Wood Sandpiper / Tringa glareola

Wood Sandpiper / Tringa glareola

Wood Sandpiper

SCI Name:  Tringa glareola
Protonym:  Tringa Glareola Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.149
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  woosan
Type Locality:  Europe, restricted type locality, Sweden.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TRINGA
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Green Sandpiper T. ochropus) Late Med. L. tringa name given to the Green Sandpiper by Aldrovandus 1599 < Gr. τρυγγας trungas thrush-sized, white-rumped wading bird that bobs its tail, mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified, but taken by later authors to be a sandpiper, wagtail, or dipper; "78. TRINGA.  Rostrum teretiusculum, longitudine capitis.  Pedes tetradactyli: postico uniarticulato a terra elevato." (Linnaeus 1758); "Tringa Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 148. Type, by tautonymy, Tringa ocrophus Linné (Tringa, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 264). Linnaeus's Tringa comprised thirteen species (T. Pugnax, T. Vanellus, T. Gambetta, T. Interpres, T. tobata, T. Fulicaria, T. alpina, T. Ocrophus, T. Hypoleucos, T. Canutus, T. Glareola, T. littorea, T. Squatarola).  
Var. Trunga, Trynga, Tryngas, Tringra, Trinca, Frinca, Fringa.
Synon. Aegialodes, Carites, Catoptrophorus, Erythroscelus, Gambetta, Glottis, Helodromas, Heteractitis, Heteroscelus, Hodites, Iliornis, Limicula, Nea, Neoglottis, Ochropus, Pseudoglottis, Pseudototanus, Rhyacophilus, Totanus.
● (syn. Calidris Ϯ Red Knot C. canutus) “Type by subsequent designation of Gray (List Gen. Bds. 1st ed. 1840, p. 69): T. canutus Linn. If the method of Linnean tautonymy be followed, the type of the genus must be ... Tringa ochropus Linn.” (BOU 1915).
● (syn. Vanellus Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) "GENUS 115. TRINGA Lin. Cuv. Lath. Dumer.  Vanellus Briss. Bechst. Meyer.  Parra LaCépède. (Kibitz Germ. Vanneau Gall. Lapwing Angl.)  ...  Species: Tringa Vanellus, varia Lin.  Parra Cayennensis Lin Gmel.  Observat: Tota avis, praesertim secundum rostrum, ita similis est Charadriis, ut, demto halluce, discrimen vix restet. Caeterum observo, Tringae characteres a Linnaeo enumeratos, cum solis Vanellis Auctorum quadrare, nec cum Actitibus, quas cum illis confuderat. Nomen Tringae hanc ob caussam Vanellis servandum erat" (Illiger 1811).

GLAREOLA
(Glareolidae; Ϯ Collared Pratincole G. pratincola) Mod. L. glareola  little gravel (bird)  < dim. L. glarea  gravel; "Glareola. Genus 73.  ...  Genus Glareolæ   Le genre de la Perdrix-de-mer.  ...  **1. LA PERDRIX-DE-MER.  ...  GLAREOLA.  ...  On la trouve sur les bords de la mer, des rivieres & des étangs" (Brisson 1760): ex "Koppriegerle" of Gessner 1555, "Hirundo marina" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, Jonston 1650-1653 and Charleton 1668, "Glareola" and "Sand-Vogel" of Schwenkfeld 1603, and "Pratincola" of Kramer 1756; "Glareola Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 141. Type, by tautonymy, Glareola Brisson = Hirundo pratincola Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 303).
Var. GlareoleaGlariola.   
Synon. Dromochelidon, Galachrysia, Pratincola, Subglareola, Trachelia.

glareola
Dim. < L. glarea  gravel (probably used in the broadest sense of waterside habitat).
● "109. Charadrius Glareola F.  (Fig. pict. G.)  Charadrius fuscus, pectore abdomineque rufescentibus, remigibus fuscis 6—10 medio, 11—12 apice albis.   Habitat ad littora glareosa insulae australis Novae Zeelandiae.   Corpus magnitudine circiter Scolopacis rusticolae." (Forster 1844 (ed. Lichtenstein)) (syn. Charadrius obscurus).
● ex Glareola Brisson, 1760, pratincole, and Glareola austriaca J. Gmelin, 1798 (syn. Glareola pratincola).
● "78. TRINGA.  ...  Glareola.  11. T. rostro lævi, pedibus virescentibus, corpore albo punctato, pectore subalbido. Fn. svec. 152.  Habitat in Europa.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Tringa).