Protonym: Buceros comatus Trans.Linn.Soc.London(1), 13 p.339
Category: Bucerotiformes / Bucerotidae / Berenicornis
Taxonomy Code: whchor2
Type Locality: Sumatra.
Publish Year: 1822
IUCN Status: Endangered
(Bucerotidae; Ϯ White-crowned Hornbill B. comatus) Berenice Queen of Egypt (fl. 250 BC) whose hair, vowed to Venus following her husband’s victories, was stolen from the temple and said to have been placed in a constellation; Gr. ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos bird; "The head and neck are covered with white feathers, more or less black at their roots. These feathers are wiry or filiform, and stand nearly erect, particularly on the top of the head, while on the forehead they are directed forwards over the crest of the bill and conceal it in part. On the sides of the head the feathers lie flat, and are directed upwards, so that the whole head looks as if surmounted by a stiff mane, or the furred crest of a helmet" (Raffles 1822); "*217. Berenicornis, Bp. (Buceros, p. Gr.) Afr. Malaiasia. 2. 1. BUCEROS comatus, Raffles. (lugubris, Begbie.) Verh. Natuurk. Gesch. t. 4. ex Sumatra. Major. *2. BUCEROS macrourus, Temm. 1842. (leucostigma, a rostro, Mus. Lugd. - albocristatus? Cassini, Journ. Acad. Phil. 1847? - Berenicornis albicristatus, Bp. in litt.) Mus. Lugd. ex Afr. occ. Ashantee. Minor" (Bonaparte 1850); "Berenicornis Bonaparte, Consp. Av., 1, 1850, p. 91. Type, by subsequent designation, Buceros comatus Raffles. (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 84.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 260).
L. comatus hairy < coma hair of the head < Gr. κομη komē hair.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)