Black-headed Parrot / Pionites melanocephalus

Black-headed Parrot / Pionites melanocephalus

Black-headed Parrot

SCI Name:  Pionites melanocephalus
Protonym:  Psittacus melanocephalus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.102
Category:  Psittaciformes / Psittacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blhpar4
Type Locality:  Mexico = Caracas, i.e. Venezuela, ex Edwards, pi. 169.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PIONITES
(Psittacidae; Ϯ Black-headed Parrot P. melanocephalus) Genus Pionus Wagler, 1832, parrot; Gr. -ιτης -itēs  resembling; "Genus Pionites Heine [Caica (!) Less. 1831]." (Heine 1890); a purist replacement name; "Pionites Heine, in Heine and Reichenow, Nomencl. Mus. Hein. Orn., 1890, p. 231.1  Type, by subsequent designation, Psittacus melanocephalus Linné. (Salvadori, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 20, 1891, p. 358.)  ...   1 Pionites Heine is a substitute name for "Caica Lesson, 1831," which, however was then employed only in the vernacular sense, "Les Caïcas," for a group of four species viz— Psittacus pileatus Gmelin, Psittacus vulturinus Kuhl, Psittacus melanocephalus Linné and Psittacus leucogaster Kuhl. Lesson did not use Caïca in a nomenclatural sense until 1842, and when he did so it was for a species quite different from any of the foregoing. Bonaparte used Caica in 1850 as the generic name of Psittacus melanocephalus Linné, but this action was of course invalid by reason of Caïca Lesson 1842." (Peters 1937, III, 210).
Synon. Caica.

melanocephala / melanocephalon / melanocephalos / melanocephalum / melanocephalus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; -κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.
● ex “Black-headed Shrike” of Latham 1783 (syn. Brachypodius atriceps).
● ex “Pato cabeza negra” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 438 (syn. Heteronetta atricapilla).
● ex “Manakin à tête noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 303, fig. 1 (syn. Manacus manacus).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  melanocephalus.  33. P. brachiurus viridis subtus luteus, pileo nigro, pectore albo. Mus. Ad. Fr. 2. p.  Psittacus coccineus, ventre albo. Edw. av. 169. t. 169.  Habitat in Mexico." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pionites).
● "96. LOXIA.  ...  melanocephala.  26. L. lutea, capite atro.  Coccothraustes gambogia. Alb. av. 3. p. 58. t. 62.  Habitat in Gvinea." (Linnaeus 1758) (Ploceus).
● ex “Pluvian du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 918, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Black-headed Plover” of Latham 1785 (syn. Pluvianus aegyptius).
● ex “Black-headed Ibis” of Latham 1787, and “Tantalus de Macé” of Cuvier 1804 (Threskiornis).
● ex “Black-headed Roller” of Latham 1787 (syn. Urocissa erythrorhyncha).
● ex “Pie Bleue à Tête Noire” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 58 (unident.; ?syn. Urocissa sp.).

SUBSPECIES

Black-headed Parrot (melanocephalus)
SCI Name: Pionites melanocephalus melanocephalus
melanocephala / melanocephalon / melanocephalos / melanocephalum / melanocephalus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; -κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.
● ex “Black-headed Shrike” of Latham 1783 (syn. Brachypodius atriceps).
● ex “Pato cabeza negra” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 438 (syn. Heteronetta atricapilla).
● ex “Manakin à tête noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 303, fig. 1 (syn. Manacus manacus).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  melanocephalus.  33. P. brachiurus viridis subtus luteus, pileo nigro, pectore albo. Mus. Ad. Fr. 2. p.  Psittacus coccineus, ventre albo. Edw. av. 169. t. 169.  Habitat in Mexico." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pionites).
● "96. LOXIA.  ...  melanocephala.  26. L. lutea, capite atro.  Coccothraustes gambogia. Alb. av. 3. p. 58. t. 62.  Habitat in Gvinea." (Linnaeus 1758) (Ploceus).
● ex “Pluvian du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 918, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Black-headed Plover” of Latham 1785 (syn. Pluvianus aegyptius).
● ex “Black-headed Ibis” of Latham 1787, and “Tantalus de Macé” of Cuvier 1804 (Threskiornis).
● ex “Black-headed Roller” of Latham 1787 (syn. Urocissa erythrorhyncha).
● ex “Pie Bleue à Tête Noire” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 58 (unident.; ?syn. Urocissa sp.).

Black-headed Parrot (pallidus)
SCI Name: Pionites melanocephalus pallidus
pallidum / pallidus
L. pallidus  pallid, pale, wan, sallow  < pallere  to be pale.
● ex “Pale Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Turdus).