White-crested Tyrannulet / Serpophaga subcristata

White-crested Tyrannulet / Serpophaga subcristata

White-crested Tyrannulet

SCI Name:  Serpophaga subcristata
Protonym:  Sylvia subcristata Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 11 p.229
Category:  Passeriformes / Tyrannidae /
Taxonomy Code:  whctyr1
Type Locality:  Paraguay.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1817
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

SERPOPHAGA
(Tyrannidae; Ϯ White-crested Tyrannulet S. subcristata straminea) Gr. σερφος serphos  gnat; -φαγος -phagos  -eating  < φαγειν phagein  to eat; "GENUS.—SERPOPHAGA.  Gould.   Rostrum capite multo brevius, rectum, subdeprerssum; tomiis rectis; mandibula superiore subemarginata; naribus basalibus, lateralibus, pilis mollibus antice versis partim tectis.  Alæ breves, concavæ, remige quarta longissima.  Cauda longiuscula subrotundata.  Tarsi mediocres sqwuamis duris annulati; digitis parvis, postico mediano breviore, lateralibus æqualibus, exteriore cum mediano usque ad articulum priorem connatum.   1. SERPOPHAGA PARULUS. Gould.   ...  2. SERPOPHAGA ALBO-CORONATA. Gould.  ...  This bird, like the last species, generally moves in very small flocks. Its habits, I presume are also very similar; for I state in my notes that it closely approaches to our tit-mice in general manners and appearance.   3. SERPOPHAGA NIGRICANS. Gould." (Gould in Darwin 1839); "SERPOPHAGA Gould, 1839  F— Serpophaga albocoronata Gould, 1839; type by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 50). = Muscicapa straminea Temminck, 1822." (Dickinson & Christidis (eds.) 2014, 45).
Var. Serphophaga.
Synon. Holmbergphaga, Muscicapara, Phrenotriccus, Ridgwayornis, Taczanowskia.

subcristata / subcristatus
L. sub  slightly, somewhat; cristatus  crested  < crista  crest.
● ex “Contramaestre capetillo ordinario” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 160 (Serpophaga).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Emberiza cristata Vigors, 1831 (= syn. Melophus lathami) (syn. Melophus lathami).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Colymbus cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. Podiceps grisegena).

SUBSPECIES

White-crested Tyrannulet (subcristata)
SCI Name: Serpophaga subcristata subcristata
subcristata / subcristatus
L. sub  slightly, somewhat; cristatus  crested  < crista  crest.
● ex “Contramaestre capetillo ordinario” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 160 (Serpophaga).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Emberiza cristata Vigors, 1831 (= syn. Melophus lathami) (syn. Melophus lathami).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Colymbus cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. Podiceps grisegena).

White-crested Tyrannulet (straminea)
SCI Name: Serpophaga subcristata straminea
straminea
Mod. L. stramineus  straw-yellow  < L. stramineus  made of straw  < stramen, straminis  straw  < sternere  to strew.