Eurasian Moorhen / Gallinula chloropus

Eurasian Moorhen / Gallinula chloropus

Eurasian Moorhen

SCI Name:  Gallinula chloropus
Protonym:  Fulica Chloropus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.152
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  commoo3
Type Locality:  Europe; restricted type locality, England, ex reference to Albin.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALLINULA
(Rallidae; Ϯ Common Moorhen G. chloropus) Late Med. L. gallinula  moorhen or waterhen, so named for its cocked tail and halting progress  < L. gallinula  little hen, chicken  < dim. gallina  hen   < gallus  cockerel; "Gallinula. Genus 88.  ...  **1. LA POULE-D'EAU ...  GALLINULA.  ...  Elle est à peu près de la grosseur d'une petite Poule.  ...  On les trouve dans les rivieres & les étangs. Elles font leur nid dans les broussailles qui se trouvent sur leurs bords" (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallinula Chloropus" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, and many other authors, and Fulica Chloropus Linnaeus, 1758; "Gallinula Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 50; 6, p. 2. Type, by tautonymy, Gallinula Brisson = Fulica chloropus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 202).  This genus formerly included Paragallinula, Porphyriops, Porphyriornis and Tribonyx.  
Var. CallinulaGalinula.
Synon. Hydrogallina, Stagnicola.

gallinula
Late Med. L. gallinula  moorhen or waterhen  < L. gallinula  little hen  < dim. gallina  hen  < gallus  cockerel.
● ex “Gallinago minima” of Belon 1555, “Gid,” “Jack-Snipe” or “Judcock” of Ray 1713, and “Petite Beccassine” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Lymnocryptes minima).

chloropus
Gr. χλωρος khlōros  green; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.
● "82. FULICA.  ...  Chloropus.  2. F. fronte calva, corpore nigro, digitis simplicibus.  Gallinula Chloropus. Alb. av. 2. p. 66. t. 72. & 3. p. 86. t. 91. Raj. av. 113.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Gallinula).

SUBSPECIES

Eurasian Moorhen (chloropus)
SCI Name: Gallinula chloropus chloropus
chloropus
Gr. χλωρος khlōros  green; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.
● "82. FULICA.  ...  Chloropus.  2. F. fronte calva, corpore nigro, digitis simplicibus.  Gallinula Chloropus. Alb. av. 2. p. 66. t. 72. & 3. p. 86. t. 91. Raj. av. 113.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Gallinula).

Eurasian Moorhen (meridionalis)
SCI Name: Gallinula chloropus meridionalis
meridionale / meridionalis
L. meridionalis  southern  < meridies  south.
● Cayenne; ex “Rufous-headed Falcon” of Latham 1787 (Heterospizias).
● South Island, New Zealand; ex “Southern brown Parrot” of Latham 1781 (Nestor).
● Erroneous TL. Bahamas (= Trinidad) (syn. Trogon violaceus).

Eurasian Moorhen (pyrrhorrhoa)
SCI Name: Gallinula chloropus pyrrhorrhoa
pyrrhorrhoa
Gr. πυρρος purrhos  flame-coloured, red  < πυρ pur, πυρος puros  fire; ορρος orrhos  rump.

Eurasian Moorhen (orientalis)
SCI Name: Gallinula chloropus orientalis
orientale / orientalis
L. orientalis  eastern, oriental  < oriens, orientis  east.
Asia; ex “Anser moschoviticus” of Albin 1731-1738, and “Anser chinensis” of Linnaeus 1747 (syn. Anser cygnoides).
● India; ex Ardea antigone Linnaeus, 1758, “Grus orientalis” of Brisson 1760, and “Indian Crane” of Latham 1785 (syn. Antigone antigone).
 East Indies (= Seram and New Guinea); ex “Casoar des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 313 (syn. Casuarius casuarius).
● India; ex “Eastern Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Eclectus roratus).
● East Indies (= Amboina); ex “Coucou noir des Indes” (= ♂) and “Coucou tacheté des Indes” (=♀) of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● East Indies (=Java); ex “Rollier des Indes” of Brisson 1760 (Eurystomus).
● East Indies; ex “Merula indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle des Indes Orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 273, fig. 2, and “Ash-rumped Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Lalage nigra).
● India; ex “Indian Bee-eater” and “Coromandel Bee-eater” of Latham 1782-1787 (Merops).
● Asia; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus” of previous authors (syn. Pelecanus onocrotalus).
● "91. TETRAO.  ...  orientalis.  12. T. pedibus antice pilosis: abdomine gulaque atra, collari ferrugineo, cauda cuneiformi.  Tetrao orientalis. Hasselq. it. 278. n. 43.  Perdix damascena. Will. orn. 128.  Francolin. Tournef. it. I. p. 158. t. 158.  Habitat in Oriente." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pterocles).
● China; ex “Tourterelle brune de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Chinese Turtle” of Latham 1783 (Streptopelia).
● China; ex “China Owl” of Latham 1801 (syn. Strix seloputo).

Eurasian Moorhen (guami)
SCI Name: Gallinula chloropus guami
guami
Guam I., Pacific Ocean.