Fulmar Prion / Pachyptila crassirostris

Fulmar Prion / Pachyptila crassirostris

Fulmar Prion

SCI Name:  Pachyptila crassirostris
Protonym:  Pseudoprion turtur crassirostris BirdsAustr.[Mathews] 2 p.221
Category:  Procellariiformes / Procellariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  fulpri1
Type Locality:  Bounty Island.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1912
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PACHYPTILA
(Procellariidae; Ϯ Broad-billed Prion P. vittata) Gr. παχυς pakhus  dense, thick; πτιλον ptilon  feather, plumage; "GENUS 132.  PACHYPTILA (παχυς densus  πτιλον pluma) (Flaumtaucher Germ.)  Rostrum mediocre, latum, rectum, depressum, maxillae parte culminali, paratonis, dertro distinctis, dertro uncinato, mandibulae myxa compressa apice trnncata [sic]. Tomia externa acuta integerrima, interna pectinata.  Nares versus basin positae, tubulosae, distinctae, tubulo brevi aut perpendiculari aut obliquo, antrorsum et sursum patentes.  Lingua crassa, carnosa, conica.  Alae elongatae. Ptilosis plumis duplicatis.  Pedes breves, aversi, congrui, palmati, tridactyli et ungue hallucari.  Ungues falculares, concavi, hallucaris conicus.  Tarsus digito medio aliquantum brevior.  Tarsotheca granulata.   Species: Procellaria vittata, caerulea Lin Gmel.   Annot. Hujus et reliquorum ejusdem familiae generum characteres, quantum licuit, e descriptionibus R. Forsteri manu scriptis collegi.  Praeter Procellarias nullam hujus tribus avem ipse quidem vidi, et Haladromae et Pachyptilae pecularia genera justo titulo sibi poscere visa sunt." (Illiger 1811); "Pachyptila Illiger, 1811, Prodromus Syst. Mammalium Avium, p. 274. Type, by subsequent designation (Selby, 1840, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Types Class Aves, p. 49), Procellaria forsteri Latham = Procellaria vittata G. Forster." (Jouanin & Mougin in Peters 1979, 1, 2nd ed., 79). 
Synon. Attaprion, Fulmariprion, Heteroprion, Priamphus, Prion, Pseudoprion, Salviprion.

crassirostra / crassirostre / crassirostris
L. crassus  thick, heavy; -rostris  -billed  < rostrum  beak.
● ex “Coucou à Gros Bec” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 214 (syn. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● ex “Alouette à Gros Bec” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 193 (syn. Galerida magnirostris).
● ex “Thick-billed Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (Oryzoborus).
● ex “Thick-billed Thrush” of Latham 1783 (‡syn. Turnagra capensis).

SUBSPECIES

Fulmar Prion (crassirostris)
SCI Name: Pachyptila crassirostris crassirostris
crassirostra / crassirostre / crassirostris
L. crassus  thick, heavy; -rostris  -billed  < rostrum  beak.
● ex “Coucou à Gros Bec” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 214 (syn. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● ex “Alouette à Gros Bec” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 193 (syn. Galerida magnirostris).
● ex “Thick-billed Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (Oryzoborus).
● ex “Thick-billed Thrush” of Latham 1783 (‡syn. Turnagra capensis).

Fulmar Prion (pyramidalis)
SCI Name: Pachyptila crassirostris pyramidalis
pyramidalis
Med. L. pyramidalis  pyramidal, of a pyramid  < L. pyramis, pyramidis  pyramid  < Gr. πυραμις puramis, πυραμιδος puramidos  pyramid.
● The Pyramid, Chatham Is., New Zealand (subsp. Pachyptila crassirostris).

Fulmar Prion (flemingi)
SCI Name: Pachyptila crassirostris flemingi
flemingi
● James Henry Fleming (1872-1940) Canadian ornithologist, collector, President of the AOU 1932-1935 (syn. Dendragapus obscurus richardsonii).
● Sir Charles Alexander Fleming (1916-1987) New Zealand ornithologist, geologist, conservationist (subsp. Pachyptila crassirostris).
● “The small species of reed-bird that Mr Fleming, R.A., brought from Tientsin in 1861” (Swinhoe 1870) (syn. Phylloscopus schwarzi).
● Dr Robert Leland Fleming, Sr. (1905-1987) US physician, missionary and teacher in India and Nepal, ornithologist (syn. Trochalopteron affine).