Red-ruffed Fruitcrow / Pyroderus scutatus

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow / Pyroderus scutatus

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow

SCI Name:  Pyroderus scutatus
Protonym:  Coracias scutata Mus.Lever. 4 p.199
Category:  Passeriformes / Cotingidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rerfru1
Type Locality:  'native country . . . not certainly known''; southeastern Brazil accepted as type locality by Hellmayr, 1929, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser., 13, pt. 6, p. 228; here further restricted to Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro (J. T. Z.).
Author:  
Publish Year:  1792
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PYRODERUS
(Cotingidae; Ϯ Red-ruffed Fruitcrow P. scutatus) Gr. πυρ pur, πυρος puros  fire; δερα dera  neck, throat; "PYRODERUS, n.  Coracias, Lath.  Ampelis, Licht.  Coracina, Vieill.  Coronis, Gloger.   P. scutatus, (Lath.) n., Pl. col. 40.  A. sanguinicollis, Licht." (G. Gray 1840).
Synon. Coracina, Corvina.

scutata / scutatus
L. scutatus armed with a shield < scutum oblong shield.
● ex “Pic à cravate noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 863 (syn. Celeus torquatus).
● ex “Buceros scutata” of Edwards 1751, and “Tête du Calao à casque rond” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 933 (syn. Rhinoplax vigil).

SUBSPECIES

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (occidentalis)
SCI Name: Pyroderus scutatus occidentalis
occidentale / occidentalis
L. occidentalis  western  < occidens, occidentis  west  < occidere  to set. This toponym was frequently given to taxa discovered in locations west of previously known populations.
● Cocal, Western Andes, Colombia (Dysithamnus).
● Jamaica; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus fuscus” of Sloane 1725, “Pelican of America” of Edwards 1747, and “Pelecanus” of Browne 1756 (Pelecanus).
● TL. Day Dawn, Western Australia; "Westralian Wedgebill" (Mathews 1912) (Psophodes).

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (granadensis)
SCI Name: Pyroderus scutatus granadensis
granadense / granadensis
New Granada, a former republic of South America variously incorporating Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador.  The name of Granada, the last bastion of the emirs of al-Andalus, was taken to the New World by the conquistadores (cf. New Spain, the original designation of Mexico).  In early ornithology “New Granada” and “Bogotá” were used to designate species of unknown provenance presumed to be from the Spanish Main (i.e. the Spanish-held Mainland), the hinterland of north-western tropical America.

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (orenocensis)
SCI Name: Pyroderus scutatus orenocensis
orenocensis
Río Orinoco, Venezuela.

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (masoni)
SCI Name: Pyroderus scutatus masoni
masoni
● Gregory Mason (1889-1968) US anthropologist in tropical America 1926-1936 (syn. Icterus cucullatus igneus).
● Prof. Otis Tufton Mason (1838-1908) US ethnologist, anthropologist, Curator of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution (subsp. Pyroderus scutatus).

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (scutatus)
SCI Name: Pyroderus scutatus scutatus
scutata / scutatus
L. scutatus armed with a shield < scutum oblong shield.
● ex “Pic à cravate noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 863 (syn. Celeus torquatus).
● ex “Buceros scutata” of Edwards 1751, and “Tête du Calao à casque rond” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 933 (syn. Rhinoplax vigil).