Stork-billed Kingfisher / Pelargopsis capensis

Stork-billed Kingfisher / Pelargopsis capensis

Stork-billed Kingfisher

SCI Name:  Pelargopsis capensis
Protonym:  Alcedo capensis Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.180
Category:  Coraciiformes / Alcedinidae /
Taxonomy Code:  stbkin1
Type Locality:  Cape of Good Hope, error = Java.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PELARGOPSIS
(Alcedinidae; Ϯ Stork-billed Kingfisher P. capensis javana) Gr. πελαργος pelargos  stork; οψις opsis  appearance; "Mehrere andere würde man allenfalls Storchschnäbler (Pelargopsis) nennen können. Denn sowohl ihre, noch größeren und bedeutend stärkeren Schnäbel, die übrigens noch nirgends aufgetrieben erscheinen, wie ihre dickeren Köpfe, gleichen mehr jenen der Störche. Vielleicht, daß sie auch, gleich diesen, mehr von kleinen Wasserfröschen, Froschlarven, oder sonst von Amphibien leben, als von Fischen." (Gloger 1841); "Pelargopsis Gloger, Hand-und Hilfsb. Naturg., 1842 (1841), p. 338. Diagnosis only, no type nor included species. Species added, Cabanis and Heine, Mus. Hein., Th. 2, 1860, p. 156-157. Type, Alcedo javana Boddaert.1   ...   1 Here definitely designated for the first time." (Peters 1945, V, 186).
Synon. AlcyonHylcaon, Pelargopsioides, Ramphalcyon.

