Common Gallinule / Gallinula galeata

Common Gallinule / Gallinula galeata

Common Gallinule

SCI Name:  Gallinula galeata
Protonym:  Crex galeata Verz.ausgestop.Saug.Vog. p.36 Concept
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  comgal1
Type Locality:  Paraguay, ex Azara.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1818
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALLINULA
(Rallidae; Ϯ Common Moorhen G. chloropus) Late Med. L. gallinula  moorhen or waterhen, so named for its cocked tail and halting progress  < L. gallinula  little hen, chicken  < dim. gallina  hen   < gallus  cockerel; "Gallinula. Genus 88.  ...  **1. LA POULE-D'EAU ...  GALLINULA.  ...  Elle est à peu près de la grosseur d'une petite Poule.  ...  On les trouve dans les rivieres & les étangs. Elles font leur nid dans les broussailles qui se trouvent sur leurs bords" (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallinula Chloropus" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, and many other authors, and Fulica Chloropus Linnaeus, 1758; "Gallinula Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 50; 6, p. 2. Type, by tautonymy, Gallinula Brisson = Fulica chloropus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 202).  This genus formerly included Paragallinula, Porphyriops, Porphyriornis and Tribonyx.  
Var. CallinulaGalinula.
Synon. Hydrogallina, Stagnicola.

gallinula
Late Med. L. gallinula  moorhen or waterhen  < L. gallinula  little hen  < dim. gallina  hen  < gallus  cockerel.
● ex “Gallinago minima” of Belon 1555, “Gid,” “Jack-Snipe” or “Judcock” of Ray 1713, and “Petite Beccassine” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Lymnocryptes minima).

galeata / galeatum / galeatus
L. galeatus  helmeted  < galea  helmet (usually refers to a full and conspicuous crest).
● ex “Red-crowned Parrot” of Latham 1802 (syn. Callocephalon fimbriatum).
● ex “Galeated Cassowary” of Latham 1785 (syn. Casuarius casuarius).
● ex “Gobe-mouche huppé de Madagascar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 189, and “Drongo” of de Buffon 1770-1786 (syn. Dicrurus forficatus).
● ex “Yahaná” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 379 (Gallinula).
● (syn. Knipolegus lophotes) (= ♀).
● (syn. Knipolegus nigerrimus) (= ♂).
● ex "Figuier huppé de Cayenne" of d'Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 391, fig. 1 (Lophotriccus).
● ex “Hocco du Méxique” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Pauxi pauxi).
● ex “Calao à casque rond” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 933, and “Helmet Hornbill” of Latham 1781 (syn. Rhinoplax vigil).

SUBSPECIES

Common Gallinule (American)
SCI Name: Gallinula galeata [galeata Group]
GALLINULA
(Rallidae; Ϯ Common Moorhen G. chloropus) Late Med. L. gallinula  moorhen or waterhen, so named for its cocked tail and halting progress  < L. gallinula  little hen, chicken  < dim. gallina  hen   < gallus  cockerel; "Gallinula. Genus 88.  ...  **1. LA POULE-D'EAU ...  GALLINULA.  ...  Elle est à peu près de la grosseur d'une petite Poule.  ...  On les trouve dans les rivieres & les étangs. Elles font leur nid dans les broussailles qui se trouvent sur leurs bords" (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallinula Chloropus" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, and many other authors, and Fulica Chloropus Linnaeus, 1758; "Gallinula Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 50; 6, p. 2. Type, by tautonymy, Gallinula Brisson = Fulica chloropus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 202).  This genus formerly included Paragallinula, Porphyriops, Porphyriornis and Tribonyx.  
Var. CallinulaGalinula.
Synon. Hydrogallina, Stagnicola.

Common Gallinule (Altiplano)
SCI Name: Gallinula galeata garmani
garmani
Dr Samuel Walton Garman (1843-1927) US zoologist, taxonomist, collector in the Caribbean and Neotropics (subsp. Gallinula galeata).

Common Gallinule (Hawaiian)
SCI Name: Gallinula galeata sandvicensis
sandvicensis / sandvichensis / sandwichensis
● Sandwich I. (= Faté = Efaté), New Hebrides (subsp. Chalcophaps longirostris).
Sandwich Is. (= Hawaiian Is.) (named after John Montagu 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792) First Lord of the Admiralty 1771-1782); ex “Sandwich Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (Chasiempis).
● Sandwich Is. (= Hawaiian Is.); ex “Sandwich Thrush” (= ☼) of Latham 1783 (syn. Chasiempis sandwichensis).
● Unalaska I. and Sandwich Sound, Alaska (cf. “Named after Sandwich Island, one of the Kurile or Aleutian Archipelago” (Coues 1882)); ex “Unalaska Bunting” of Pennant 1785, and “Sandwich Bunting” of Latham 1785 (Passerculus).
● Sandwich, Kent, England; ex “Sandwich Tern” of Latham 1785 (Thalasseus).
● Sandwich Is. (= Hawaiian Is.); ex "Sandwich Rail" of Latham 1785 (‡Zapornia).