Rufous-bellied Nighthawk / Lurocalis rufiventris

Rufous-bellied Nighthawk / Lurocalis rufiventris

Rufous-bellied Nighthawk

SCI Name:  Lurocalis rufiventris
Protonym:  Lurocalis rufiventris Orn.Perou 1 p.209
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rubnig1
Type Locality:  Tambillo, Peru.
Publish Year:  1884
IUCN Status:  


(Caprimulgidae; Short-tailed Nighthawk L. semitorquatus) Gr. ουρα oura  tail (cf. λυρα lura  lyre); κολος kolos  stunted, docked; "23. Genus Lurocalis, nobis, nov. gen.  Bill depressed, broad at base and suddenly compressed to the point, which is hooked and acute; nostrils basal, aperture slightly elevated, bristles rudimental or none, mandibles somewhat dilated at base, gape ample.  Wings long, pointed, reaching to the end of the tail or beyond; first and second (usually the second) primaries longest.  Tail short, truncate.  Tarsi short, feathered in front to the toes, naked behind.  General form of head and body broad and robust.  Wings and tail without white, throat with a white angular uninterrupted semicollar.    Obs. — Of this new genus I have seen two species, both South American:  1. Lurocalis Nattererii, (Temm.,) Pl. col. 107.    2. Lurocalis semitorquatus, (Gm.,)  Podager Gouldii, Gray Gen., pl. 18." (Cassin 1851); "Lurocalis Cassin, 1851, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 5, p. 189.  Type, by subsequent designation (Hartlaub, 1852, Archiv für Naturgesch., 18 (2), p. 19), C. semitorquatus Gm., i.e. Caprimulgus semitorquatus Gmelin, 1789." (JAJ 2021).
Synon. Urocolus.

rufiventer / rufiventra / rufiventre / rufiventris
Mod. L. rufiventris  red-bellied  < L. rufus  ruddy, rufous; venter, ventris  belly.
● ex “Pepoazá vientre roxizo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 205, and “Pepoaza à ventre rougeâtre” of Vieillot 1819 (Neoxolmis).
● ex “Grignet” of Levaillant 1803, pl. 126 (syn. Parisoma subcaeruleum).
● ex “Traquet à Cul Roux” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 188, fig. 2 (syn. Saxicoloides fulicatus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche de l’île de Bourbon” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 572, fig. 3, and “Rufous-vented Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (syn. Setophaga ruticilla).
● ex “Velvet-headed Flycatcher” of Latham 1823 (Terpsiphone).