capense / capensis
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (originally named Cabo das Tormentas Cape of Storms, by the Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias in 1488, it was renamed Cabo de Boa Esperança by João II King of Portugal in 1490 to reflect the optimism engendered by his country's explorations).
● ex “Cape Wigeon” of Latham 1785 (Anas).
● ex “Petite Mésange du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Sonnerat 1782, “Petit Deuil” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Cape-Titmouse” of Latham 1783 (syn. Anthoscopus minutus).
● "113. MUSCICAPA.  ...  capensis.  16. M. fuscus, subtus alba, pectore nigro, fascia alarum rufa, rectricibus apice albis. Briss. av. 2. p. 372. t. 36. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Latera abdominis rufa. Tectrices alarum majores apice rufæ. Rectrices nigræ, apice albæ: extima latere exteriore alba." (Linnaeus 1766) (Batis).
● ex “Grand Duc” of Levaillant 1799, pl. 40 (unident.;?syn. Bubo capensis).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); "56. BUCCO.  ...  capensis.  1. B. rufus, fascia humerali fulva, pectorali nigra.  Bucco. Briss. av. 4. p. 92. t. 6. f. 2.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Cauda rotundata rectricibus 10." (Linnaeus 1766) (Bucco).
● ex “Sirli du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Certhilauda curvirostris).
● ex “Corneille du Cap” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 52 (Corvus).
● ex “Coucou du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 390, and “Cape Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Cuculus solitarius).
● "65. CERTHIA.  ...  capensis.  4. C. grisea, rectricibus nigricantibus: extima exterius albo fimbriata. Briss. av. 3. p. 618. t. 31. f. 1.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (unident.; ?syn. Cyanomitra olivacea).
● Seas off the Cape of Good Hope (“Said by sailors to be a sure presage of a near approach to that promontory” (Latham 1785)); "64. PROCELLARIA.  ...  capensis.  3. P. albo fuscoque varia. Amœn. acad. 4. p.  . . Osb. it. 76  Anas alia indica. Gesn. av. 803. t. 804. f. 2.  Peteril media maculata. Edw. av. 90. t. 90. f. 2.  Habitat ad Cap. b. Spei." (Linnaeus 1758) (Daption).
● ex “Pic à tête grise du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 786, fig. 2, and “Cape Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (syn. Dendropicos griseocephalus).
● "110. EMBERIZA.  ...  capensis.  9. E. grisea, gula albida, fascia oculari maxillarumque nigricante.  Hortulanus capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 230. t. 14. f. 4.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Emberiza).
● "109. LOXIA.  ...  capensis.  39. L. atra, uropygio tectricibusque alarum luteis.  Fringilla capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 171. t. 16. f. 1.  Habitat ad Caput b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Euplectes).
● ex “Montagnard” of Levaillant 1798, pl. 35 (syn. Falco rupicolus).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); ex “Petite perruche au Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-17781, pl. 455, fig. 1, “Perruche aux ailes bleues” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Blue-winged Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Forpus passerinus).
● Erroneous TL. Madagascar, Réunion and Cape of Good Hope (= Réunion); ex “Huppe du cap de bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 697, “Huppe noire et blanche du cap de bonne espérance” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Madagascar Hoopoe” of Latham 1782 (‡syn. Fregilupus varius).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= India); "106. STURNUS.  ...  capensis.  2. S. nigricans, capitis lateribus subtusque albus.  Sturnus capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 2. p. 446. t. 41. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei. An varietas S. contræ?  Macula alarum & uropygium alba. Rostrum basi flavescens, apice rufescens. Pedes lutei." (Linnaeus 1766) (syn. Gracupica contra).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); ex “Carouge du Cap de Bonne Espérance” (= ♀) of Brisson 1760, and “Carouge de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 343 (syn. Icterus spurius).
● "105. ALAUDA.  ...  capensis.  8. A. rectricibus tribus lateralibus apice albis, gula lutea nigro marginata, superciliis flavis.  Alauda capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 364. t. 19. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Macronyx).
● "114. MOTACILLA. ...  capensis.  24. M. fusca, subtus albida, fascia pectorali fusca, superciliis albis, rectricibus lateralibus oblique albis.  Motacilla capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 476. t. 25. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Motacilla).
● "104. COLUMBA.  ...  capensis.  39. C. macroura, cauda cuneata, remigibus primoribus latere interiore rufis.  Turtur capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 1. p. 120. t. 9. f. 2.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Corpus griseo-fuscum. Alæ macula chalybis splendentis. Maris jugulum atrum. Rostrum & Pedes rubra." (Linnaeus 1766) (Oena).
● ex “Traquet Montagnard” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 184, fig. 2 (syn. Oenanthe monticola).
● ex “Loriot Coudougnan” of Levaillant 1808, pll. 261, 262 (syn. Oriolus larvatus).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Java); ex “Martin-pescheur du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Brisson 1760 (Pelargopsis).
● ex “Jaboteur” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Phyllastrephus terrestris).
● "52. ORIOLUS.  ...  capensis.  18. O. fusco-olivaceus, subtus luteus.  Xanthornus capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 2. p. 128.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Ploceus).
● Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, Australia (syn. Podargus strigoides phalaenoides, syn. Sericornis magnirostris dubius).
● ex “Cape Partridge” of Latham 1783 (Pternistis).
● "107. TURDUS.  ...  capensis.  17. T. nigricans, abdomine subflavescente, crisso luteo.  Merula fusca cap. b. spei. Briss. av. 2. p. 259. t. 27. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Pycnonotus).
● "86. SCOPOLAX [sic].  ...  capensis.  14. S. rostro recto lineaque verticis rufescentibus, fascia pectorali nigra, linea utrinque dorsali alba.  Gallinago capitis b. spei. Briss. app. 141. t. 6.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Dorsum cinereum, nigro undulatum. Lineola albido-rufescens a rostro ad occiput. Orbitæ albæ postice in fasciam productæ. Collum antice rufum. Pectus fascia nigra, a qua fascia alba utrinque per dorsum ducta ad uropygium. Abdomen album. Pedes nigri." (Linnaeus 1766) (syn. Rostratula benghalensis).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à collier du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 572, fig. 2 (syn. Saxicola torquata).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= South Island, New Zealand) (‡Turnagra).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); ex “Bruant du Cap de Bonne-Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 386, fig. 2 (Zonotrichia).
● ex “Orange-bellied Manakin” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

