Tawny-throated Dotterel / Oreopholus ruficollis

Tawny-throated Dotterel / Oreopholus ruficollis

Tawny-throated Dotterel

SCI Name:  Oreopholus ruficollis
Protonym:  Charadrius ruficollis Isis 22 col.653
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  tatdot1
Type Locality:  Canelones, Uruguay.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1829
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

OREOPHOLUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Tawny-throated Dotterel O. ruficollis) Gr. ορεοπολος oreopolos  haunting mountains (i.e. Chilean Andes)  < ορος oros, ορεος oreos  mountain; πολεω poleō  to range over; "OREOPHOLUS TOTANIROSTRIS, NOBIS.   We are also indebted to the kindness of MR. GOULD for specimens of this very interesting bird, which we have ventured to characterize as a form varying from any of the Charadriadæ. It is one of the most interesting which has come under our observation, and evidently stands intermediately between Charadrius and Totanus.  "The specimens," MR. GOULD writes, "were received from the Andes of Chili; and, as far as we can judge, are in the plumage of the breeding time." It is probable that it may inhabit the dry Alpine plains of these regions, and assume the place there, which Cursorius does in the arid regions of Africa and India. We are led to suppose this on looking at the structure of the feet, which approach much nearer to Cursorius, or to the Bustards, than to either Charadrius or Totanus." (Jardine & Selby 1835); "Oreopholus Jardine and Selby, Illustr. Orn., 3, 1835, pl. 151. Type, by monotypy, Oreopholus totanirostris Jardine and Selby = Charadrius ruficollis Wagler." (Peters 1934, II, 256).
Var. Oreophilus, Oreopolus.
Synon. Dromicus.

ruficollis
Mod. L. ruficollis  red-necked, rufous-necked  < L. rufus  red, ruddy, rufous; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.
● ex “Black-bellied Gallinule” of Latham 1785 (syn. Aramides cajanea).
● ex “Rufous-throated Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Euneornis campestris).
● ex “Pica flores pecho de cañela” and “Pica flores pecho de topacio” of de Azara 1802-1805, nos. 290, 291 (syn. Hylocharis chrysura).
● ex "Cola aguda cola de canela obscura" of de Azara, no. 240 (syn. Phacellodomus sibilatrix).
● ex “Red-necked Grebe” of Latham 1785 (syn. Podiceps grisegena).
 ex “Rufous-throated Tanager” of Latham 1785 (subsp. Pyrrhulagra violacea).
● ex “Fringilla ruficollis” of Lichtenstein MS (syn. Sporophila ruficollis).

SUBSPECIES

Tawny-throated Dotterel (pallidus)
SCI Name: Oreopholus ruficollis pallidus
pallidum / pallidus
L. pallidus  pallid, pale, wan, sallow  < pallere  to be pale.
● ex “Pale Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Turdus).

Tawny-throated Dotterel (ruficollis)
SCI Name: Oreopholus ruficollis ruficollis
ruficollis
Mod. L. ruficollis  red-necked, rufous-necked  < L. rufus  red, ruddy, rufous; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.
● ex “Black-bellied Gallinule” of Latham 1785 (syn. Aramides cajanea).
● ex “Rufous-throated Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Euneornis campestris).
● ex “Pica flores pecho de cañela” and “Pica flores pecho de topacio” of de Azara 1802-1805, nos. 290, 291 (syn. Hylocharis chrysura).
● ex "Cola aguda cola de canela obscura" of de Azara, no. 240 (syn. Phacellodomus sibilatrix).
● ex “Red-necked Grebe” of Latham 1785 (syn. Podiceps grisegena).
 ex “Rufous-throated Tanager” of Latham 1785 (subsp. Pyrrhulagra violacea).
● ex “Fringilla ruficollis” of Lichtenstein MS (syn. Sporophila ruficollis).