Spot-backed Puffbird / Nystalus maculatus

Spot-backed Puffbird / Nystalus maculatus

Spot-backed Puffbird

SCI Name:  Nystalus maculatus
Protonym:  Alcedo maculata Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.451
Category:  Galbuliformes / Bucconidae /
Taxonomy Code:  spbpuf1
Type Locality:  Brazil.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

NYSTALUS
(Bucconidae; Ϯ Spot-backed Puffbird N. maculatus) Gr. νυσταλος nustalos  drowsy  < νυσταζω nustazō  to doze; "Gen. NYSTALUS*) Nob. — Chacuru.  Capito Sws. 1837 & Strickl. 1841 (nec Temm. 1820). Nyctastes (!) Bp. 1854 & Nyctactes (!) Gray 1855 (nec Nystactes Glog. 1827).   113.—1. N. maculatus Nob.   Ispida brasiliensis naevia Briss. Orn. IV. p. 542.25. — Alcedo maculata Gm. Syst. Nat. I. p. 451. 25.  ...  Bucco somnolentus Licht. Verz. Doubl. p. 8. 34.  ...  Tamatia tamajac Less. Trait. Orn. p. 168. 7.   ...   114.—4. N. chacuru Nob.  Chacuru Azar. Apunt. Hist. Nat. Paxar. Parag. II. p. 330.261.—Hartl. Ind. Azar. p. 17.—Bucco chacuru Vieill. Nouv. Dict. III. p. 239.   ...   *) Andere Arten dieser im Schnabel unläugbar an manche Liest-Arten wie besonders an Carcineutes erinnernden Gattung, deren Namen wir von νυσταλος (= νυστακτης, schläfrig) entnehmen, sind:  2. N. striatipectus Nob.  Bucco striatipectus Scl. Proc. Z. Soc. 1853. p. 123.  ...  ?Nystactes flammulatus "Verr." Bp. Consp. Vol. Zygod. p. 13. gen. 17. 79.   ...   3. N. striolatus Nob.  Capito striolatus Natterer in Mus. Vindob. — "Bucco striolatus Natterer" v. Pelzeln Sitzungsber. Wien. Acad. Wissensch. XX. p. 500.   ...   5. N. radiatus Nob.  Bucco radiatus Scl. Proc. Z. Soc. 1853. p. 122. 1. t. 50.  ...  Capito ruficervix Bp. Consp. Vol. Zygod. p. 17. gen. 15. 71.   ...   6. N. lanceolatus Nob.  Bucco lanceolatus Deville Rev. & Mag. Z. 1849. p. 56." (Cabanis & Heine 1863); "Nystalus Cabanis and Heine, Mus. Hein., Th. 4, 1862-63 (1863), Heft 1, p. 139. Type, by subsequent designation, Alcedo maculata Gmelin. (Sclater, Monogr. Jacamars and Puff-birds, pt. 4, 1882, p. xxxv.)" (Peters 1948, VI, 13).
Synon. Ecchaunornis.

maculatum / maculatus
L. maculatus spotted, blotched < maculare to make spotted < macula spot.
● ex “Colibri à gorge verte de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 671, fig. 1, “Colibri à cravate verte” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Green-throated Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Anthracothorax viridigula).
● ex “Tachard” of Levaillant 1798, pl. 19 (syn. Buteo oreophilus, syn. Buteo trizonatus, syn. Pernis apivorus).
● ex “Spotted Curucui” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1782 (Chalcites).
● ex “Patch-necked Humming-bird” of Latham 1787 (syn. Chrysolampis mosquitus).
● ex “Petit pic d’Antigue” of Sonnerat 1776 (Dendrocopos).
● ex “Coucou tacheté de la Chine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 764 (syn. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● ex “Merle à gorge noire de St. Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 559 (?syn. Icterus cucullatus).
● ex “Hirondelle tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 1 (?Iridoprocne albiventer).
● ex “Botaurus naevius” of Brisson 1760, “Schwarzer Reiger” of Frisch et al. 1763, “Butor tacheté” or “Pouacre” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spotted Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ixobrychus minutus).
● ex “Fou tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 986 (= ☼), “Fou tacheté” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spotted Booby of Latham 1785 (syn. Morus bassanus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 453, fig. 2 (Myiodynastes).
● ex “Matuiti” of Willughby 1676, Ray 1713, and de Buffon 1770-1783, “Ispida Brasiliensis naevia” of Brisson 1760, and “Brasilian Spotted Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Nystalus).
● ex “Râle tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 775 (Pardirallus).
● ex “Ñacurutú chorreado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 44 (syn. Rhinoptynx clamator midas).
● ex “Spotted Red-shank” of Pennant 1761 (syn. Tringa erythropus).

SUBSPECIES

Spot-backed Puffbird (Spot-backed)
SCI Name: Nystalus maculatus maculatus
maculatum / maculatus
L. maculatus spotted, blotched < maculare to make spotted < macula spot.
● ex “Colibri à gorge verte de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 671, fig. 1, “Colibri à cravate verte” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Green-throated Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Anthracothorax viridigula).
● ex “Tachard” of Levaillant 1798, pl. 19 (syn. Buteo oreophilus, syn. Buteo trizonatus, syn. Pernis apivorus).
● ex “Spotted Curucui” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1782 (Chalcites).
● ex “Patch-necked Humming-bird” of Latham 1787 (syn. Chrysolampis mosquitus).
● ex “Petit pic d’Antigue” of Sonnerat 1776 (Dendrocopos).
● ex “Coucou tacheté de la Chine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 764 (syn. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● ex “Merle à gorge noire de St. Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 559 (?syn. Icterus cucullatus).
● ex “Hirondelle tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 1 (?Iridoprocne albiventer).
● ex “Botaurus naevius” of Brisson 1760, “Schwarzer Reiger” of Frisch et al. 1763, “Butor tacheté” or “Pouacre” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spotted Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ixobrychus minutus).
● ex “Fou tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 986 (= ☼), “Fou tacheté” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spotted Booby of Latham 1785 (syn. Morus bassanus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 453, fig. 2 (Myiodynastes).
● ex “Matuiti” of Willughby 1676, Ray 1713, and de Buffon 1770-1783, “Ispida Brasiliensis naevia” of Brisson 1760, and “Brasilian Spotted Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Nystalus).
● ex “Râle tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 775 (Pardirallus).
● ex “Ñacurutú chorreado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 44 (syn. Rhinoptynx clamator midas).
● ex “Spotted Red-shank” of Pennant 1761 (syn. Tringa erythropus).

Spot-backed Puffbird (Chaco)
SCI Name: Nystalus maculatus striatipectus
striatipecta / striatipectus
L. striatus  striated  < striare  to striate  < stria  furrow; pectus, pectoris  breast.