SUBSPECIES

Stork-billed Kingfisher (capensis)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis capensis
capense / capensis
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (originally named Cabo das Tormentas Cape of Storms, by the Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias in 1488, it was renamed Cabo de Boa Esperança by João II King of Portugal in 1490 to reflect the optimism engendered by his country's explorations).
● ex “Cape Wigeon” of Latham 1785 (Anas).
● ex “Petite Mésange du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Sonnerat 1782, “Petit Deuil” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Cape-Titmouse” of Latham 1783 (syn. Anthoscopus minutus).
● "113. MUSCICAPA.  ...  capensis.  16. M. fuscus, subtus alba, pectore nigro, fascia alarum rufa, rectricibus apice albis. Briss. av. 2. p. 372. t. 36. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Latera abdominis rufa. Tectrices alarum majores apice rufæ. Rectrices nigræ, apice albæ: extima latere exteriore alba." (Linnaeus 1766) (Batis).
● ex “Grand Duc” of Levaillant 1799, pl. 40 (unident.;?syn. Bubo capensis).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); "56. BUCCO.  ...  capensis.  1. B. rufus, fascia humerali fulva, pectorali nigra.  Bucco. Briss. av. 4. p. 92. t. 6. f. 2.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Cauda rotundata rectricibus 10." (Linnaeus 1766) (Bucco).
● ex “Sirli du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Certhilauda curvirostris).
● ex “Corneille du Cap” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 52 (Corvus).
● ex “Coucou du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 390, and “Cape Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Cuculus solitarius).
● "65. CERTHIA.  ...  capensis.  4. C. grisea, rectricibus nigricantibus: extima exterius albo fimbriata. Briss. av. 3. p. 618. t. 31. f. 1.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (unident.; ?syn. Cyanomitra olivacea).
● Seas off the Cape of Good Hope (“Said by sailors to be a sure presage of a near approach to that promontory” (Latham 1785)); "64. PROCELLARIA.  ...  capensis.  3. P. albo fuscoque varia. Amœn. acad. 4. p.  . . Osb. it. 76  Anas alia indica. Gesn. av. 803. t. 804. f. 2.  Peteril media maculata. Edw. av. 90. t. 90. f. 2.  Habitat ad Cap. b. Spei." (Linnaeus 1758) (Daption).
● ex “Pic à tête grise du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 786, fig. 2, and “Cape Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (syn. Dendropicos griseocephalus).
● "110. EMBERIZA.  ...  capensis.  9. E. grisea, gula albida, fascia oculari maxillarumque nigricante.  Hortulanus capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 230. t. 14. f. 4.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Emberiza).
● "109. LOXIA.  ...  capensis.  39. L. atra, uropygio tectricibusque alarum luteis.  Fringilla capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 171. t. 16. f. 1.  Habitat ad Caput b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Euplectes).
● ex “Montagnard” of Levaillant 1798, pl. 35 (syn. Falco rupicolus).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); ex “Petite perruche au Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-17781, pl. 455, fig. 1, “Perruche aux ailes bleues” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Blue-winged Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Forpus passerinus).
● Erroneous TL. Madagascar, Réunion and Cape of Good Hope (= Réunion); ex “Huppe du cap de bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 697, “Huppe noire et blanche du cap de bonne espérance” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Madagascar Hoopoe” of Latham 1782 (‡syn. Fregilupus varius).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= India); "106. STURNUS.  ...  capensis.  2. S. nigricans, capitis lateribus subtusque albus.  Sturnus capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 2. p. 446. t. 41. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei. An varietas S. contræ?  Macula alarum & uropygium alba. Rostrum basi flavescens, apice rufescens. Pedes lutei." (Linnaeus 1766) (syn. Gracupica contra).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); ex “Carouge du Cap de Bonne Espérance” (= ♀) of Brisson 1760, and “Carouge de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 343 (syn. Icterus spurius).
