Three-toed Jacamar / Jacamaralcyon tridactyla

Three-toed Jacamar / Jacamaralcyon tridactyla

Three-toed Jacamar

SCI Name:  Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
Protonym:  Galbula tridactyla Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 16 p.445
Category:  Galbuliformes / Galbulidae /
Taxonomy Code:  thtjac1
Type Locality:  Brazil; Pinto, op. cit., suggests Sao Paulo as restricted type locality.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1817
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

JACAMARALCYON
(Galbulidae; Ϯ Three-toed Jacamar J. tridactyla) French name “Jacamaralcion” given to the Three-toed Jacamar by Levaillant 1807, pl. 50  < French Jacamar  jacamar; L. alcyon, alcyonis  kingfisher  < Gr. αλκυων alkuōn, αλκυονος alkuonos  kingfisher (here referring to the three-toed Alcedo tridactylus Pallas, 1769 (= Ceyx erithaca)); "III.e Sous-genre. JACAMARALCYON; Jacamaralcyon.  Bec droit, grêle, alongé; deux doigts en avant, un seul derrière.    7. JACAMARALCYON BRÉSILIEN; Jacamaralcyon brasiliensis: Galbula tridactyla, Vieill.; Levaill., pl. 50; Alcyon tridactyla, Spix, pl. 57, fig. 2.  ...  Habite la Guiane." (Lesson 1830); "Jacamaralcyon Lesson, Traité d'Orn., livr. 3, 1830, p. 235. Type, by monotypy, Jacamaralcyon brasiliensis Lesson = Galbula tridactyla Vieillot." (Peters 1948, VI, 5).
Var. Jacamalcyon, Jacamaralcion.
Synon. AlcyonCauax, Hylaerops.

tridactyla
Gr. τριδακτυλος tridaktulos  three-toed  < τρι- tri- three-  < τρεις treis, τρια tria  three; δακτυλος daktulos  toe.
● ex “Jacamaralcion” of Levaillant 1807 (Jacamaralcyon).
 "69. LARUS.  ...  tridactylus.  1. L. albicans dorso canescente, rectricibus excepto extimo nigris, pedibus tridactylis.  Larus hybernus. Alb. av. 2. p: 80. t. 87.  Larus cinereus. Bell. av. . .  Raj. av. 128. n. 4.  Habitat in Europa septentrionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Rissa).