White-bellied Erpornis / Erpornis zantholeuca

White-bellied Erpornis / Erpornis zantholeuca

White-bellied Erpornis

SCI Name:  Erpornis zantholeuca
Protonym:  Erp[ornis]. zantholeuca J.Asiat.Soc.Bengal 13 p.380
Category:  Passeriformes / Vireonidae /
Taxonomy Code:  whbyuh1
Type Locality:  Nepal.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1844
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ERPORNIS
(Vireonidae; White-bellied Erpornis E. zantholeuca) Gr. ἑρπω herpō  to creep about; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "Erpornis, Hodgson.  Combines the bill and crested crown of the preceding [Stachyris] with the wings and tail of Iora.*   *Mr. Hodgson sends the following diagnostics  ...  Erpornis, Mihi (ερπω, to creep).  Close to the last form [Stachyris]. Bill medial, conico-compressed, strong, straight, scarpt, pointed; the tip of the upper mandible rather longer and notched. Nares elliptic, lateral, free, and placed in a membranous groove, with small process above the aperture. Tongue cartilaginous, simple. Wings medial, round, acuminate, firm, the fifth primary longest, first small. Tail subfurcate, simple. Legs and feet strong and repertatory, feebler than in Stachyris, but otherwise similar.  Type, Erp. zantholeuca.  Hab. central region. Sexes alike.  Structure and habits passing from those of last towards those of Zosterops, by the notched bill, stronger wings, shorter feet, and furcate tail." (Hodgson 1844); "Erpornis Hodgson, 1844, in Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 13, p. 379, footnote.  Type, by original designation and monotypy, Erpornis zantholeuca Blyth." (Deignan in Peters, 1964, X, p. 420) (see Stachyris). The White-bellied Erpornis or Yuhina is currently considered to be allied to the vireos, but was formerly widely treated as a babbler Timaliidae.  
Var. Herpornis.

zantholeuca
Gr. ξανθολευκος xantholeukos  pale-yellow  < ξανθος xanthos  yellow; λευκος leukos  white.

SUBSPECIES

White-bellied Erpornis (zantholeuca)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca zantholeuca
zantholeuca
Gr. ξανθολευκος xantholeukos  pale-yellow  < ξανθος xanthos  yellow; λευκος leukos  white.

White-bellied Erpornis (tyrannulus)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca tyrannulus
TYRANNULUS
(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet T. elatus) Mod. L. tyrannulus  little tyrant  < dim. genus Tyrannus de Lacépède, 1799, kingbird; "TYRANNEAU, Tyrannulus.  Motacilla, Linn. Gm.  Bec très-court, un peu grêle, convexe en dessus, entier, incliné à la pointe. — 1ere à 4e remiges les plus longues.   Esp. Roitelet-Mésange, Buff." (Vieillot 1816); "Tyrannulus Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 31. Type, by monotypy, "Roitelet-Mésange" Buffon = Sylvia elata Latham." (Traylor in Peters 1979, VIII, 21).

White-bellied Erpornis (griseiloris)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca griseiloris
griseiloris
Med. L. griseum grey; Mod. L. lorum lores  < L. lorum  thong, reins.

White-bellied Erpornis (sordida)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca sordida
sordida
L. sordidus  shabby, dirty  < sordere  to be dirty  < sordes, sordis  dirt.
● ex “Merle des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 89 (Pitta).

White-bellied Erpornis (canescens)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca canescens
canescens
L. canescens, canescentis  greyish  < canescere  to become hoary or white  < canere  to be grey  < canus grey.
● ex “Van Diemen’s Warbler” of Latham 1787 (subsp. Phylidonyris novaehollandiae).
● ex “Cinereous Godwit” of Pennant 1768, and Latham 1785 (syn. Tringa nebularia).

White-bellied Erpornis (interposita)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca interposita
interposita / interpositus
L. interpositus  interposed, introduced  < interponere  to interpose.
● "Similar to O. japonicus japonicus, but differs in having the wing and bill longer and stouter, and the coloration rather darker. It also differs from O. japonicus elegans in having the upper parts paler and less rufous in tone, and in having the wing and culmen perceptibly shorter" (Kuroda 1923) (subsp. Otus elegans).

White-bellied Erpornis (saani)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca saani
saani
Saän (fl. 1953) Indonesian collector, taxidermist at Bogor Mus., Java 1937-1953 (subsp. Erpornis zantholeuca, syn. Oriolus chinensis fomosus).

White-bellied Erpornis (brunnescens)
SCI Name: Erpornis zantholeuca brunnescens
brunnescens
Mod. L. brunnescens, brunnescentis  somewhat brown, brownish  < brunneus  brown  < Med. L. brunius  brown.