Yellow-billed Turaco / Tauraco macrorhynchus

Yellow-billed Turaco / Tauraco macrorhynchus

Yellow-billed Turaco

SCI Name:  Tauraco macrorhynchus
Protonym:  Corythaix macrorhynchus Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt7 no.74 p.34
Category:  Musophagiformes / Musophagidae /
Taxonomy Code:  yebtur1
Type Locality:  Aviary specimen, no locality = Sierra Leone apud Bannerman.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1839
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TAURACO
(Musophagidae; Ϯ Guinea Turaco T. persa) According to SOED (1950), II, 2219,  Touraco is a native name in West Africa for the Guinea Turaco. Ray 1713, used “Tooracca” and “Tooraca” (e.g. “Tooracca Pigaly. Red Tooracca with a black head”), but these were for various Indian bulbuls, based on Telugu name Turaka-pigli-pitta for the Red-whiskered Bulbul. De Buffon 1783, coined “Tourocco”, combining French Tourterelle turtle dove, and Hocco curassow; Rüppell 1835 reported that Guguka was an Amharic name for a plantain-eater; and Gotch 1981, has "an imitation of the bird's cry."; "TOURACO.  THIS Bird is about the Bigness of a Magpye or Jay  ...  What genus of Birds to range this with, I cannot positively say; it climes not as Parrots do, nor doth it agree with them in any respect, except in the Position of the Toes; nor is its Bill any thing like a Woodpecker's, so that I think it nearest the Cuckow-kind.  Albin has figur'd this Bird, and calls it the Crown Bird from Mexico; tho' these Birds are indeed Africans, brought from Guinea, by the Way of the West Indies, to us" (Edwards 1743); "TAVRACO; regia avis, Edvv. I. p. 7. The Crown Bird from Mexico.  Albin II. 18. Rex Guineensis; Krohn-Vogel; nova dicitur avis.  Inter aviculas habemus regulos; quidem etiam haberemus regem? Edvvardo hæc avis apparet similis Picæ glandariæ; quod non dixerim; elegantissima est, rostro brevissimo, in capite condecorata plumis, qualibus se distinguunt Reguli africani. Albinus avem nec bene pinxit, nec recte descripsit, neque solum natale recte indigitavit; non enim mexicana est, sed guineensis, ex Africa septentrionali, versus regnum Congo, Capiti bonæ spei conterminum" (Klein 1750); "58. Rodzay V. Korończyk, (Tauraco,) szczegulnie tylko ten ieden iest gatunek. Ptak tu należący nadpospolicie pięknie się wydaie. Ma dziob krotki, i nosi na swey głowie takowe piora, iakich Afrykańscy Krolikowie zażywaią. Oyczyzną iego iest Gwinea, połnocna Afryka, i Krolestwo Kongo." (Kluk 1779); "Tauraco Kluk, Hist. [Historyi Naturalney], 2, 1779, p. 25. Type, by subsequent designation, Cuculus persa Linné. (Domaniewski, Acta Orn. Mus. Zool. Polon., 1, 1933, p. 26.)" (Peters 1940, IV, 3). 
Var. Touraco, Turaco.
Synon. Corythaix, Heuglinornis, Menelikornis, Neumannornis, Opoethus, Persa, Proturacopsis, Proturacus, Pseudogallirex, Pseudopoetus, Spelectoides, Spelectos, Turacus.

macrorhyncha / macrorhynchos / macrorhynchus
Gr. μακρορρυγχος makrorrhunkhos long-billed < μακρος makros long; ῥυγχος rhunkhos bill.
● ex “Great-billed Tody” of Latham 1782 (Cymbirhynchus).
● ex “Perroquet de la nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 713, “Perroquet à bec couleur de sang” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Great-billed Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Tanygnathus megalorhynchos).
● ex “Plus grand Barbu à gros bec de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 689, “Plus grand Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Greater Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (Notharchus).

SUBSPECIES

Yellow-billed Turaco (Yellow-billed)
SCI Name: Tauraco macrorhynchus macrorhynchus
macrorhyncha / macrorhynchos / macrorhynchus
Gr. μακρορρυγχος makrorrhunkhos long-billed < μακρος makros long; ῥυγχος rhunkhos bill.
● ex “Great-billed Tody” of Latham 1782 (Cymbirhynchus).
● ex “Perroquet de la nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 713, “Perroquet à bec couleur de sang” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Great-billed Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Tanygnathus megalorhynchos).
● ex “Plus grand Barbu à gros bec de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 689, “Plus grand Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Greater Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (Notharchus).

Yellow-billed Turaco (Verreaux's)
SCI Name: Tauraco macrorhynchus verreauxii
verreauxii / verreauxius / verreauxorum
● Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) French natural history dealer, collector (subsp. Alcedo meninting, Aquila, Carpodacus, ?syn. Graminicola bengalensis, syn. Hypargos margaritatus, subsp. Tauraco macrorhynchus, subsp. Turdus libonyanus, syn. Vidua paradisaea).
● Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) and his brothers, Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) and Joseph Aléxis Verreaux (d. 1868) French natural history dealers (Maison Verreaux in Paris) (subsp. Aviceda cuculoides).
● Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) and Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) French natural history dealers (syn. Campylopterus hemileucurus, Trichoglossus x Glossopsittacus hybrid, syn. Verreauxia africana).
● Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) French natural history dealer, collector (subsp. Celeus grammicus, Lophornis).
● see also veroxii