Spur-winged Lapwing / Vanellus spinosus

Spur-winged Lapwing / Vanellus spinosus

Spur-winged Lapwing

SCI Name:  Vanellus spinosus
Protonym:  Charadrius spinosus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.151
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  spwlap1
Type Locality:  Egypt.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

VANELLUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) Med. L. vanellus  lapwing  < dim. L. vannus  winnowing fan (in allusion to the broad wings and floppy flight); "Vanellus. Genus 71.  ...  **1. LE VANNEAU.  ... VANELLUS." (Brisson 1760): based on "Vanellus", "Capella", and "Caprea" of Gessner 1555, and many other authors, and Tringa Vanellus Linnaeus, 1758; "Vanellus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 94. Type, by tautonymy, Vanellus Brisson = Tringa vanellus Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 235).  The Northern Lapwing appears the most aberrant member of the genus; it has been suggested that Hoplopterus be resurrected for all the other species presently included in Vanellus.   
Var. Canellus, Cranellus.   
Synon. Acanthopteryx, Acanthropterus, Afribyx, Afrovanellus, Anitibyx, Anomalophrys, Belonopterus, Chettusia, Defilippia, Dilobus, Dorypaltus, Euhyas, Eurypterus, Gavia, Hemiparra, Hoplopterus, Limnetes, Lobibyx, Lobipluvia, Lobivanellus, Microsarcops, Nonnusia, Ptiloscelys, Rogibyx, Sarciophorus, Sarcogrammus, Stephanibyx, Titihoia, Tringa, Tylibyx, Vanellochettusia, Viator, Xiphidiopterus, Zapterus, Zonifer.

vanellus
Med. L. vanellus lapwing < dim. L. vannus winnowing fan; "78. TRINGA.  ...  Vanellus.  2. T. pedibus rubris, crista dependente, pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 148.  Capella s. Vanellus. Bell. av. 49. a. Gesn. av. 764. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 63. Will. orn. 228. t. 57. Jonst. av. 164. t. 53. 27. Raj. av. 110. Alb. av. I. p. 70. t. 74.  Habitat in Europa, Africa.  Migrat forte in Ægyptum. Ova Belgis in deliciis.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Vanellus).

spinosa / spinosus
L. spinosus  thorny  < spina  thorn.
● "82. FULICA.  ...  spinosa.  4. F. fronte carunculata, corpore variegato, humeris spinosis, digitis simplicibus, ungue postico longissimo.  Gallinula alis cornubus donatis. Edw. av. 48. t. 48.  Habitat in America australiUnguis posticus rectus, digito longior. Pollex unius articuli insistens. Remiges virides." (Linnaeus 1758) (Jacana).
● ex “Sarcelle à queue épineuse” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 967, and “Spinous-tailed Teal” of Latham 1785 (syn. Nomonyx dominicus).
● "79. CHARADRIUS.  ...  spinosus.  11. C. remigibus pectore abdomine pedibusque atris, rectricibus dimidiato-albis, humeris spinosis.  Charadrius spinosus. Hasselq. itin. 260. 270.  Habitat in Ægypto.  Humeri spinosi, ut in Fulica spinosa, singulares sunt." (Linnaeus 1758) (Vanellus).