Tufted Duck / Aythya fuligula

Tufted Duck / Aythya fuligula

Tufted Duck

SCI Name:  Aythya fuligula
Protonym:  Anas fuligula Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.128
Category:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  tufduc
Type Locality:  Europe; restricted to Sweden by Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica, ed. 2, p. 47.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AYTHYA
(Anatidae; Ϯ Greater Scaup A. marila) Gr. αιθυια aithuia  unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle, Hesychius, and other authors. In modern times associated with a variety of seabirds, including a shearwater, a cormorant, a duck, and an auk (cf. Gr. myth. Thyr or Thyrie, mother of Cygnus, who was changed into a waterbird); "130. Aythya marila. — Anas marila Lin." (Boie 1822); "Aythya Boie, 1822, (before May), Tagebuch Reise Norwegen, p. 351. Type, by monotypy, Anas marila Linnaeus." (Johnsgard in Peters, 1979, I, ed. 2, p. 482).   
Var. Aethyia, Aethyja, Aithyia, Aithya.   
Synon. Aristonetta, Dyseonetta, Fuligula, Fulix, Glaucium, Hydrobates, Ilyonetta, Marila, Nettarion, Nyroca, Penelope, Perissonetta, Zeafulix.

fuligula / fuligulae / fuligulus
L. fuligo, fuliginis  soot; gula  throat. 
● "61. ANAS.  ...  Fuligula.  39. A. crista dependente, corpore nigro, ventre maculaque alarum albis. Fn. Svec. 99.  Anas Fuligula. Gesn. av. 107. Will. orn. 280. t. 73. Alb. av. I. p. 91. t. 95.  Anas cristata. Raj. av. 142.  Habitat in Europæ maritimisMas. incubante femina, nos deserit." (Linnaeus 1758) (cf. “for fulicula, diminutive of fulix or fulica [Coot]” (BOU 1915)) (Aythya).
● ex “Hirondelle Fauve” of Levaillant 1806 (Ptyonoprogne).

Fuligula
(Anatidae; syn. Aythya Tufted Duck A. fuligula) Specific name Anas fuligula Linnaeus, 1758; "FULIGULA.  POCHARD.  ...  FULIGULA. Ray, Leach.  NYROCA. Fleming.  PENELOPE. Briss.  GLAUCIUM. Briss.  QUERQUEDULA. Briss.  ...   TUFTED POCHARD. (Fuligula cristata.)  ... Anas Fuligula. Linn. Syst. Nat. 1. 207." (Stephens 1824); "Fuligula Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 12, (2), p. 187, 1824—type, by tautonymy, Anas fuligula Linnaeus." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (2), p. 367).