Bachman’s Warbler / Vermivora bachmanii
Protonym: Sylvia Bachmanii BirdsAm. 2 pl.185 Orn.Biog. 2(1834) p.483
Taxonomy: Passeriformes / Parulidae / Vermivora
Taxonomy Code: bacwar
Type Locality: no locality; a few miles from Charleston, South Carolina, designated by Audubon, 1835, Ornith. Biogr., 2, p. 483.
Publish Year: 1833
IUCN Status: Critically Endangered
(Parulidae; Ϯ Blue-winged Warbler V. cyanoptera) L. vermis worm;
-vorus -eating < vorare to devour; "haunts thickets and shrubberies, searching the branches for insects; is fond of visiting gardens, orchards, and willow trees, of gleaning among blossoms, and currant bushes" (Wilson 1810); "G. VERMIVORA. Wilson. Swains. in Zool. Journ. No. 10. 43. Vermivora solitaria. Wilson ii. pl. 15. f.4." (Swainson 1827); "Vermivora Swainson, 1827, Philos. Mag., new ser., 1, p. 434. Type, by monotypy, Sylvia solitaria Wilson = Certhia pinus Linnaeus." (Lowery & Monroe in Peters 1968, XIV, 4); "Linnaeus (1766) proposed Certhia pinus based on two different entities, the Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus) and the Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus). The confusion was noted by Wilson (1808-1814) who restricted Latham's (1790) Sylvia pinus, based on C. pinus, to the Pine Warbler (in 1811) and proposed, as a new species (in 1810), S. solitaria, for the Blue-winged Warbler. Wilson's effective lectotypification, long ignored, following which Bonaparte (1824) unequivocally restricted C. pinus to the Pine Warbler, has resulted in misapplication of C. pinus. The correct name of the Pine Warbler should be Dendroica pinus (Linnaeus) and not D. pinus (Wilson) as in modern lists. Wilson's Sylvia solitaria is unfortunately preoccupied by Sylvia solitaria Lewin 1808 (= Origma solitaria, the Rockwarbler of Australia). A new scientific name [cyanoptera] is provided here for the Blue-winged Warbler because no other is available." (Olson & Reveal 2009).
Synon. Helminthophaga, Helminthophila.
vermivora / vermivorum / vermivorus
L. vermis worm; -vorus -eating < vorare to devour.
● ex “Contramaestre coronado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 153 (syn. Basileuterus auricapillus).
● ex “Ficedula pensilvanica” of Brisson 1760, “Worm-eater” of Edwards 1760, Latham 1783, and Pennant 1785, and “Demi-fin mangeur de vers” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Helmitheros).
bachmani / bachmanii
Revd. Dr John Bachman (1790-1874) US scientist, naturalist, close friend of Audubon (subsp. Haematopus ater, subsp. Peucaea aestivalis, ‡Vermivora).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)