Arctic Tern / Sterna paradisaea

Arctic Tern / Sterna paradisaea

Arctic Tern

SCI Name:  Sterna paradisaea
Protonym:  Sterna Paradisaea Dansk.Atlas 1 p.622
Category:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  arcter
Type Locality:  No type locality = Christiansoe, Denmark, ex Brünnich, Orn. Boreal., 1764, p. 46.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1763
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

STERNA
(Laridae; Ϯ Common Tern S. hirundo) Old English names Stern, Stearn or Starn for the Black Tern (cf. Swedish Tärna; Norwegian Terne); "70. STERNA.  Rostrum edentulum, subulatum, rectum, acutum apice compressiusculo.  Nares lineares." (Linnaeus 1758); "Sterna Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 137. Type, by tautonymy, Sterna hirundo Linné (Sterna, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 331). Linnaeus's Sterna comprised three species (S. stolida, S. Hirundo, S. nigra).
Var. SteniaTerna.
Synon. Chelido, Gygisterna, Potamochelidon, Pseudosterna, Seena, Thalassaea.

sterna
Mod. L. sterna tern.

PARADISAEA
(Paradisaeidae; Ϯ Greater Bird-of-Paradise P. apoda) Late L. paradisus  paradise  < Gr. παραδεισος paradeisos  paradise, pleasure ground (of the Persian kings) < Old Persian pairi-daēza  walled garden; Magellan’s sailors were told by Moluccan natives that the exotic birds-of-paradise came from heaven, being called ‘birds of god’ (see apoda); "51. PARADISÆA.  Rostrum basi plumis tomentosis tectum.  Pennæ hypochondriorum longiores." (Linnaeus 1758); "Paradisaea Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 110. Type, by subsequent designation (Gray, 1840, p. 39), P. apoda Linnaeus." (Mayr in Peters 1962, XV, 199). Linnaeus's Paradisaea comprised two species (P. apoda, P. regia) (Cracraft 1992, recognised fourteen phylogenetic species herein). 
Var. Paradisea, Paradisia.
Synon. Manucodiata, Samalia, Trichoparadisea, Uranornis.

paradisaea / paradisaeus
Med. L. paradiseus  of paradise, paradisean, ethereal  < Late L. paradisus  paradise.