Wallace’s Owlet-nightjar / Aegotheles wallacii

Wallace\'s Owlet-nightjar / Aegotheles wallacii

Wallace's Owlet-nightjar

SCI Name:  Aegotheles wallacii
Protonym:  Aegotheles wallacii Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt(27)2 p.154
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Aegothelidae /
Taxonomy Code:  waonig1
Type Locality:  Dorey [now Manokwari] New Guinea.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1859
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AEGOTHELES
(Aegothelidae; Ϯ Australian Owlet-nightjar A. cristatus) Gr. αιγοθηλας aigothēlas  nightjar or goatsucker  < αιξ aix, αιγος aigos  goat; θηλαζω thēlazō  to suckle; "Genus ÆGOTHELES Ϯ.   Rostrum breve, crassiusculum, latissimum, basi depressum, tomiis integris, rictu amplissimo.  Culmen carinatum, rotundatum, dertro unguiculato, subadunco.  Mandibula inferior apice ad accipiendum superioris dertrum canaliculata.   ...   ϮAιγοθηλης, Caprimulgus. — We revive the Aristotelian name of the Goatsucker. The word, although originally conveying an erroneous meaning, has been translated into so many languages, and, as such, has become so identified with the birds of this family, that we feel no hesitation in applying it to the present group.  ...  We have hitherto met with but one species belonging to this form which seems confined to New Holland.   1. NOVÆ HOLLANDIÆ.  ...  Caprimulgus Novæ Hollandiæ. Lath. Ind. Orn. p. 588. no. 18.  Crested Goatsucker. Phillips's Bot. Bay, pl. in p. 270.  This bird is called by the natives Teringing'." (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Ægotheles Vigors and Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, pt. 1, 1826, p. 194. Type, by monotypy, Caprimulgus novaehollandiae Latham = Caprimulgus cristatus White." (Peters 1940, IV, p. 181).
Var. Aegitholes, Egotheles, Oegotheles.
Synon. Euaegotheles, Megaegotheles.

wallaceana / wallaceanus / wallacei / wallaciana / wallacii
● Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) British zoologist, joint originator of the theory of evolution by natural selection, father of zoogeography, collector in Brazil and the East Indies (subsp. Accipiter fasciatus, Aegotheles, Ceyx, syn. Ceyx azureus lessonii, subsp. Chalcophaps stephani, syn. Dendrocincla fuliginosa, syn. Dicrurus leucophaeus, syn. Dicrurus paradiseus formosus, syn. Eos squamata, Eulipoa, Habroptila, Heleia, subsp. Hemiprocne longipennis, syn. Lonchura quinticolor, subsp. Mulleripicus fulvus, syn. Paradisaea apoda, subsp. Patagioenas plumbea, subsp. Picumnus aurifrons, subsp. Pipromorpha oleaginea, syn. Prioniturus platurus, subsp. Procnias albus, Ptilinopus, subsp. Schiffornis turdina, Semioptera, Sipodotus, subsp. Treron griseicauda).
● Maj. Robert Browne Wallace (1918-2002) US Army, businessman, philanthropist, environmentalist (Capito).

SUBSPECIES

Wallace's Owlet-nightjar (wallacii)
SCI Name: Aegotheles wallacii wallacii
wallaceana / wallaceanus / wallacei / wallaciana / wallacii
● Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) British zoologist, joint originator of the theory of evolution by natural selection, father of zoogeography, collector in Brazil and the East Indies (subsp. Accipiter fasciatus, Aegotheles, Ceyx, syn. Ceyx azureus lessonii, subsp. Chalcophaps stephani, syn. Dendrocincla fuliginosa, syn. Dicrurus leucophaeus, syn. Dicrurus paradiseus formosus, syn. Eos squamata, Eulipoa, Habroptila, Heleia, subsp. Hemiprocne longipennis, syn. Lonchura quinticolor, subsp. Mulleripicus fulvus, syn. Paradisaea apoda, subsp. Patagioenas plumbea, subsp. Picumnus aurifrons, subsp. Pipromorpha oleaginea, syn. Prioniturus platurus, subsp. Procnias albus, Ptilinopus, subsp. Schiffornis turdina, Semioptera, Sipodotus, subsp. Treron griseicauda).
● Maj. Robert Browne Wallace (1918-2002) US Army, businessman, philanthropist, environmentalist (Capito).

Wallace's Owlet-nightjar (gigas)
SCI Name: Aegotheles wallacii gigas
gigas
L. gigas, gigantis  giant  < Gr. γιγας gigas, γιγαντος gigantos  giant.
● ex Ardea scolopacea J. Gmelin, 1789, and “Caráu” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 366 (syn. Aramus guarauna).
● ex “Coucal Géant” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 223 (syn. Centropus phasianinus).
● ex “Touraco Géant” of Levaillant 1813-1818, pl. 19 (syn. Corythaeola cristata).
● ex “Coucou verdâtre de Madagascar” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Great Madagascar Cuckow” of Latham 1781 (Coua).
● ex “Plus grand Martin-pêcheur” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Great Brown Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (syn. Dacelo novaeguineae).

Wallace's Owlet-nightjar (manni)
SCI Name: Aegotheles wallacii manni
manni
Sir Alan Harbury Mann (1914-1970) Australian jurist, naturalist, collector, Chief Justice of Papua New Guinea (subsp. Aegotheles wallacii).