Spotted Nothura / Nothura maculosa

Spotted Nothura / Nothura maculosa

Spotted Nothura

SCI Name:  Nothura maculosa
Protonym:  Tinamus maculosus Hist.Nat.Pig.Gallin. 3 p.557,748
Category:  Tinamiformes / Tinamidae /
Taxonomy Code:  sponot1
Type Locality:  Paraguay.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1815
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

NOTHURA
(Tinamidae; Ϯ White-bellied Nothura N. boraquira) Gr. νοθος nothos  spurious; ουρα oura  tail; "GENUS NOTHURA.*  ROSTRUM habitu universali Crypturi, per totam longitudinem subarcuatum, in omnibus capite brevius, ratione longitudinis quam in Crypturis basi latius, sulco laterali maxillae latiore et profundiore, gonyde distincto, plano, per totam longitudinem aequali latitudine.  NARES laterales subbasales, ante ceroma subgibbosum sitae, patulae, oblongae.  LINGUA eadem quae Crypturorum.  FACIES plumosa, orbitae superius ciliatae.  PEDES iidem qui Crypturorum sectionis secundae, halluce longiore, mobili sed amoto.  CAUDA nulla, ejus loco ossis coccygis et crissi plumae elongatae fasciculum plumarum subconicum, pendulum formantes.  ALAE eaedem quae Crypturorum, remix prima 2, 3 et 4 omnium longissimis paulo brevior.  PTILOSIS eadem quae Crypturorum; plumae anales molles rhachi subtilissima, densae, conico-acuminatae, trunci duplicatae.   *) Nοθος nothus, spurius, ουρα cauda.  Germanice: Scheinschweif.   ...   1. N. Boraquira.  ...  2. N. major.  ...  3. N. medius.  ...  4. N. minor.  ...  5. N. nana." (Wagler 1827); "Nothura Wagler, Syst. Av., 1827, Nothura. Type, by subsequent designation, Tinamus boraquira Spix (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 63.)" (Peters 1931, I, 26).
Var. NotheraNothoura.
Synon. Tinamisornis.

maculosa / maculosus
L. maculosus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.
● ex “Patch-necked Humming-bird” of Latham 1787 (syn. Chrysolampis mosquitus).
● ex “Pic de l’Encénade” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 748, fig. 1 (syn. Dendrocopos mixtus).
● ex “Yellow-rumped Fly-catcher” of Edwards 1758, “Ficedula pensilvanica naevia” of Brisson 1760, “Figuier à tête cendrée” of de Buffon 7170-1783, and “Yellow-rumped Warbler” of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (syn. Dendroica magnolia).
● ex “Hirondelle tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 1 (unident: ?Iridoprocne albiventer).
● ex “Ynambúi” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 327 (Nothura).
● ex “Paloma cobijas manchadas” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 318 (Patagioenas).
● ex “Fauvette tachetée du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 752, fig. 2 (Prinia).

SUBSPECIES

Spotted Nothura (cearensis)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa cearensis
cearae / cearensis
Ceará, Brazil.

