Zimmer’s Woodcreeper / Dendroplex kienerii
Protonym: Dendrornis Kienerii Exped.Am.Sud.Zool.[Castelnau] 1 Ois.(1855) p.45 pl.14 fig.1
Taxonomy: Passeriformes / Furnariidae / Dendroplex
Taxonomy Code: zimwoo2
Type Locality: Ega, Rio Solimoes.
Author: Des Murs
Publish Year: 1856
IUCN Status: Near Threatened
(Furnariidae; † Straight-billed Woodcreeper D. picus) Gr. δενδρον dendron tree; πλησσω plēssō to strike; "DENDROPLEX. Rostrum rectissimum. Alæ mediocres, rotundatæ; remigibus 3tia, 4ta, et 5ta longissimis. I know not whether the type of this genus has been described. The living bird has all the manners of a Picus. Except in its perfectly straight bill, it differs not from Dendrocolaptes" (Swainson 1827); "35. CERTHIA L. Baumläufer. ... II. DENDROCALAPTES Grimpar Vaill. ... *11. C. (D.) Picus Licht. 1) [Dendrocalaptes guttatus.] Spix 91.1. [Vaill. pr. Gr. 27.] Enl. 605. Le Talapiot. Gracula picoides Shaw. Oriolus Picus Gm. et Lath. ... 1) Wird das Geschlecht Dendroplex des Hrn Swainson seyn." (Voigt in Cuvier 1831, Das Thierreich, I, 623-625) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Dendroplex Swainson, Zool. Journ., 3, Dec., 1827, p. 354, generic characters only. Type, by subsequent designation, "D. guttatus Spix, 1, 91, f. 1." = Dendrocolaptes ocellatus Spix 1 (Swainson, Classif. Bds., 2, 1837, p. 314). ... 1 At its first publication Dendroplex was characterized by a diagnosis only, no species were included nor type designated. When the name next appeared ten years later the diagnosis was accompanied by an outline of the bill and the type given as "D. guttatus Spix, 1, 91, f. 1" Spix's poor figure however represents the bird now known as Xiphorhynchus ocellatus (Spix), but Hellmayr argues that Swainson erred in misidentifying Spix's figure with Oriolus picus Gmelin which was apparently the species Swainson had in mind when he first diagnosed Dendroplex and which at that time was the only species in this group answering the generic characters. However under Opinion 65 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature Xiphorhynchus ocellatus (Spix) is the type of Dendroplex unless the case with full details concerning the alleged misidentification is submitted to the Commission and that body rules that Oriolus picus Gmelin is actually the type." (Peters, 1951, VII, 36); "DENDROPLEX Swainson, 1827 M— Dendroplex guttatus von Spix, 1824, misidentified = Oriolus picus J. F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent monotypy (Swainson, 1837, Natural History and Classification of Birds, 2, p. 314)." (Dickinson and Christidis (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2014, 2 (Passerines), p. 115).
• (Furnariidae; syn. Xiphorhynchus † Ocellated Woodcreeper X. ocellatus) (see above.)
Louis-Charles Kiener (1799-1881) French zoologist, conchologist (Dendroplex, Lophotriorchis).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)