Streaked Saltator / Saltator striatipectus

Streaked Saltator / Saltator striatipectus

Streaked Saltator

SCI Name:  Saltator striatipectus
Protonym:  Saltator striatipictus Rev.Zool. 10 p.73
Category:  Passeriformes / Thraupidae /
Taxonomy Code:  strsal1
Type Locality:  Cali, Valle de Cauca, Colombia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1847
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

SALTATOR
(Thraupidae; Ϯ Buff-throated Saltator S. maximus) L. saltator, saltatoris  dancer  < saltare  to dance (cf. Tupí name Tangara  dancer, one who turns and skips, for the manakins and various colourful finch-like birds (see Tangara)); "66. HABIA, de Azara. Saltator. Tanagra, Lin. Gm. Lath.  Bec épais à la base, court, robuste, convexe en dessus, un peu comprimé par les côtés, échancré vers le bout; mandibule supérieure un peu fléchie en arc et couvrant les bords de l'inférieure.   Esp. Grand Tangara, Buff." (Vieillot 1816) ; "Saltator Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 32. Type, by monotypy, "Grand Tanagra" Buffon = Tanagra maxima Müller." (Paynter in Peters 1970, XIII, 228). The saltators and their allies have also been placed with the finches Fringillidae, and the cardinals Cardinalidae, or treated as a separate family Saltatoridae.
Var. Salator, SallatorSattator, Staltator.
Synon. Cissurus, Pitylus, PyrorhamphusSaltatricula, Stelgidostomus.

saltator
L. saltator, saltatoris  dancer  < saltare  to dance  < salire  to jump.
● ex "Le Pavaneur" of Levaillant 1801-1804 (French pavaneur  strutter); "Gattung Calamoherpe.  ...  1. saltator Vaill. Afr. pl. 122. fig. 1. 2." (Boie 1828) (syn. Acrocephalus schoenobaenus).
● ex “Pingoin Sauteur” of de Bougainville 1771 (French sauteur  jumper) (syn. Eudyptes chrysocome) (see Chrysocoma).
● "56. SAXICOLA SALTATOR  ...  il va ordinairement par paires, et sautille continuellement; il se place volontiers sur les pointes de rochers, et là, il s'élève perpendiculairement en agitant fortement ses ailes, et faisant entendre un zri, zri, zri, très sonore; posé, il a un petit gazouillement très agréable" (Ménétries 1832) (French sautiller  to hop) (syn. Oenanthe hispanica melanoleuca).
● "Not unfrequently we are startled by a shrill scream in some lonely place, and out rushes the Hopping Dick, jumping with rapidity across the road, almost close to our horse's feet.  ...  At the break of day, if we pass along a wooded mountain road  ...  we see the Hopping Dicks bounding singly along the ground in every part  ...  many of these Merles were gliding from one thicket to another, and dashing across the road with that bounding run from which they derive their soubriquet of Hopping Dick  ...  Ouzel, which I would call Merula Saltator, as this name preserves his distinctive soubriquet of Hopping Dick, and refers to his characteristic length of legs, both at the tarsus and the thighs." (Gosse & Hill 1847) (syn. Turdus aurantius).

striatipecta / striatipectus
L. striatus  striated  < striare  to striate  < stria  furrow; pectus, pectoris  breast.

SUBSPECIES

Streaked Saltator (furax)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus furax
furax
L. furax, furacis  thievish  < furari  to steal  < fur, furis  thief.

Streaked Saltator (isthmicus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus isthmicus
isthmica / isthmicus
L. isthmicus  isthmian, of an isthmus  < isthmus isthmus  < Gr. ισθμος isthmos  isthmus (generally given to forms described from Panama (e.g. subsp. Saltator striatipectus) or from Costa Rica (e.g. subsp. Cyanerpes lucidus)).

Streaked Saltator (scotinus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus scotinus
scotinus
Gr. σκοτεινος skoteinos  dark, obscure  < σκοτος skotos  darkness.

Streaked Saltator (melicus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus melicus
melicus
L. melicus  melodious, tuneful  < Gr. μελικος melikos  lyric  < μελος melos  song.

Streaked Saltator (speratus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus speratus
speratus
L. speratus  expected, hoped for  < sperare  to expect  < spes, spei  expectation.
● "This form is about the size of S. s. isthmicus and slightly smaller than S. s. striatipictus; in color and markings it is intermediate, i.e., it is slightly more yellowish or greenish below than striatipictus and less heavily striped on the under parts than isthmicus.  If this were not an island form we would be inclined not to give it a name, but to call it a connecting link between the two races." (Bangs & Penard 1919) (subsp. Saltator striatipectus).

Streaked Saltator (striatipectus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus striatipectus
striatipecta / striatipectus
L. striatus  striated  < striare  to striate  < stria  furrow; pectus, pectoris  breast.

Streaked Saltator (perstriatus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus perstriatus
perstriata / perstriatus
L. per- very; striatus striated < striare to striate < stria furrow.

Streaked Saltator (flavidicollis)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus flavidicollis
flavidicollis
L. flavidus  golden-yellow, yellowish  < flavus  yellow; Mod. L. -collis  -throated,
-necked  < L. collum neck.

Streaked Saltator (immaculatus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus immaculatus
immaculata / immaculatus
L. immaculatus  immaculate, spotless, unstained  < in-  without; macula  spot.
● ex “Ypacahá obscuro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 371 (syn. Pardirallus nigricans).

Streaked Saltator (peruvianus)
SCI Name: Saltator striatipectus peruvianus
peruana / peruanum / peruanus / peruvia / peruviana / peruvianus / peruviensis
Peru. Said to be named after Biru, a local Inca encountered by the conquistadores (although the name is also accredited to a Panamanian cazique). Until the early 18th century the Viceroyalty of Peru included all Spanish possessions in South America.
● ex “Geai du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 625, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Peruvian Jay” of Latham 1781 (syn. Cyanocorax yncas).
● ex “Coq de Roche du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 745, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (Rupicola).
● Erroneous TL. Peru (= Brazil) (Tangara).
Erroneous TL. Peru (= Tahiti) (Vini).