Protonym: Thalassidroma castro SketchMadeira p.123
Taxonomy: Procellariiformes / Hydrobatidae / Oceanodroma
Taxonomy Code: barpet
Type Locality: Desertas Islets, Madeira.
Publish Year: 1851
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(syn. Hydrobates Ϯ Fork-tailed Storm-petrel H. furcata) Gr. ωκεανος ōkeanos ocean; -δρομος -dromos -runner < τρεχω trekhō to run; "Genera et Species typicæ. ... d. Oceanodroma Rchb. furcata (Proc. — L. Gm.) Ic. Av. t. 16. ic. 785. t. 18. ic. 2245—46." (Reichenbach 1853); "185. Oceanodroma, Reich. (Thalassidroma, p. Gr.) Rostrum majusculum; tubo nasali recto: alae modicae: cauda furcata: pedes breves, podiis angustis; unguibus parvulis, compressis. Dilute cinereae. M. Atl. et Pac. 2. 1. PROCELLARIA furcata, Gm. ... 2. THALASSIDROMA hornbyi, Gr." (Bonaparte 1857). Var. Oceanododroma, Oceandodroma.
“There is another petrel called by the natives "Roque de Castro," and pronounced "Roque de Crasto," which is likewise an inhabitant of the Dezerta Islands ... I have called it Thallasidroma castro” (Harcourt 1851). The late Alec Zino in litt., told me ‘roque de castro’ means ‘rock of the castle’ in Old Portuguese, but found it difficult to believe that illiterate fishermen would have invented such a meaningless name. He pointed out, however, that the fishermen of the village of Machico on Madeira (one of whose ancestors doubtless supplied Harcourt with his specimen) still habitually metathetize letters in common speech, especially ‘r’ (e.g. Prediz for Perdiz partridge; Trocaz for Torcaz or Torquaz pigeon; Crasto for Castro), and that the name is probably an onomatopoeia for one of the birds’ incessant brooding calls, ‘rrrrrrr oquedecastro.’ (Hydrobates).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)