Yellow Rail / Coturnicops noveboracensis

Yellow Rail / Coturnicops noveboracensis

Yellow Rail

SCI Name:  Coturnicops noveboracensis
Protonym:  Fulica noveboracensis Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.701
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  yelrai
Type Locality:  New York.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

COTURNICOPS
(Rallidae; Ϯ Yellow Rail C. noveboracensis) L. coturnix, coturnicis  quail; Gr. ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos  appearance. "In SIZE lesser than an English Quail" (Pennant 1787); "a. Ralleæ.  ...  *2017. Coturnicops, Bp." (Bonaparte 1854); "1991. COTURNICOPS, Pr. B. 1854. (Rallus noveboracensis, Gm.)" (G. Gray 1855); "Coturnicops "Pr. B. 1854"1 G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. and Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 120. Type, by monotypy, Rallus noveboracensis Gmelin = Fulica noveboracensis Gmelin.  ...  1 This name is a nomen nudum at its first appearance in Ann.Sci. Nat., Zool. (4), 1, 1854, p. 150." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 193).
Synon. Ortygops.

noveboracensis
L. novus  new; Eboracum  York, England; i.e. New York, USA.
● ex “Yellow-breasted Gallinule” of Pennant 1785 (Coturnicops).
● ex “New York Thrush” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Euphagus carolinus).
● ex “New-York Merlin” of Latham 1781 (syn. Falco sparverius).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “New York Sandpiper” of Latham 1785, and Pennant 1785 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
Louisiana and New York; ex “Fauvette tachetée de la Louisiane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 709, fig. 1, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “New York Warbler” of Latham 1783, and Pennant 1785 (Parkesia).
● ex "Green Fly-catcher" of Pennant 1785 (syn. Vireo griseus).

SUBSPECIES

Yellow Rail (Northern)
SCI Name: Coturnicops noveboracensis noveboracensis
noveboracensis
L. novus  new; Eboracum  York, England; i.e. New York, USA.
● ex “Yellow-breasted Gallinule” of Pennant 1785 (Coturnicops).
● ex “New York Thrush” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Euphagus carolinus).
● ex “New-York Merlin” of Latham 1781 (syn. Falco sparverius).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “New York Sandpiper” of Latham 1785, and Pennant 1785 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
Louisiana and New York; ex “Fauvette tachetée de la Louisiane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 709, fig. 1, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “New York Warbler” of Latham 1783, and Pennant 1785 (Parkesia).
● ex "Green Fly-catcher" of Pennant 1785 (syn. Vireo griseus).

Yellow Rail (Goldman's)
SCI Name: Coturnicops noveboracensis goldmani
goldmani
Maj. Edward Alphonso Goldman (1873-1946) US Army, zoologist, divisional chief US Biological Survey 1919-1928, senior biologist US Fish & Wildlife Service 1928-1943, collector, conservationist (syn. Antrostomus ridgwayi, ‡subsp. Coturnicops noveboracensis, subsp. Crypturellus cinnamomeus, subsp. Geothlypis beldingi, subsp. Melospiza melodia, subsp. Momotus lessonii, subsp. Peucaea botterii, subsp. Setophaga auduboni, subsp. Trogon ambiguus, syn. Vireolanius melitophrys, Zentrygon).