● "105. ALAUDA.  ...  capensis.  8. A. rectricibus tribus lateralibus apice albis, gula lutea nigro marginata, superciliis flavis.  Alauda capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 364. t. 19. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Macronyx).
● "114. MOTACILLA. ...  capensis.  24. M. fusca, subtus albida, fascia pectorali fusca, superciliis albis, rectricibus lateralibus oblique albis.  Motacilla capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 3. p. 476. t. 25. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Motacilla).
● "104. COLUMBA.  ...  capensis.  39. C. macroura, cauda cuneata, remigibus primoribus latere interiore rufis.  Turtur capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 1. p. 120. t. 9. f. 2.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Corpus griseo-fuscum. Alæ macula chalybis splendentis. Maris jugulum atrum. Rostrum & Pedes rubra." (Linnaeus 1766) (Oena).
● ex “Traquet Montagnard” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 184, fig. 2 (syn. Oenanthe monticola).
● ex “Loriot Coudougnan” of Levaillant 1808, pll. 261, 262 (syn. Oriolus larvatus).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Java); ex “Martin-pescheur du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Brisson 1760 (Pelargopsis).
● ex “Jaboteur” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Phyllastrephus terrestris).
● "52. ORIOLUS.  ...  capensis.  18. O. fusco-olivaceus, subtus luteus.  Xanthornus capitis b. spei. Briss. av. 2. p. 128.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Ploceus).
● Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, Australia (syn. Podargus strigoides phalaenoides, syn. Sericornis magnirostris dubius).
● ex “Cape Partridge” of Latham 1783 (Pternistis).
● "107. TURDUS.  ...  capensis.  17. T. nigricans, abdomine subflavescente, crisso luteo.  Merula fusca cap. b. spei. Briss. av. 2. p. 259. t. 27. f. 3.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei." (Linnaeus 1766) (Pycnonotus).
● "86. SCOPOLAX [sic].  ...  capensis.  14. S. rostro recto lineaque verticis rufescentibus, fascia pectorali nigra, linea utrinque dorsali alba.  Gallinago capitis b. spei. Briss. app. 141. t. 6.  Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.  Dorsum cinereum, nigro undulatum. Lineola albido-rufescens a rostro ad occiput. Orbitæ albæ postice in fasciam productæ. Collum antice rufum. Pectus fascia nigra, a qua fascia alba utrinque per dorsum ducta ad uropygium. Abdomen album. Pedes nigri." (Linnaeus 1766) (syn. Rostratula benghalensis).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à collier du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 572, fig. 2 (syn. Saxicola torquata).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= South Island, New Zealand) (‡Turnagra).
● Erroneous TL. Cape of Good Hope (= Cayenne); ex “Bruant du Cap de Bonne-Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 386, fig. 2 (Zonotrichia).
● ex “Orange-bellied Manakin” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (burmanica)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis burmanica
burmae / burmana / burmanica / burmanicus / burmannica / burmannicus
Burma, named after the indigenous B’mar peoples (= Myanmar, a recently readopted older name for the country).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (intermedia)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis intermedia
intermedea / intermedia / intermedianus / intermedium / intermedius
L. intermedius  intermediate, that is between (cf. Late L. intermedium  intervention, between two others; Med. L. intermedium  interval).  These epithets are common in ornithology, highlighting forms considered to have intermediate plumage, size, distribution, etc.; only a few are shown below.
• “Genus Ardea.   ...   A. intermedia.  ...  Habitat in insula Java.  Simillima habitu ac colore Ardeae flavirostri, eadem dimidio fere minor.” (Wagler 1829) (Ardea).
• "73.  Coracina papuensis papuensis Gm.   ...   The birds from the Snow Mts. are exactly intermediate between C. p. papuensis from N. W. New Guinea and C. p. meekiana from S. E. New Guinea; so I propose to call the race found on the south side of the Central Range.   Coracina papuensis intermedia subsp. nov." (Rothschild 1931) (subsp. Coracina papuensis).
