Scale-breasted Woodpecker / Celeus grammicus

Scale-breasted Woodpecker / Celeus grammicus

Scale-breasted Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Celeus grammicus
Protonym:  Picus grammicus Mem.Soc.R.Sci.Liege 2 p.69
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  scbwoo5
Type Locality:  Brazil ; Marabitanas, upper Rio Negro, designated by Naumburg, antea, p. 183.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1845
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CELEUS
(Picidae; Ϯ Blond-crested Woodpecker C. flavescens) Gr. κελεος keleos  green woodpecker (cf. Gr. myth. Celeus, king of Eleusis, proverbial for his rustic dress and love of agricultural pursuits); "Celeus für die americanischen P. flavescens, P. exalbidus, P. ochraceus Spix, P. cinnamomeus Lath., P. brunneus Licht., P. tinunculus Wagl., badioides Less. centu. p. 14, denen vielleicht asiatische beyzugesellen.  Ein Mitkennzeichen für die Gattung gibt die Holle der meisten Arten, die aus mit ordentlichen Schäften und Fahnen versehenen Federn gebildet ist, ab. Viele andere Arten müssen einstweilig unter dem Namen Picus vereinigt bleiben" (Boie 1831); "Celeus Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 542. Type, by subsequent designation, C. flavescens (Gm.) = Picus flavescens Gmelin. (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 55.)" (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 122).
Synon. Celeopicos, Cerchneipicus, Cerchneopipo, Crocomorphus, Malacolophus, Xanthopicus.
● See: Cela

Cela
Gr. κελης kelēs, κελητος kelētos  courser, race-horse  < κελλω kellō  to drive on.
• (Casuariidae; syn. Casuarius Double-wattled Cassowary C. casuarius) "56. KASUARIS, in 't Lat. Cela   Casuarius. by LINNÆUS. gesl. 63.  Emeu. by CLUSIUS. Exot. L. v. c. 3.  Casuel. by PERR. Mem. des Anim. 184.  ... † Deeze vogel gelykt meer naar een Kasuaris dan naar een Struis. Hy heeft, zegt RAY, aan den voet vier vingeren, drie van vooren en éénen van agteren, die dik en rond is" (Moehring 1758); "b. Ohne Hinterzehe, Wadfüße, Schn. mäßig.  2. Gattung. Cela, Eme, Kasuar, Kasuel  ...  1. Art. Gem. Eme, Struthio Casuarius, Cela  ...  2. Art. Neu-Holländischer Eme" (Oken 1816); "Cela Oken, 1816, Lehrbuch Naturgesch., III, Zool. (2), p. 646.  Alternative name for Casuarius Brisson, 1760." (JAJ 2021).
• (Otididae; syn. Chlamydotis † Houbara Bustard C. undulata) "XIII. Tribu. ——  OISEAUX SENSIERS.  OUTARDES.   ...   3. O. nasier.  Otis.    4. O. oreillier.  Cela." (Oken, 1821, Esquisse du système d'anatomie, de physiologie et d'histoire naturelle, p. 60 (nom. nud.).  For the purposes of The Key only, the implied type is here fixed by subsequent designation, "O. oreillier" of Oken = Psophia undulata von Jacquin, 1784." (JAJ 2021).
• ‡ (Emeidae; syn. Euryapteryx Broad-billed Moa E. curtus) "Genera et Species typicae   ...   1. x Cela (MÖHRING)  curta (Dinornis curtus Owen Zool. Transact. III. 327. pl. 47 et 48.) R." (Reichenbach 1853); "Cela Reichenbach, 1853 (not of Moehring, 1758, nor of Oken, 1816, nor of Illiger, 1826 (nom. dub.)), Avium Systema Naturale, p. XXX.  Type, by original designation, Dinornis curtus Owen, 1846." (JAJ 2020) (see Emeus).
Var. Celeus.

grammicus
L. grammicus  lettered, lined  < Gr. γραμμικος grammikos  linear  < γραμμη grammē  line  < γραφω graphō  to write.

Grammicus
Gr. γραμμικος grammikos  engraved, inscribed, lined  < γραμμη grammē  line  < γραφω graphō  to write.
• (Bucerotidae; syn. Lophoceros † Congo Pied Hornbill L. fasciatus) "15. GRAMMICUS, Reich. — 37. fasciatus, Shaw. — 38. nasutus, L. — 39? hastatus, Cuv. (Levaill., t. 237.) — 40. limbatus, Rupp." (Bonaparte 1854); "Grammicus "Reich." Bonaparte, 1854, Conspectus Volucrum Anisodactylorum, p. 3 (not of Reichenbach, 1849).  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 149), Buceros fasciatus Shaw, 1812." (JAJ 2021).
• (Bucerotidae; syn. Lophoceros African Grey Hornbill L. nasutus ) Reichenbach's 1849, plate XLIX, labelled Levirostres: Bucerotinae, shows the white ridges on the lower mandible of what appears to be an adult female of this hornbill; "Grammicus Reichenbach, 1849, Avium Systema Naturale, pl. XLIX (no specific names given).  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 84), Buceros poecilorhynchus de La Fresnaye, 1839 = Buceros nasutus Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2021).

SUBSPECIES

Scale-breasted Woodpecker (grammicus)
SCI Name: Celeus grammicus grammicus
grammicus
L. grammicus  lettered, lined  < Gr. γραμμικος grammikos  linear  < γραμμη grammē  line  < γραφω graphō  to write.

Scale-breasted Woodpecker (verreauxii)
SCI Name: Celeus grammicus verreauxii
verreauxii / verreauxius / verreauxorum
● Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) French natural history dealer, collector (subsp. Alcedo meninting, Aquila, Carpodacus, ?syn. Graminicola bengalensis, syn. Hypargos margaritatus, subsp. Tauraco macrorhynchus, subsp. Turdus libonyanus, syn. Vidua paradisaea).
● Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) and his brothers, Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) and Joseph Aléxis Verreaux (d. 1868) French natural history dealers (Maison Verreaux in Paris) (subsp. Aviceda cuculoides).
● Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) and Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) French natural history dealers (syn. Campylopterus hemileucurus, Trichoglossus x Glossopsittacus hybrid, syn. Verreauxia africana).
● Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) French natural history dealer, collector (subsp. Celeus grammicus, Lophornis).
● see also veroxii

Scale-breasted Woodpecker (subcervinus)
SCI Name: Celeus grammicus subcervinus
subcervinus
L. sub  beneath, somewhat; cervinus  stag-coloured  < cervus  stag.

Scale-breasted Woodpecker (latifasciatus)
SCI Name: Celeus grammicus latifasciatus
latifasciata / latifasciatus
L. latus  broad; Late L. fasciatus  banded  < L. fascia  band, stripe.