena. Will. orn. 128.  Francolin. Tournef. it. I. p. 158. t. 158.  Habitat in Oriente." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pterocles).
● China; ex “Tourterelle brune de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Chinese Turtle” of Latham 1783 (Streptopelia).
● China; ex “China Owl” of Latham 1801 (syn. Strix seloputo).