Spotted Sandpiper / Actitis macularius

Spotted Sandpiper / Actitis macularius

Spotted Sandpiper

SCI Name:  Actitis macularius
Protonym:  Tringa macularia Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.249
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  sposan
Type Locality:  Europe and North America = Pennsylvania, ex reference to Edwards, pi. 277, f. 2.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ACTITIS
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Common Sandpiper A. hypoleucos) Gr. ακτιτης aktitēs  coast-dweller  < ακτη aktē, ακτης aktēs  coast; ιζω izō  to sit; "GENUS 113. ACTITIS (ακτιτις , ακτιτης  in littore degens) Tringa Briss. Dumer. Bechst. Meyer. Limosa Briss. Totanus Bechst. Meyer. (Strandläufer Germ.  Bécasseau, Barge Gall.  Sandpiper Angl)  ...   Species: Scolopax Limosa, Totanus, Tringa pugnax, Hypoleucos Lin.   Annot. Quomodo Tringas Auctorum ab illorum Totanis seu Limosis distinguam, non video; characteres ad hunc usum enumerati aut vacillant, aut sibi neutiquam contrarii sunt." (Illiger 1811); "Actitis Illiger, Prodromus, 1811, p. 262. Type, by subsequent designation, Tringa hypoleucos Linné. (Stejneger, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 29, 1885, p. 131.)" (Peters 1934, II, 269); "We are not certain that Stejneger's designation is a valid one, as it was determined by elimination." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (3), p. 122).
Var. Actitus, Atites.
Synon. Guinetta, Tringoides.

actitis
Gr. ακτιτης aktitēs  coast-dweller  < ακτη aktē, ακτης aktēs  coast; ιζω izō  to sit.

macularia / macularis / macularius
Mod. L. macularius  spotted  < L. macula  spot.
● ex “Spotted Tringa.  Tringa maculata” of Edwards 1740, and “Turdus aquaticus” of Brisson 1760 (Actitis).