Scaly-breasted Kingfisher / Actenoides princeps

Scaly-breasted Kingfisher / Actenoides princeps

Scaly-breasted Kingfisher

SCI Name:  Actenoides princeps
Protonym:  Monachalcyon princeps Handb.spec.Orn. p.38 pl.
Category:  Coraciiformes / Alcedinidae /
Taxonomy Code:  scakin1
Type Locality:  Celebes.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1851
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ACTENOIDES
(Alcedinidae; Green-backed Kingfisher A. monachus) Gr. ακτις aktis, ακτινος aktinos  beam, brightness, splendour (cf. specific name Dacelo acteon Lesson, 1830 (= subsp. Halcyon leucocephala); cf. “Actenoïde variée” of Hombron & Jacquinot MS 1845); -οιδης -oidēs resembling; "Actenoides, Hombr. et Jacq. (Halcyon p. Gr.)  HALCYON ACTENOIDES, Gr. (Actenoides hombroni, Bp.) Voy. Pole Sud, Ois. t. 23. ex Oceania" (Bonaparte 1850); "ACTENOIDES Bonaparte, 1850 M — Actenoides hombroni Bonaparte, 1850; type by monotypy" (Dickinson and Remsen (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2013, 1 (Non-passerines), p. 342).
Var. Aetenoides, Actenoide, Actinoides.
Synon. Astacophilus, Caridagrus, Dacelalcyon.

princeps
L. princeps, principis  prince, chief, leader  < primus  foremost  < super. prior, prius  first; capere  to take.
● Jules Laurent Lucien, later called Charles Lucien Jules Laurent 2nd Prince of Canino and Musignano and Prince Bonaparte (1803-1857) French ornithologist, taxonomist, collector (Actenoides).
● Bismarck Range, Papua New Guinea (German prinz  prince; named after Otto Eduard Leopold Prinz von Bismarck-Schönhausen (1815-1898); the four highest peaks were named after him and his children, Marie, Herbert and Wilhelm) (Melidectes).
● "I therefore propose to name the Massachusetts bird Passerculus princeps, the large barren ground sparrow" (Maynard 1872); ex “Centronyx bairdii” of Maynard 1868 (subsp. Passerculus sandwichensis).
● Príncipe I., Gulf of Guinea (Portuguese príncipe  prince; named after Príncipe João of Portugal (1455-1495)) (Ploceus, subsp. Psittacus erithacus).

SUBSPECIES

Scaly-breasted Kingfisher (Scaly-breasted)
SCI Name: Actenoides princeps princeps/erythrorhamphus
ACTENOIDES
(Alcedinidae; Green-backed Kingfisher A. monachus) Gr. ακτις aktis, ακτινος aktinos  beam, brightness, splendour (cf. specific name Dacelo acteon Lesson, 1830 (= subsp. Halcyon leucocephala); cf. “Actenoïde variée” of Hombron & Jacquinot MS 1845); -οιδης -oidēs resembling; "Actenoides, Hombr. et Jacq. (Halcyon p. Gr.)  HALCYON ACTENOIDES, Gr. (Actenoides hombroni, Bp.) Voy. Pole Sud, Ois. t. 23. ex Oceania" (Bonaparte 1850); "ACTENOIDES Bonaparte, 1850 M — Actenoides hombroni Bonaparte, 1850; type by monotypy" (Dickinson and Remsen (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2013, 1 (Non-passerines), p. 342).
Var. Aetenoides, Actenoide, Actinoides.
Synon. Astacophilus, Caridagrus, Dacelalcyon.

Scaly-breasted Kingfisher (Plain-backed)
SCI Name: Actenoides princeps regalis
regalis
L. regalis  royal, regal  < rex, regis  king  < regere  to rule.
● TL Real del Monte, Hidalgo, Mexico  < Spanish real  royal (Buteo).
● ex “Ouira Ouassou” of de Buffon (Sonnini ed.) 1800-1802  < Tupí name Uirassú great bird, for an eagle (syn. Harpia harpyja).