Barred Owl / Strix varia

Barred Owl / Strix varia

Barred Owl

SCI Name:  Strix varia
Protonym:  Strix varius Fragm.Nat.Hist.Penn. p.11
Category:  Strigiformes / Strigidae /
Taxonomy Code:  brdowl
Type Locality:  Pennsylvania.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1799
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

STRIX
(Strigidae; Ϯ Tawny Owl S. aluco) L. strix, strigis  owl, screech-owl believed to suck the blood of infants  < Gr. στριξ strix, στριγος strigos  owl; "42. STRIX.  Rostrum aduncum (absque cera) basi pennis setaceis tectum.  Caput grande auribus oculisque magnis.  Lingua bifida.  ... Strix differt a Falcone ut Phalæna a Papilione; altera enim diurna, alter nocturnus est. Noctu prædantur aviculis, muribus; die cæcutiunt; pedes lanati ne frigescant; aures amplæ ut percipiant; die aviculis opprobrio expositæ." (Linnaeus 1758); “The type of the genus Strix has by most English authors been considered to be S. flammea [= Tyto alba] of the 12th edition of Linnaeus. This species, however, is not found in the 10th edition, so that it is necessary to find a type among the species which are included in that edition. An examination of Linnaeus’ descriptions and synonomy shows that the Strix of the older authors is Strix stridula = S. aluco of Linnaeus, viz. the Tawny Owl, so that on the principle of Linnean tautonomy this will be the type” (BOU 1915); "Strix Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 92. Type, by tautonymy, Strix stridula Linné (Strix, prebinomial specific name in synonymy) = Strix aluco Linné." (Peters 1940, IV, 156).  This is the third diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Strix comprised eleven  species (S. Bubo, S. scandiaca, S. Asio, S. Otus, S. Scops, S. Aluco, S. funerea, S. Nyctea, S. stridula, S. Ulula, S. passerina). The hooting cries of the Tawny Owl are commemorated, sometimes fancifully, in literature and song.
Var. Stryx.
Synon. Aluco, Bulaca, Macabra, Meseidus, Myrtha, Nyctimene, Ptynx, Scotiaptex, Syrnium, Tacitathena, Ulula.
● (syn. Tyto Ϯ Common Barn Owl T. alba) "17. STRIX.  Bec alongé, presque droit à la base; narines longitudinales, grandes; oreilles externe grandes et operculées: ongle intermédiaire crénelé sur son bord interne. . . .aigrettes nulles.   ...   GENRE XVII,  STRIX.  ...  ESPÈCE.  STRIX flammea.  L'Effraie." (de Savigny 1809): based on "Strix" of many ancient authors, "Ulula" and "Flammea" of Gessner 1555, "Aluco minor" of Willughby 1676 and Ray 1713, Strix flammea Linnaeus, 1758, "Aluco" of Brisson 1760, and Strix flammea Gmelin, 1788; "Strix Savigny Descr. Égypte Hist. Nat. vol. i. pp. 69, 113, 1809. Type (by monotypy): Strix flammea auct. = Strix alba Scopoli.  Not Strix Linné, Syst. Nat. 10th ed. p. 92, Jan. 1st, 1758." (Mathews 1927, 278).

varia
L. varius  various, diverse, variegated.
● ex “Ispida ex albo et nigro varia” of Brisson 1760, and “Martin-pêcheur huppé du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 716 (syn. Ceryle rudis).
● ex “Roi des Fourmiliers de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 702 (Grallaria).
● ex “Martin-pêcheur huppé du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 716 (syn. Megaceryle maxima).
● "114. MOTACILLA.  ...  varia.  23. M. albo nigroque maculata, fasciis alarum duabus albis, cauda bifida.  Ficedula  dominicensis varia. Briss. av. 3. p. 529. t. 27. f. 5.  Muscicapa fusco & albo varia. Sloan. jam. 2. p. 309. t. 265. f. 1. Raj. av. 186.  Habitat in Jamaica, Dominica." (Linnaeus 1766) (Mniotilta).
ex “Pardali bellonii congener” of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, and “Vanellus varius” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Pluvialis squatarola).
● ex “Motacilla velia” of Desmarest 1805 (syn. Tangara velia).
● ex “Tangara tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 301, fig. 1 (Tangara).
● ex “Varied Parrakeet” of Latham 1785 (syn.Vini peruviana).

