Small Blue Kingfisher / Alcedo coerulescens

Small Blue Kingfisher / Alcedo coerulescens

Small Blue Kingfisher

SCI Name:  Alcedo coerulescens
Protonym:  Alcedo coerulescens Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 19 p.401
Taxonomy:  Coraciiformes / Alcedinidae /
Taxonomy Code:  smbkin1
Type Locality:  Timor, error = Java.)
Publish Year:  1818
IUCN Status:  


(Alcedinidae; Ϯ Common Kingfisher A. atthis ispida) L. alcedo, alcedinis  or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher.  The later spellings are from the false etymology of Gr. ἁλς hals  sea; "56. ALCEDO.  Rostrum trigonum, crassum, rectum, longum.  Lingua carnosa, brevissima, plana, acuta." (Linnaeus 1758); "Alcedo Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 115. Type, by subsequent designation, Alcedo ispida Linné. (Swainson, Zool. Illustr., 1, 1820-21 (1821), text to pl. 26.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 170).  Linnaeus's Alcedo comprised seven species (A. Ispida, A. erithaca, A. Alcyon, A. Todus, A. smyrnensis, A. rudis, A. Dea).  New data supports the possible creation of a new order (Alcediniformes), containing the kingfishers, motmots and todies, separate from the current Coraciiformes.
Var. Halcedo, Alaudo, Aleedo, Alucido
Synon. Alcedoides, Alcyone, Caeruleornis, Capya, Cyanispida, Euryzonia, Ispida, Kerytus, Megalcedo, Pseudalcedo.

L. alcedo, alcedinis or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher (see Alcedo).

Unattested L. caerulescens, caerulescentis  bluish (neither caerulescere nor caerulescens have been found in Classical Latin, but their existence may be inferred from caeruleus  azure-blue, by the example, among others, of rufus  red, ruddy, giving rufescere  to become reddish, and rufescens, rufescentis  reddish). 
● ex “Petit Martin-pêcheur aigue-marin” of Temminck 1807 (Alcedo).
● ex “Garza Aplomada” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 347 (syn. Ardea cocoi).
● ex "Bengali gris-bleu" of Vieillot 1805 (Estrilda).
● ex "Aplomado" of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 22 (Geranospiza).
● ex "Curucáu aplomado" of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 363 (Harpiprion).
● ex “Habia de ceja blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 81 (Saltator).