Protonym: Goldmania violiceps Smiths.Misc.Coll. 56 no.21 p.1
Taxonomy: Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae / Goldmania
Taxonomy Code: vichum1
Type Locality: Cerro Azul, 3000 feet, northwest of Chepo, Panamd.
Publish Year: 1911
IUCN Status: Near Threatened
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Violet-capped Hummingbird G. violiceps) Maj. Edward Alphonso Goldman (1873-1946) US Army, zoologist, conservationist; "Since January, 1911, Mr. E. A. Goldman, of the Biological Survey, U. S. Department of Agriculture, has been detailed to the Smithsonian Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone to collect mammals and birds in the Canal Zone and adjacent parts of Panama. The most interesting discovery in his work to date has been a hummingbird representing a beautiful new genus and species. The type came from the higher slopes of the Cerro Azul ... GOLDMANIA, new genus. Type Goldmania violiceps, new species. Genus named in honor of Mr. E. A. Goldman. Generic characters.— In general appearance similar to Saucerottea, but under-tail coverts small and very short; the three median ones remarkably specialized, being very narrow at base, broad and strongly decurved distally and very stiff; tenth, or outermost primary, shorter than ninth and abruptly attenuate near tip in adult male; bill longer than head, terete, narrow, slightly expanded basally and nasal operculum overlapping edge of mandible; feathers on tarsus very short, leaving inner side completely exposed. GOLDMANIA VIOLICEPS, new species ... collected by E. A. Goldman, March 23, 1911." (Nelson 1911); "Goldmania Nelson, 1911, Smithson. Misc. Collect. 56 (21): 1. Type, by original designation, Goldmania violiceps Nelson." (AOU Checklist, 7th ed., 1998, p. 296).
L. viola violet; -ceps -crowned < caput, capitis head.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)