SUBSPECIES

Barred Owl (Northern)
SCI Name: Strix varia [varia Group]
STRIX
(Strigidae; Ϯ Tawny Owl S. aluco) L. strix, strigis  owl, screech-owl believed to suck the blood of infants  < Gr. στριξ strix, στριγος strigos  owl; "42. STRIX.  Rostrum aduncum (absque cera) basi pennis setaceis tectum.  Caput grande auribus oculisque magnis.  Lingua bifida.  ... Strix differt a Falcone ut Phalæna a Papilione; altera enim diurna, alter nocturnus est. Noctu prædantur aviculis, muribus; die cæcutiunt; pedes lanati ne frigescant; aures amplæ ut percipiant; die aviculis opprobrio expositæ." (Linnaeus 1758); “The type of the genus Strix has by most English authors been considered to be S. flammea [= Tyto alba] of the 12th edition of Linnaeus. This species, however, is not found in the 10th edition, so that it is necessary to find a type among the species which are included in that edition. An examination of Linnaeus’ descriptions and synonomy shows that the Strix of the older authors is Strix stridula = S. aluco of Linnaeus, viz. the Tawny Owl, so that on the principle of Linnean tautonomy this will be the type” (BOU 1915); "Strix Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 92. Type, by tautonymy, Strix stridula Linné (Strix, prebinomial specific name in synonymy) = Strix aluco Linné." (Peters 1940, IV, 156).  This is the third diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Strix comprised eleven  species (S. Bubo, S. scandiaca, S. Asio, S. Otus, S. Scops, S. Aluco, S. funerea, S. Nyctea, S. stridula, S. Ulula, S. passerina). The hooting cries of the Tawny Owl are commemorated, sometimes fancifully, in literature and song.
Var. Stryx.
Synon. Aluco, Bulaca, Macabra, Meseidus, Myrtha, Nyctimene, Ptynx, Scotiaptex, Syrnium, Tacitathena, Ulula.
● (syn. Tyto Ϯ Common Barn Owl T. alba) "17. STRIX.  Bec alongé, presque droit à la base; narines longitudinales, grandes; oreilles externe grandes et operculées: ongle intermédiaire crénelé sur son bord interne. . . .aigrettes nulles.   ...   GENRE XVII,  STRIX.  ...  ESPÈCE.  STRIX flammea.  L'Effraie." (de Savigny 1809): based on "Strix" of many ancient authors, "Ulula" and "Flammea" of Gessner 1555, "Aluco minor" of Willughby 1676 and Ray 1713, Strix flammea Linnaeus, 1758, "Aluco" of Brisson 1760, and Strix flammea Gmelin, 1788; "Strix Savigny Descr. Égypte Hist. Nat. vol. i. pp. 69, 113, 1809. Type (by monotypy): Strix flammea auct. = Strix alba Scopoli.  Not Strix Linné, Syst. Nat. 10th ed. p. 92, Jan. 1st, 1758." (Mathews 1927, 278).

Barred Owl (Cinereous)
SCI Name: Strix varia sartorii
sartorii
● Florentin Sartorius (1837-1909) German/Mexican collector, son of Carl C. W. Sartorius (Rick Wright in litt.) (syn. Aimophila botterii).
● Prof. Carl Christian Wilhelm Sartorius (1796-1872) German political activist, immigrant to Mexico 1824, mine-owner, botanist, collector (subsp. Strix varia).