Spectacled Imperial-Pigeon / Ducula perspicillata

Spectacled Imperial-Pigeon / Ducula perspicillata

Spectacled Imperial-Pigeon

SCI Name:  Ducula perspicillata
Protonym:  Columba perspicillata Pl.Col. livr.42 pl.246
Category:  Columbiformes / Columbidae /
Taxonomy Code:  wheimp2
Type Locality:  Philippines and some islands in the Moluccas, restricted type locality, Halmahera.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1824
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

DUCULA
(Columbidae; Ϯ Mountain Imperial Pigeon D. badia insignis) Nepalese name Dukul for the imperial pigeons (cf. Hindi names Dunkul and Doomkul); "Genus or Sub-genus — DUCULA nobis. — DUKUL OF THE NIPALESE (genericé)    Character of the genus:—bill equal to the head, straight, cylindric, very feeble; both mandibles membranous for three-fourths from the gape; tip of the upper mandible gently inclined—of the lower, strongly compressed; nares broad, linear, obliquely transverse, central; their groove faint; their tect subtumid.  Wings short, not rounded, 3, 4, 5 quills sub-equal and longest; central primaries with their tips wavily truncated.  Tail 14, long, strong and square; tarsi very low, and plumed nearly to the toes laterally, less in front; toes depressed with broad flat soles; lateral fores sub-equal, hind large; nails strong, arched and acuminated; central and hind equal, lateral fores equal, less; orbits nude; plumage simple.  The above is a tedious charcater, but it is a distinct one. Those who love more summary proceedings may perhaps approve the following: "Bill and wings as in Goura; legs and feet as in Vinago."  ...  Lastly, though Ducula, like Vinago, be exclusively arboreal and fruit-eating; the latter is eminently gregarious—the former, almost a solitary.   Species new. DUCULA INSIGNIS. Great Ducula, nobis." (Hodgson 1836); "Ducula Hodgson, As. Res., 19, 1836, p. 160. Type, by monotypy, Ducula insignis Hodgson." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 42).   
Synon. Carpophaga, Carpophagella, Compsoenas, Globicera, Lamprura, Muscadivora, Muscadivores, Myriphaga, Myristicivora, Phaenorhina, Pterocolpa, Ptilocolpa, Rinopus, Serresius, Zonoenas, Zonophaps.

perspicillata / perspicillatum / perspicillatus
Mod. L. perspicillatus  spectacled  < L. perspicillum  lens, spectacle  < perspicere  to see through.
● ex “Merle de la Chine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 604, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spectacle Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Garrulax).
● ex “Clignot” or “Traquet à lunette” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spectacle Warbler” of Latham 1783 (Hymenops).
● "61. ANAS.  ...  perspicillata.  22. A. nigra, vertice nuchaque albis, macula nigra rostri pone nares.  Anas canadensis major niger. Edw. av. 155. t. 155.  Habitat in Canada." (Linnaeus 1758) (Melanitta).
● ex “Spectacle-Owl” of Latham 1787 (Pulsatrix).
● ex “Gobe-Mouche à Lunettes” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 152 (syn. Rhipidura javanica).