Green Sandpiper / Tringa ochropus

Green Sandpiper / Tringa ochropus

Green Sandpiper

SCI Name:  Tringa ochropus
Protonym:  Tringa Ocrophus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.149
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grnsan
Type Locality:  Europe, restricted type locahty, Sweden.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TRINGA
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Green Sandpiper T. ochropus) Late Med. L. tringa name given to the Green Sandpiper by Aldrovandus 1599 < Gr. τρυγγας trungas thrush-sized, white-rumped wading bird that bobs its tail, mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified, but taken by later authors to be a sandpiper, wagtail, or dipper; "78. TRINGA.  Rostrum teretiusculum, longitudine capitis.  Pedes tetradactyli: postico uniarticulato a terra elevato." (Linnaeus 1758); "Tringa Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 148. Type, by tautonymy, Tringa ocrophus Linné (Tringa, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 264). Linnaeus's Tringa comprised thirteen species (T. Pugnax, T. Vanellus, T. Gambetta, T. Interpres, T. tobata, T. Fulicaria, T. alpina, T. Ocrophus, T. Hypoleucos, T. Canutus, T. Glareola, T. littorea, T. Squatarola).  
Var. Trunga, Trynga, Tryngas, Tringra, Trinca, Frinca, Fringa.
Synon. Aegialodes, Carites, Catoptrophorus, Erythroscelus, Gambetta, Glottis, Helodromas, Heteractitis, Heteroscelus, Hodites, Iliornis, Limicula, Nea, Neoglottis, Ochropus, Pseudoglottis, Pseudototanus, Rhyacophilus, Totanus.
● (syn. Calidris Ϯ Red Knot C. canutus) “Type by subsequent designation of Gray (List Gen. Bds. 1st ed. 1840, p. 69): T. canutus Linn. If the method of Linnean tautonymy be followed, the type of the genus must be ... Tringa ochropus Linn.” (BOU 1915).
● (syn. Vanellus Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) "GENUS 115. TRINGA Lin. Cuv. Lath. Dumer.  Vanellus Briss. Bechst. Meyer.  Parra LaCépède. (Kibitz Germ. Vanneau Gall. Lapwing Angl.)  ...  Species: Tringa Vanellus, varia Lin.  Parra Cayennensis Lin Gmel.  Observat: Tota avis, praesertim secundum rostrum, ita similis est Charadriis, ut, demto halluce, discrimen vix restet. Caeterum observo, Tringae characteres a Linnaeo enumeratos, cum solis Vanellis Auctorum quadrare, nec cum Actitibus, quas cum illis confuderat. Nomen Tringae hanc ob caussam Vanellis servandum erat" (Illiger 1811).

ochropus
Gr. ωχρος ōkhros  pale-yellow; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "78. TRINGA.  ...  Ocrophus.  8. Tringa rostri apice punctato, pedibus virescentibus, dorso fusco-viridi nitido. Fn. svec. 146.  Tringa. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 54. Will. orn. 222. t. 55. Raj. av. 108.  Rhodophus s. Ocrophus. Gesn. av. 508. 511. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 39.  Habitat in Europa.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Tringa).

Ochropus
(?syn. Tringa) Specific name Tringa ochropus Linnaeus, 1758 (Rafinesque 1815: see Bynamphus).