• "Ce tinamou présente, comme nous l'avons dit, des caractères de transition entre Calopezus elegans et Calopezus formosus.  Cette nouvelle espèce, ou peut-être race intermédiaire, qui paraît localisée dans les régions montagneuses du Nord-ouest de la République Argentine, nous la distinguerons avec le nom de:  Calopezus intermedius n. sp.   ...   Il est possible que Calopezus intermedius et Calopezus formosus représentent seulement des formes géographiques de Calopezus elegans" (Dabbene & Lillo 1913) ( subsp. Eudromia elegans).
• "Formicivora   ...   F. grisea  ...  Kommt in Brasilien, Cayenne und Guiana vor.   ...   F. rufatra  ...  Vaterland: Brasilien und Bolivien.   ...   F. intermedia.  ...  Vaterland: Columbien" (Cabanis 1847) (Formicivora).
• "Falco pondicerianus apud Horsfield is a race intermediate to Haliastur indus of India proper and H. leucosternum of Australia, having dark central streaks to the white portion of the plumage, but considerably less developed than (constantly) in the Indian bird..  ...  Of very many examples of the Indian race examined or beheld close, I certainly have never seen one that had the dark streaks or lines so little developed as in the Javanese bird, or most assuredly I should have remarked it.  To what extent the Indian and Australian races may thus grade into each other, in other intermediate localities, remains to be ascertained.  ...  Mr. Gurney informs me that he thinks the Javanese race should be distinguished by the name intermedius." (Blyth 1865) (subsp. Haliastur indus).
• "Then we have in Tenasserim, most abundant in the hills, but extending in the cold weather to the sea-board and the plains of Pegu, a race of melaschistus, which I will, for convenience sake, denominate VOLVOCIVORA  INTERMEDIA.  It is very close to melaschistus, and as such I originally identified it, but with 24 specimens before me I find that sex being ascertained no specimen of it can be mistaken for a specimen of the corresponding sex of melaschistus, but it is much the same size, and the old males are nearly as possible the same colour as the females of melaschistus.  ...  I am very doubtful whether this should be considered a subspecies or not, but it is a very distinguishable and perfectly constant race, and not one single specimen of true melaschistus has occurred to us throughout the region in which it is so abundant, and it may be best therefore to characterize it by a distinct name." (Hume 1877) (subsp. Lalage melaschistos).
• "5.  SETOPHAGA  INTERMEDIA, Nob.  ...  Espèce typique intermédiaire entre la S. vulnerata et la S. verticalis, Lafresn.  Elle diffère de la première par un bec plus grand et plus large, par la gorge cendrée, par le coloris de la queue, par la couleur de l'abdomen; la S. verticalis, Lafr. est jaune d'œuf en dessous." (Hartlaub 1852) (subsp. Myioborus miniatus).
• "3. CRYPTOLOPHA  INTERMEDIA  La Touche, sp. n.   Near C. tephrocephala (Anders.) and C. affinis (Hodgs.).  Differs from the former in having a much shorter bill, and the secondary coverts distinctly tipped with pale yellow, forming a well-marked bar; from C. affinis it differs in having a ring of feathers round the eye, yellow." (La Touche 1898) (Phylloscopus).
• “728. —  Pipreola viridis intermedia  ...  Forme intermédiaire entre la P. viridis de la Bolivie et la P. melanolæma de l’Ecuador, plus voisine de la dernière.” (Taczanowski 1884) (Pipreola).
• "Ploceus intermedius.  Sehr nahe mit meinem Ploceus larvatus verwandte Art.  Vorderkopf bis über den hintern Augenwinkel, Kehle, Oberhals und Ohrengegend schwarz, Hinterkopf und Nacken röthlich braungelb.  Mitte der Brust orangengelb, Seiten des Halses und Unterkörpers citrongelb.  Rücken gelbgrün, gegen den Schwanz hin citronengelb." (Rüppell 1845) (Ploceus).
• “This species is somewhat intermediate between Palaeornis schisticeps and P. cyanocephala in size and coloration, but is nearer P. schisticeps” (Rothschild 1895) (syn. Psittacula cyanocephala x Psittacula himalayana).
• "RHIPIDURA  INTERMEDIA, sp. nov.  ...  Dr. Sharpe's description of Rhipidura rufifrons in the "Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum," vol. iv., p. 319 (1879), evidently applies to this species, for he describes the tail feathers as being "distinctly tipped with white."  The type of Rhipidura rufifrons characterized by Dr. Latham, was obtained in New South Wales, and has the tips of the tail feathers pale brown, not white.  In the latter respect Rhipidura intermedia agrees with R. torrida, described and figured (Proc. Zool. Soc., 1865, p. 477, pl. xxviii.) by Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, from the island of Ternate, but R. torrida differs from R. intermedia in having the ear-coverts and upper breast black." (North 1902) (subsp. Rhipidura rufifrons).