Spotted Nothura (major)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa major
major
L. maior, maioris  greater, larger  < comp. magnus  great, large, powerful.
● ex “Poule d’eau de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 352; “Even if [Statius Müller, 1776] ...should some day be repudiated by ornithologists on account of his carelessness and his apparent colour-blindness, then the proper name of the species would be Aramides major (Boddaert), founded on Daubenton’s plate” (Sharpe 1894) (syn. Aramides cajanea).
● ex “Grand Corbeau” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 51 (unident.;?Corvus sp.).
● ex “Crotophagus major” of Brisson 1760, “Grand bout de Petun” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 102, fig. 1, “Ani des palétuviers” of Salerne 1767, and “Greater Ani” of Latham 1781 (Crotophaga).
● 54. PICUS.  ...  major.  10. P. albo nigroque varius, ano occipiteque rubro.  Picus albo nigroque varius, rectricibus tribus lateralibus utrinque albescentibus. Fn. svec. 81.  Picus varius major. Ges. av. 708. Aldr. ornith. l. 12. c. 32. Will. orn. 94. t. 21. Raj. av. 43. Alb. av. I. p. 19. t. 19. Frisch. av. . . t. 36. f. 1.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Dendrocopos).
● ex “Grande Egrette d’Amérique” of d’Aubenton, 1765-1781, pl. 925 (syn. Egretta garzetta).
● ex “Scolopax media” of Frisch 1733-1763, “Great Snipe” of Pennant 1768, and Latham 1785 (syn. Gallinago media).
● ex “Grand Indicateur, mâle” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 241, fig. 1 (syn. Indicator indicator).
● ex “Pie-grièche Blanchot” of Levaillant 1810, pl. 285 (syn. Malaconotus blanchoti).
● ex “An other sort of Loggerhead” of Sloane 1707-1725, “Sitta” or “Picus cinereus major, rostro curvo” of Ray 1713, “Grand Sittelle à bec crochu” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Great Nuthatch” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Myiarchus validus).
● ex “Parus major” of Gessner 1555, Belon 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Fringillago”, “Great Titmouse” or “Ox Eye” of Ray 1713, and Albin 1731, and “Parus capite nigro, temporibus albis, nucha luteis” of Linnaeus 1746 (Parus).
ex “Grèbe de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 404, fig. 1, and “Grand Grèbe” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (Podiceps).
● ex “Barbican des côtes de Barbarie” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 602 (syn. Pogonornis dubius).
● ex “Grande Quiscale” of Vieillot 1819 (Quiscalus).
● ex “Tangara des grands bois de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 205 (syn. Saltator maximus).
● ex “Batara mayor” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 211 (Taraba).
● ex “Macucagua” of Marcgrave 1648, Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, “Perdix brasiliensis” of Brisson 1760, and “Magoua” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Tinamus).
● ex “Trepadore grande” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 241 (Xiphocolaptes).

Spotted Nothura (chacoensis)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa chacoensis
chacoensis
Chaco region of Paraguay and Argentina.

Spotted Nothura (paludivaga)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa paludivaga
paludivaga / paludivagus
L. paludivagus  wandering among morasses  < palus, paludis  swamp; vagus  wandering.

Spotted Nothura (maculosa)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa maculosa
maculosa / maculosus
L. maculosus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.
● ex “Patch-necked Humming-bird” of Latham 1787 (syn. Chrysolampis mosquitus).
● ex “Pic de l’Encénade” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 748, fig. 1 (syn. Dendrocopos mixtus).
● ex “Yellow-rumped Fly-catcher” of Edwards 1758, “Ficedula pensilvanica naevia” of Brisson 1760, “Figuier à tête cendrée” of de Buffon 7170-1783, and “Yellow-rumped Warbler” of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (syn. Dendroica magnolia).
● ex “Hirondelle tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 1 (unident: ?Iridoprocne albiventer).
● ex “Ynambúi” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 327 (Nothura).
● ex “Paloma cobijas manchadas” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 318 (Patagioenas).
● ex “Fauvette tachetée du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 752, fig. 2 (Prinia).

Spotted Nothura (pallida)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa pallida
pallida
L. pallidus  pallid, pale, wan, sallow  < pallere  to be pale.

Spotted Nothura (annectens)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa annectens
annectans / annectens
L. annectens, annectentis  connecting  < annectere  to connect.
“Annectans nobis.  Annectant Bhuchanga nobis.  A singular species, returning, both by its form and habits, towards the forest,-haunting [sic] birds first described, through the 3rd or Tectirostris [= Dicrurus remifer], which it very closely resembles in the form of its bill” (Hodgson 1836) (see Bhuchanga) (Dicrurus).
● “This form serves to connect Sibia Hodg., as exemplified by S. capistrata, with Yuhina but cannot be placed satisfactorily with either.” (Blyth 1847) (Heterophasia).
● "Passerella iliaca annectens, subsp. nov.  YAKUTAT FOX SPARROW.  Similar to P. i. insularis but smaller (the bill especially) and coloration slightly darker; similar to P. i. townsendi, but the brown color less castaneous" (Ridgway 1900) (subsp. Passerella unalaschcensis).

Spotted Nothura (submontana)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa submontana
submontana / submontanus
Late L. submontanus  submontane, of the foothills  < L. sub  beneath; mons, montis  mountain.
● L. sub  near to; specific name Parus montanus Conrad von Baldenstein, 1827 (syn. Poecile montanus).

Spotted Nothura (nigroguttata)
SCI Name: Nothura maculosa nigroguttata
nigroguttata
L. niger  black; guttatus  spotted  < gutta  spot, drop.