Golden-winged Warbler / Vermivora chrysoptera

Golden-winged Warbler / Vermivora chrysoptera

Golden-winged Warbler

SCI Name:  Vermivora chrysoptera
Protonym:  Motacilla chrysoptera Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.333
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Parulidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gowwar
Type Locality:  Pennsylvania ; restricted to near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Amer. Ornith. Union, 1910, Check-list North Amer. Birds, ed. 3, p. 307
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  


(Parulidae; Ϯ Blue-winged Warbler V. cyanoptera) L. vermis  worm;
-vorus  -eating  < vorare  to devour; "haunts thickets and shrubberies, searching the branches for insects; is fond of visiting gardens, orchards, and willow trees, of gleaning among blossoms, and currant bushes" (Wilson 1810); "G.  VERMIVORA.  Wilson. Swains. in Zool. Journ. No. 10.   43. Vermivora solitaria. Wilson ii. pl. 15. f.4." (Swainson 1827); "Vermivora Swainson, 1827, Philos. Mag., new ser., 1, p. 434. Type, by monotypy, Sylvia solitaria Wilson = Certhia pinus Linnaeus." (Lowery & Monroe in Peters 1968, XIV, 4); "Linnaeus (1766) proposed Certhia pinus based on two different entities, the Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus) and the Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus).  The confusion was noted by Wilson (1808-1814) who restricted Latham's (1790) Sylvia pinus, based on C. pinus, to the Pine Warbler (in 1811) and proposed, as a new species (in 1810), S. solitaria, for the Blue-winged Warbler.  Wilson's effective lectotypification, long ignored, following which Bonaparte (1824) unequivocally restricted C. pinus to the Pine Warbler, has resulted in misapplication of C. pinus.  The correct name of the Pine Warbler should be Dendroica pinus (Linnaeus) and not D. pinus (Wilson) as in modern lists.  Wilson's Sylvia solitaria is unfortunately preoccupied by Sylvia solitaria Lewin 1808 (= Origma solitaria, the Rockwarbler of Australia).  A new scientific name [cyanoptera] is provided here for the Blue-winged Warbler because no other is available." (Olson & Reveal 2009).
Synon. Helminthophaga, Helminthophila.

vermivora / vermivorum / vermivorus
L. vermis  worm; -vorus  -eating  < vorare  to devour.
● ex “Contramaestre coronado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 153 (syn. Basileuterus auricapillus).
● ex “Ficedula pensilvanica” of Brisson 1760, “Worm-eater” of Edwards 1760, Latham 1783, and Pennant 1785, and “Demi-fin mangeur de vers” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Helmitheros).

chrysoptera / chrysopterum
Gr. χρυσοπτερος khrusopteros  golden-winged  < χρυσος khrusos  gold; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Yellow-winged Creeper” of Latham 1787 (syn. Cinnyris asiaticus).
● ex "Orange-winged Nuthatch" of Latham 1801 (Daphoenositta).
● ex “Yellow-winged Bunting” of Portlock 1789 (syn. Melanodera melanodera).
● "114. MOTACILLA.  ...  chrysoptera.  20. M. fusca, subtus alba, pileo maculaque alarum luteis, gula nigra.  Motacilla alis aureis. Edw. av. - - t. 299.  Habitat in Pensylvania.  Pileus fulvus. Macula pone oculos gulaque nigra. Linea alba supra infraque oculos. Tectrices alarum luteæ, maculam magnam constituentes." (Linnaeus 1766) (Vermivora).