• "Sp. intermedia n. sp.  ... Der [Sp.] hypoleuca im Schnabel und der ganzen Gestalt äusserst ähnlich, nur etwas kleiner, von dieser durch die nicht weisse, sondern graue Färbung der Kehle und Brust verschieden, mithin fast ganz so gefärbt wie Sp. plumbea, von welcher intermedia sich nur unterscheidet durch den grössern Schnabel und die kürzeren abgerundeteren, daher nicht so zugespitzten Flügel; auch sind Kehle und Brust etwas dunkler als in plumbea und fehlt das weisse Fleckchen an der Wurzel des Unterkiefers; der weisse Spiegel auf dem Flügel ist kleiner und versteckter" (Cabanis 1851) (Sporophila).
• "Thamnistes anabatinus intermedius subsp. nov.  ...  This form, based on but one specimen, is clearly an intermediate between T. æquatorialis of eastern Ecuador and southeastern Colombia, and the quite different T. anabatinus group of Panama to Mexico.  Its crown and back closely agree in color with those of æquatorialis while the underparts are similar to those of T. a. coronatus; the tail and wings externally are intermediate but nearer to those of coronatus." (Chapman 1914) (subsp. Thamnistes anabatinus).
• "33.  Thamnophilus intermedius, sp. nov.   SP. CHAR.—Adult male: Similar to that of T. nigricristatus LAWR., but bill larger, and feathers of crest largely white in middle portion; adult female similar to that of T. doliatus, but with larger bill." (Ridgway 1888) (subsp. Thamnophilus doliatus).
• "ZOSTEROPS  INTERMEDIA.  ...  Very near Z. flava, but a little larger, more yellow on the forehead and less on the upper tail-coverts, and the black subocular streak not extending so far forward  ...  Hab. Macassar and Lombock.   Remark.—Mr. G. R. Gray attached the MS. name of intermedius to my Macassar specimen." (Wallace 1864) (subsp. Zosterops chloris).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (osmastoni)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis osmastoni
osmastoni
Bertram Beresford Osmaston (1868-1961) British colonial administrator, Chief Conservator Central Provinces, Imperial Forestry Service, India 1888-1923 (subsp. Hemitesia pallidipes, subsp. Pelargopsis capensis, subsp. Pericrocotus cinnamomeus).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (malaccensis)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis malaccensis
malacca / malaccense / malaccensis / malacense / malacensis
Malacca, Malaysia. Melaka or Malaka are Malay names for a type of tree abundant in the region.
● ex “Grimpereau de Malacca” of Sonnerat 1782 (Anthreptes).
● ex “Crabier de Malac” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 911, “Crabier blanc et brun” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Malacca Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ardeola speciosa).
● ex “Pic de Malacca” of Sonnerat 1782 (subsp. Chrysophlegma miniaceum).
● ex “Petite Tourterelle de Quéda” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Malacca Turtle” of Latham 1783 (syn. Geopelia striata).
● Erroneous TL. China, Java and Malacca (= India); ex “Chinese Sparrow” of Albin 1738, “Gros-bec de Java” of Brisson 1760, and “White-breasted Indian Sparrow” of Edwards 1764 (Lonchura).
● ex “Brève de Malacca” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Pitta brachyura).
● ex “Petit Paon de Malacca” of Sonnerat 1782 (Polyplectron).
● ex “Perruche de Malac” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 887, “Grand perruche à longs brins” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Malacca Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Psittacula longicauda).
● ex “Petite Perruche de Malacca” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Blue-rumped Parrakeet” of Latham 1787 (syn. Psittinus cyanurus).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (cyanopteryx)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis cyanopteryx
cyanopteryx
Gr. κυανοπτερυξ kuanopterux, κυανοπτερυγος kuanopterugos  blue-winged, dark-winged  < κυανος kuanos  dark-blue; πτερυξ pterux, πτερυγος pterugos  wing.

