White-tipped Sicklebill / Eutoxeres aquila

White-tipped Sicklebill / Eutoxeres aquila

White-tipped Sicklebill

SCI Name:  Eutoxeres aquila
Protonym:  Trochilus Aquila Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt15 no.171 p.42
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  whtsic1
Type Locality:  Vicinity of Bogota, Colombia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1847
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

EUTOXERES
(Trochilidae; Ϯ White-tipped Sicklebill E. aquila) Gr. ευ eu  fine, good; τοχηρης toxērēs  archer, furnished with the bow  < τοξον toxon  bow (cf. ευτοξια eutoxia  skill in archery). Reichenbach's 1849, plate XL, labelled Trochilinae. Mellisuginae. Phaëtorninae, shows the head of this hummingbird with its distinctive arched bill; "Eutoxeres Aquila (Tr. — BOURC. 1847.) RCHB. syst. — St Fé de Bog.    — Condaminei (Tr. — BOURC. 1851.) RCHB. — Ecuador: Archidona." (Reichenbach 1854); "Eutoxeres Reichenbach, Av. Syst. Nat. [1849], pl. XL. generic details only, no species. Species added, Gould, Monogr. Trochil., pt. 2, Nov. 1851, pls. [5 and 6]. Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus aquila Lodd. i.e. Bourcier. (Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 21.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 16).
Synon. Myiaetina.

AQUILA
(Accipitridae; Golden Eagle A. chrysaetos) L. aquila  eagle  ?<  aquilus  dark-coloured; the Golden Eagle was the emblem of the Roman legions, whose standards or eagles bore the likeness of an eagle with raised wings; "Aquila. Genus 9.  ...  Genus Aquilinum ...  Digiti quatuor, membranis destituti; tres scilicet antici, posticus unus; omnes circiter usque ad exortum discreti: Crura ad calcaneum usque plumosa: Rostrum breve, primum rectum, dein aduncum; ad basin cute nuda tectum: Caput plumosum.  ...  **1. L'AIGLE  ...  AQUILA." (Brisson 1760): based on "Aquila" of many previous authors; "Aquila Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 28, 419.  Type, by tautonymy, Aquila Brisson = Falco chrysaëtos Linné." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 253).
Var. Aquilla, Aquilo.   
Synon. Aetos, Aetus, Afraetus, Cassinaetus, Chrysaetus, Euaquila, Micraetus, Morphnaetos, Psammoaetus, Pteroaetus, Taphaetus, Uroaetus.

aquila
L. aquila  eagle  ?<  aquilus  dark-coloured.
● "XIII. AIGLE COMMUN.   FALCO AQUILA.  ...  Aquila Valeria. ARISTOTE, Hist. animFalco fulvus. LINNÉ, Syst. natChrysaëtos, cauda albo cincta. RAY, Syn.  ...  En Tartarie on leur apprend à chasser les lièvres, les renards et même les loups" (Daudin 1800) (syn. Aquila chrysaetos).
● "66. PELECANUS.  ...  Aquilus.  2. P. cauda forficata, corpore nigro, capite abdomineque albis. Amœn. acad. 4. p. . .   Pelecanus Aquilus. Osb. iter. 292.  Alcyon major pulla, cauda pulla, cauda longiore bifurca. Brown jam. 483.  Cari pira Laët. amer. 575.  Man of var.[sic] Sloan. jam. I. p. 30.  Avis Rabo focardo. Pet. gaz. t. 45. f. 1.?  Frigate bird. Alb. av. 3. p. 75. t. 80. maleHabitat in Insula Adscensionis aliisque pelagicis, vitam agens Diomedeæ exulis, cui similis." (Linnaeus 1758); from the very sharp, eagle-like bill of the Ascension Frigatebird (Fregata).

SUBSPECIES

White-tipped Sicklebill (salvini)
SCI Name: Eutoxeres aquila salvini
salvini / salvinii
Osbert Salvin (1835-1898) English ornithologist, Curator of Ornithology, Cambridge University 1874-1882, collector (syn. Accipiter erythronemius ventralis, syn. Alaemon alaudipes, syn. Amazilia violiceps, subsp. Amazona autumnalis, Antrostomus, subsp. Basileuterus rufifrons, syn. Certhidea olivacea, subsp. Chlorostilbon canivetii, subsp. Colinus virginianus, syn. Crypturellus variegatus, subsp. Cyphorhinus arada, subsp. Empidonax flavescens, subsp. Eubucco bourcierii, subsp. Eutoxeres aquila, subsp. Geospiza parvula, subsp. Habia fuscicauda, syn. Heliodoxa xanthogonys, subsp. Icterus mesomelas, subsp. Knipolegus poecilurus, subsp. Lampornis amethystinus, Mitu, subsp. Neomorphus geoffroyi, OneillornisPachyptila, subsp. Pachyramphus albogriseus (ex Pachyramphus similis Salvin, 1895), subsp. Paraclaravis mondetoura, subsp. Picumnus exilis, syn. Popelairia conversii, subsp. Sclerurus guatemalensis, subsp. Sicalis olivascens, subsp. Spindalis zena, subsp. Sporophila funereaThalassarche, syn. Tinamus major fuscipennisTumbezia, subsp. Vireo pallens).

White-tipped Sicklebill (heterurus)
SCI Name: Eutoxeres aquila heterurus
heterura / heterurus
Gr. ἑτερος heteros  different; -ουρος -ouros  -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.

White-tipped Sicklebill (aquila)
SCI Name: Eutoxeres aquila aquila
AQUILA
(Accipitridae; Golden Eagle A. chrysaetos) L. aquila  eagle  ?<  aquilus  dark-coloured; the Golden Eagle was the emblem of the Roman legions, whose standards or eagles bore the likeness of an eagle with raised wings; "Aquila. Genus 9.  ...  Genus Aquilinum ...  Digiti quatuor, membranis destituti; tres scilicet antici, posticus unus; omnes circiter usque ad exortum discreti: Crura ad calcaneum usque plumosa: Rostrum breve, primum rectum, dein aduncum; ad basin cute nuda tectum: Caput plumosum.  ...  **1. L'AIGLE  ...  AQUILA." (Brisson 1760): based on "Aquila" of many previous authors; "Aquila Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 28, 419.  Type, by tautonymy, Aquila Brisson = Falco chrysaëtos Linné." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 253).
Var. Aquilla, Aquilo.   
Synon. Aetos, Aetus, Afraetus, Cassinaetus, Chrysaetus, Euaquila, Micraetus, Morphnaetos, Psammoaetus, Pteroaetus, Taphaetus, Uroaetus.