Ruddy Ground Dove / Columbina talpacoti

Ruddy Ground Dove / Columbina talpacoti

Ruddy Ground Dove

SCI Name:  Columbina talpacoti
Protonym:  Columba Talpacoti LesPigeons[Knip] livr.12-13 p.22 pl.11
Category:  Columbiformes / Columbidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rugdov
Type Locality:  South America.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1810
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

COLUMBINA
(Columbidae; Picui Ground Dove C. picui strepitans) L. columbina  little dove  < dim. columba  dove; "Magnitudine passeris.   SPECIES 1. COLUMBINA STREPITANS.  ...  Corpus Merula fere duplo minus  ...  Habitat in campis Piauhy, mas foemina maior, alis Crotali horridi instar crepitans, ideoque ab incolis Cascavelha, ab Azara Picui nominata.    SPECIES 2. COLUMBINA CAMPESTRIS.  ...  Habitat gregaria in campis Bahiae, "Cabóclas" ab incolis denominata; foemina mare minor.    SPECIES 3. COLUMBINA CABOCOLO.  ...  Corpus praecedente vix maius  ...    SPECIES 4. COLUMBINA GRISEOLA.  ...  Habitat in sylviis fl. Amazonum." (von Spix 1825); "Columbina Spix, Av. Bras., 2, 1825, p. 57, 58.  Type, by subsequent designation, Columbina strepitans Spix. (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., ed. 2, 1841, p. 75)." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 104).
Synon. Chaemepelia, Columbigallina, Columbula, Eupelia, Leptopelia, Oxypelia, Pyrgitoenas, Talpacotia.
• (Columbidae; syn. Columbina † Common Ground Dove C. passerina) "COLUMBINA, Spix (1826).  Chœmepelia, Swains.  Columba, L.  Goura, (Steph.) Bonap.  "Columbi gallina, Vieill." Boie  C. passerina, (Lath.) n., Pl. enl. 243." (G. Gray 1840); "Columbina "Spix" G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 58 (not of von Spix, 1825).  Type, by original designation, C. passerina (Lath.), i.e. Columba passerina Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
• (Columbidae; syn. Claravis  Purple-winged Ground Dove C. geoffroyi) "bb) Tauben von geringer Größe; dritte Handschwinge längste; Armschwingen sehr lang.   7. Gatt. Columbina (Col. Geoffroyi, Col. cinerea etc.)." (Streubel 1842); "Columbina Streubel, 1842, in Ersch and Gruber, Allgem. Encyclopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste, sect. 3, XVII, p. 94 (not of von Spix, 1825, nor of G. Gray, 1840).  For the benefit of The Key, type here fixed by subsequent designation, Columba geoffroyi Temminck, 1811." (JAJ 2021).

columbina
L. columbina  little dove  < dim. columba  dove.

talpacote / talpacoti
Nahuatl/Aztec name Tlapalcocotli for a type of dove (tlapalli  red; cocotli  dove); "the body is fulvous and black, and the Head ash-coloured: Whence some call it Tlapalcocotli" (Ray 1678). Holloway 2003, has, “Tupi  ...  name for this bird,” but the name is not listed in Garcia 1929 (Susan Manchester, Björn Bergenholtz and Laurent Raty in litt.). The Ruddy Ground Dove has also been called Talpacoti or Talpacote Dove and Talpacoti’s Dove (Columbina).

SUBSPECIES

Ruddy Ground Dove (eluta)
SCI Name: Columbina talpacoti eluta
eluta / elutus
L. elutus washed out, insipid < eluere to wash out.

Ruddy Ground Dove (rufipennis)
SCI Name: Columbina talpacoti rufipennis
rufipenne / rufipennis
Mod. L. rufipennis  red-winged, red-feathered  < L. rufus  red, rufous;
-pennis  -winged  < penna  feather.
● ex “Roupenne” of Levaillant 1801, pll. 83-84  < French homophone roux  red; penne  large feather (syn. Onychognathus morio).

Ruddy Ground Dove (caucae)
SCI Name: Columbina talpacoti caucae
caucae
Cauca, Colombia.

Ruddy Ground Dove (talpacoti)
SCI Name: Columbina talpacoti talpacoti
talpacote / talpacoti
Nahuatl/Aztec name Tlapalcocotli for a type of dove (tlapalli  red; cocotli  dove); "the body is fulvous and black, and the Head ash-coloured: Whence some call it Tlapalcocotli" (Ray 1678). Holloway 2003, has, “Tupi  ...  name for this bird,” but the name is not listed in Garcia 1929 (Susan Manchester, Björn Bergenholtz and Laurent Raty in litt.). The Ruddy Ground Dove has also been called Talpacoti or Talpacote Dove and Talpacoti’s Dove (Columbina).