Stork-billed Kingfisher (simalurensis)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis simalurensis
simalurense / simalurensis
Simalur I., Barussan Is., off Sumatra, Indonesia.

Stork-billed Kingfisher (sodalis)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis sodalis
sodalis
L. sodalis  comrade, companion, associate.
● "Aquila sodalis was a considerably smaller eagle than A. pliogryps, though not much smaller than A. chrysaëtos." (Shufeldt 1891) (Buteogallus).
● "Differs in early nuptial plumage from Vermivora superciliosa mexicana (Bonaparte) of eastern Mexico, by having pileum, auriculars and side of neck paler gray; patch on back brighter (more yellowish-green); abdomen averaging whiter; size slightly smaller" (R. Moore 1941) (subsp Oreothlypis superciliosa).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (nesoeca)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis nesoeca
nesoeca
Gr. νησος nēsos  island; οικος oikos  dwelling  < οικεω oikeō  to inhabit.

Stork-billed Kingfisher (isoptera)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis isoptera
isoptera
Gr. ισος isos  equal, similar; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.

Stork-billed Kingfisher (innominata)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis innominata
innominata / innominatus
L. innominatus  un-named  < in-  not; nominatus  noted  < nominare  to name  < nomen, nominis  name.

Stork-billed Kingfisher (floresiana)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis floresiana
floresiana / floresianus
Flores, Indonesia.

Stork-billed Kingfisher (javana)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis javana
javaensis / javana / javanense / javanensis / javanica
Java, Dutch East Indies / Indonesia.  The origins of the island name (Jawa in Indonesian) are obscure  ?< Malay Jewa  millet  < Sanskrit Yava  barley.
● ex “Javan Partridge” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1783 (Arborophila).
● ex “Martin-Pêcheur de Java” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 757 (subsp. Pelargopsis capensis).
● Erroneous TL. Java (= Australia); ex “Tourterelle de Java” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 177, “Turvert” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Javan Turtle” of Latham 1783 (syn. Chalcophaps chrysochlora).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (gouldi)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis gouldi
gouldi
John Gould (1804-1881) English publisher, entrepreneur, naturalist, artist (syn. Acanthornis magna, subsp. Acrocephalus australis, syn. Anthus similis, subsp. Circus approximans, syn. Colinus cristatus, syn. Dendrocopos major cabanisi, syn. Dendrocygna arcuata australisEuphonia, syn. Falcunculus frontatus, syn. Harpactes oreskios, syn. Hirundo neoxena (ex Hirundo frontalis Gould, 1837), syn. Ixobrychus flavicollis australis, syn. Lalage leucomela rufiventris, syn. Malurus cyaneus, syn. Motacilla flava, syn. Myiagra ruficollis mimikae, syn. Ochetorhynchus phoenicurus, syn. Pachyptila vittata, syn. Pandion haliaetus cristatus, subsp. Pelargopsis capensis, syn. Phalacrocorax fuscescens, syn. Podargus strigoides phalaenoidesPterodroma, syn. Ramsayornis fasciatus (ex Glyciphila fasciata Gould, 1843), syn. Semioptera wallacii halmaherae, syn. Sternula albifrons, Tangara desmaresti x Tangara cyanoventris hybrid, syn. Tribonyx mortierii, syn. Zosterops lateralis chloronotus) (see gouldii).

Stork-billed Kingfisher (gigantea)
SCI Name: Pelargopsis capensis gigantea
gigantea / giganteus
L. giganteus  gigantic, of the giants  < gigas, gigantis  giant  < Gr. γιγας gigas, γιγαντος gigantos  giant.
● ex “Coucal Géant” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 223 (syn. Centropus phasianinus).
● ex “Touraco Géant” of Levaillant 1806 (syn. Corythaeola cristata).
● ex Grus leucogeranus Pallas, 1773, and “Sibirian Crane” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (syn. Grus leucogeranus).
● ex “Gigantic Crane” of Latham 1785 (syn. Leptoptilos dubius).
● ex “Ossifraga” of de Ulloa 1748, “Quebrantahuessos Mouton” of Pernety 1769, “Quebrantahuessos” of de Buffon 1770-1783, de Bougainville 1771, Cook 1777, and Forster 1777, “Osprey Petrel” of Forster 1778, and “Giant Petrel” of Latham 1785 (Macronectes).