Andaman Crake / Rallina canningi
Protonym: Euryzona canningi Ibis p.119
Taxonomy: Gruiformes / Rallidae / Rallina
Taxonomy Code: andcra1
Type Locality: Andaman Islands; type from Port Canning.
Publish Year: 1863
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Rallidae; † Red-legged Crake R. fasciata) Dim. < genus Rallus Linnaeus, 1758, rail; "CORETHRURA Reich. * ... 1. C. zeylanica (Gmel.) Brown's Ill. pl. 37. 2. C. fasciata (Raffl.) Linn. Trans. xiii. p. 328. — Gallinula euryzona Temm. Pl. col. 417.; Rallus ruficeps Cuv.; Type of Rallina Reich. 1845. ... * Established by M. Reichenbach in 184-? Rallina of the same author is synonymous." (G. Gray 1846); Reichenbach's 1849, plate XX, labelled Heliorninae-Rallinae, shows a variety of marshbirds, including various crakes, finfoots, the Limpkin and the Sun-bittern; "Rallina "Reichenbach" G. R. Gray, Gen. Bds., 3, 1846, p. 595. Type, by original designation, Rallus fasciatus Raffles." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 171) (cf. "1846. —Rallina Gray, Gen. Birds, III, p. 595 (type R. zeylanicus Gm. (nec Rallina Reich.)." (Stone, 1894, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, XLVI, p. 141). J. Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., I (ii), p. 716, in describing Rallus zeylanicus, confused and mixed up the text and plates from P. Brown, 1776, New Illustrations of Zoology, p. 94, pl. xxxvii (The Rail), and p. 96, pl. xxxviii (Rail). Gmelin's description does not apply to the Slaty-legged Crake, for which Rallus eurizonoides de La Fresnaye, 1845, must be used. Tweeddale, 1877, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 768, suggests that Brown's Rail is possibly the Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadiceus.
Synon. Castanolimnas, Corethrura, Euryzona, Tomirdus.
• (Rallidae; syn. Aramides † Grey-necked Wood Rail A. cajaneus) "Genera et Species typicae. ... d. *Rallina Rchb. maxima (Rall. — us Vieill.) R. Tab. XX. Caput, ala, pes." (Reichenbach 1853); "Rallina has been employed by various authors for a variety of species. Reichenbach  first proposed the name in his Synopsis Avium, Vol. III, Rasores, Fam. Rallinæ, including under it a large number of species, and it has been generally used since for the Rails allied to R. euryzona. It seems, however, that no type was cited for the genus until the appearance of Reichenbach's  Systema in which he restricts the name to the South American species allied to R. maximus, this species being the type. Unfortunately this species had already been made the type of the genus Aramides, so that Rallina becomes a synonym of this latter genus and we must adopt the name Euryzona Bonap. for the Rails allied to R. euryzona" (Stone, 1894, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, XLVI, p. 134).
Charles John Canning Earl Canning (1812-1862) Gov.-Gen. of India 1856-1862 (Rallina).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)