Rufous Nightjar / Antrostomus rufus

Rufous Nightjar / Antrostomus rufus

Rufous Nightjar

SCI Name:  Antrostomus rufus
Protonym:  Caprimulgus rufus TablePlanchesEnlum. p.46
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rufnig1
Type Locality:  Cayenne, ex Daubenton, pi. 735.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1783
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ANTROSTOMUS
(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ Chuck-will's-widow A. carolinensis) Gr. αντρον antron  cavern; στομα stoma, στοματος stomatos  mouth. "Son bec depuis son bout jusqu'aux coins de la bouche a un pouce sept lignes de long  ...  Les bords de la mâchoire supérieure sont garnis de longs poils noirs, tournés en-devant & roides comme des soyes  ...  Il se nourrit d'Insectes" (Brisson 1760); "Gen. 38. ANTROSTOMUS, Gould.    42. ANTROSTOMUS CAROLINENSIS, Nob. (Caprimulgus Carolinensis, Gm.) Aud. pl. 52.  Southern parts" (Bonaparte 1838); "Antrostomus Bonaparte, Geog. & Comp. List, 1838, p. 8  (Type, fixed by Gray, 1840, Caprimulgus carolinensis Gmel.)." (Cory, 1918, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. II (1), p. 131).
Var. Androstomus, Anthrostomus, Anthrostumus.
Synon. Annamornus, Setochalcis.

rufum / rufus
L. rufus  red, ruddy, rufous. In ornithology rufus, rufa and rufum cover a wide spectrum of colours from yellow, orange and brown to crimson, scarlet and purple.
● ex “Red-legg’d Partridge from Barbary” of Edwards 1743-1751 (syn. Alectoris rufa).
● ex “Crapaud-Volant” or “Tête-chêvre de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 735, and “Engoulevent roux de Cayenne” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (Antrostomus).
● ex “Batara roxo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 218 (Casiornis).
● ex “Pic roux de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 694, fig. 1, and “Rufous Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (syn. Celeus undatus).
● ex “Coucal Rufin” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 221 (syn. Centropus benghalensis).
● ex “Fournier des Buenos Ayres” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 739, “Fournier” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Rufous Bee-eater” of Latham 1782 (Furnarius).
● ex “Gobe-mouche roux de Cayenne” (= ♀) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 453, fig. 1 (Pachyramphus).
● ex “Merle roux de Cayenne” (= ♀) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 644, fig. 1 (syn. Percnostola rufifrons).
● “I cannot see the slightest advantage to be gained by rejecting Bechstein’s name for the Chiffchaff on the ground that Boddaert’s Sylvia rufa may be the Whitethroat. It is obvious that Boddaert intended to designate a bird other than the Whitethroat by this name; and under no circumstances can the name of Phylloscopus rufa, Bechst., be confounded with any other bird than the one to which he applied it” (Seebohm 1881); “Bechstein’s name, used by both Seebohm and Saunders, and also in the 1st edition [1883] of the List, really dates from his Gem. naturg. Deutsch. iv. 1795, p. 682, and is not an original description, but is founded on Gmelin’s Motacilla rufa. This is not a Phylloscopus, and the name cannot be used for the Chiffchaff” (BOU 1915) (syn. Phylloscopus collybita).
● ex “Caracterizado cañela corona de pizarra” (= ♀) of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 208 (Platypsaris).
● ex “Courly brun de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776 (syn. Plegadis falcinellus).
● ex “Ruff-necked Humming-bird” of Latham 1782, and “Ruffed Honey-sucker” of Pennant 1785 (Selasphorus).
● ex “Tangaroux de Cayenne” (= ♀) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 711 (Tachyphonus).
● "95. TURDUS.  ...  rufus.  6. T. ferrugineus subtus dilutior maculatus, remigibus unicoloribus, cauda rotundata.  Turdus ruffus [sic]. Catesb. car. I. p. 28. t. 28.  Habitat in America septentrionali & meridionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Toxostoma).
● ex “Yellow-belly’d Green Cuckow” of Edwards 1758, “Couroucou à queue rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 736, and “Rufous Curucui” of Latham 1782 (Trogon).

SUBSPECIES

Rufous Nightjar (South American)
SCI Name: Antrostomus rufus [rufus Group]
ANTROSTOMUS
(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ Chuck-will's-widow A. carolinensis) Gr. αντρον antron  cavern; στομα stoma, στοματος stomatos  mouth. "Son bec depuis son bout jusqu'aux coins de la bouche a un pouce sept lignes de long  ...  Les bords de la mâchoire supérieure sont garnis de longs poils noirs, tournés en-devant & roides comme des soyes  ...  Il se nourrit d'Insectes" (Brisson 1760); "Gen. 38. ANTROSTOMUS, Gould.    42. ANTROSTOMUS CAROLINENSIS, Nob. (Caprimulgus Carolinensis, Gm.) Aud. pl. 52.  Southern parts" (Bonaparte 1838); "Antrostomus Bonaparte, Geog. & Comp. List, 1838, p. 8  (Type, fixed by Gray, 1840, Caprimulgus carolinensis Gmel.)." (Cory, 1918, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. II (1), p. 131).
Var. Androstomus, Anthrostomus, Anthrostumus.
Synon. Annamornus, Setochalcis.

Rufous Nightjar (St. Lucia)
SCI Name: Antrostomus rufus otiosus
otiosus
L. otiosus quiet, gentle < otium ease, peace.

Rufous Nightjar (Northern)
SCI Name: Antrostomus rufus minimus
minima / minimum / minimus
L. minimus  smallest, least  < super. parvus  small.
● ex “Cabaret” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 485, fig. 2 (syn. Acanthis cabaret).
● ex “Petit Sénégali rouge” of Vieillot 1805 (syn. Lagonosticta senegala).
● ex “Petite Becassine” of Brisson 1760 (Lymnocryptes).
● "60. TROCHILUS.  ...  minimus. 18.  T. rectricibus lateralibus margine exteriore albis, corpore fusco nitente, subtus albido.  Avis mellivora minima. Edw. av. 105. t. 105. s. infimaHabitat in America.  Avis minima inter omnes notas." (Linnaeus 1758) (Mellisuga).
● ex “Long-legged Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Xenicus longipes).