Rufous-tailed Stipplethroat / Epinecrophylla erythrura

Rufous-tailed Stipplethroat / Epinecrophylla erythrura

Rufous-tailed Stipplethroat

SCI Name:  Epinecrophylla erythrura
Protonym:  Myrmotherula erythrura Cat.BirdsBrit.Mus. 15 p.230,236 pl.15
Category:  Passeriformes / Thamnophilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rutant3
Type Locality:  Rio Napo, Ecuador.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1890
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

EPINECROPHYLLA
(Thamnophilidae; Stipple-throated Antwren E. haematonota) Gr. επι epi  on; νεκρος nekros  dead; φυλλον phullon  leaf; "Epinecrophylla M. L. Isler & Brumfield, new genus.  Type species. - Formicivora haematonota Sclater, 1857.  ...  The distinctive foraging specialization of Epinecrophylla species further supports their placement in a distinctive genus.  Etymology.—The feminine generic name is taken from the Greek epi (on), necro (dead) and phyllo (leaf), meaning "on the dead leaf," reflecting the strong predeliction of members of the genus to search for insects on dead hanging leaves.   ...   The following species  ...  are included in the genus: Epinecrophylla fulviventris  ...  Epinecrophylla gutturalis  ...  Epinecrophylla leucophthalma  ...  Epinecrophylla haematonota  ...  Epinecrophylla fjeldsaai  ...  Epinecrophylla spodionota  ...  Epinecrophylla ornata  ...  Epinecrophylla erythrura" (M. L. Isler et al. 2006); "Epinecrophylla M. L. Isler and Brumfield in M. L. Isler, Lacerda, P. Isler, Hackett, Rosenberg and Brumfield, 2006, Proc. Biological Soc. Washington, 119 (4), p. 523." (JAJ 2021).  It has recently been suggested that the birds in this genus be given the substantive name  Stipplethroat (e.g. Rufous-backed Stipplethroat E. haematonota).

ERYTHRURA
(Estrildidae; Pin-tailed Parrotfinch E. prasina) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; ουρα oura  tail; excepting E. hyperythra and E. kleinschmidti, all male parrotfinches have bright red rumps and tails; "Erythura, Sw.  Bill thick, lengthened, resembling that of Euplectes. Tail very long, acuminated.   E. viridis. Pl. Col. 96." (Swainson 1837); "Erythrura Swainson, 1837, Class. Birds, 2, p. 280 (originally misspelled Erythura, but universally emended).  Type, by monotypy, Erythrura viridis Temminck, 1835, Pl. Col., livr. 96 = Loxia prasina Sparrman." (Mayr in Peters, 1968, XIV, p. 362). 
Var. Erythura (original spelling).   
Synon. Acalanthe, Acmura, Amblynura, Chloromunia, Chlorura, Erythrina, Lobiospiza, Lobospingus, Poedela, Reichenowia, Rhamphostruthus, Trichroa.

erythrura / erythruros / erythrurus
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros red; -ουρος -ouros -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.

SUBSPECIES

Rufous-tailed Stipplethroat (erythrura)
SCI Name: Epinecrophylla erythrura erythrura
ERYTHRURA
(Estrildidae; Pin-tailed Parrotfinch E. prasina) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; ουρα oura  tail; excepting E. hyperythra and E. kleinschmidti, all male parrotfinches have bright red rumps and tails; "Erythura, Sw.  Bill thick, lengthened, resembling that of Euplectes. Tail very long, acuminated.   E. viridis. Pl. Col. 96." (Swainson 1837); "Erythrura Swainson, 1837, Class. Birds, 2, p. 280 (originally misspelled Erythura, but universally emended).  Type, by monotypy, Erythrura viridis Temminck, 1835, Pl. Col., livr. 96 = Loxia prasina Sparrman." (Mayr in Peters, 1968, XIV, p. 362). 
Var. Erythura (original spelling).   
Synon. Acalanthe, Acmura, Amblynura, Chloromunia, Chlorura, Erythrina, Lobiospiza, Lobospingus, Poedela, Reichenowia, Rhamphostruthus, Trichroa.

Rufous-tailed Stipplethroat (septentrionalis)
SCI Name: Epinecrophylla erythrura septentrionalis
septentrionale / septentrionales / septentrionalis / septentrionalium
L. septemtrionalis  northern  < septemtrio  north.
● Erroneous TL "Northern parts of America" (= Tonga Tabu); ex “Northern Shrike” of Latham 1781 (syn. Clytorhynchus vitiensis).