Auckland Islands Merganser / Mergus australis

Auckland Islands Merganser / Mergus australis

Auckland Islands Merganser

SCI Name:  Mergus australis
Protonym:  Mergus australis Ann.Sci.Nat.Zool.(2), 16 p.320
Category:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  auimer1
Type Locality:  Auckland Islands.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1841
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

MERGUS
(Anatidae; Ϯ Red-breasted Merganser M. serrator) L. mergus  type of waterbird, not further identified, mentioned by Pliny, Terentius Varro and the poet Horatius Flaccus  < mergere  to plunge in; "62. MERGUS.  Rostrum denticulatum, subulato-cylindricum apice adunco." (Linnaeus 1758); "Mergus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p. 129. Type, by subsequent designation (Eyton, 1838, Monogr. Anatidae, p. 76), Mergus castor Linnaeus = Mergus serrator Linnaeus." (Johnsgard in Peters 1979, I, ed. 2, 496). Linnaeus's Mergus comprised five species (M. cucullatus, M. Merganser, M. Serrator, M. Albellus, M. minutus).
Var. Mergis.
Synon. Merganser, Prister, Promergus, Serrator.
● (syn. Gavia Ϯ Great Northern Diver G. immer) "Genre de Plongeon.   Genus Mergi.  ...  LE GRAND PLONGEON . . .MERGUS MAJOR" (Brisson 1760); based on "Colymbis" of Gessner 1555, "Colymbus maximus" of Jonston 1650-1653 and other authors, and "Imber" of the Norwegians and Faeroese; "MERGVS. Taucher.  ...  Mergus stellatus. Le petit Plongeon. Gestirnte Halbente.  ...  Mergus septentrionalis. La Plongeon à gorge rouge. Lumme.  ...  Mergus glacialis. Le grand Plongeon tacheté. Hymber." (Schaeffer 1789). 
● (syn. Uria Ϯ Common Guillemot U. aalge) "XIII. Mergus  **Lomvia.   Guillemot.   le Guillemot" (Tunstall 1771 (ed. Newton 1880)).

australe / australis
L. australis  southern  < auster, austri  south.
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Thorn-tailed Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Aphrastura spinicauda).
● Cayenne; ex “Southern Sandpiper” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Calidris canutus).
● Erroneous TL "Friendly Islands" (= Tasmania); ex "South-Sea Raven" of Latham 1781 (syn. Corvus coronoides).
● Erroneous TL. New Guinea (= Luzon, Philippines); ex “Manikor de la Nouvelle Guinée” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Dicaeum).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Snipe” of Latham 1801 (syn. Gallinago hardwickii).
● Australia; ex “Pacific Paroquet (var.)” of Phillip 1789 (syn. Glossopsitta concinna).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Pelican” of Latham 1824 (syn. Pelecanus conspicillatus).
● Australia; ex “Cold-river Goatsucker” of Latham 1823 (syn. Podargus strigoides).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Quail” of Latham 1802 (Synoicus).
● Tasmania; ex Brown MS (syn. Lathamus discolor).
● Dusky Sound, New Zealand (syn. Nestor meridionalis).
● Staten I., off Tierra del Fuego (= Isla de los Estados, Argentina); ex “Statenland Eagle” of Latham 1781 (Phalcoboenus).
● Christmas I.; ex "Southern Tern" of Latham 1785 (syn. Procelsterna caerulea) (so identified by Stresemann 1950).
● Kerguelen I.; ex “Southern Tern” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Sterna vittata).
● Madagascar; ex “Palumbus viridis Madagascariensis” of Brisson 1760 (Treron).
● Erroneous TL. Sandwich Is. (= Samoa); ex “Blue-crested Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (Vini).
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Rusty-collared Finch” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Zonotrichia capensis).