Common Sandpiper / Actitis hypoleucos

Common Sandpiper / Actitis hypoleucos

Common Sandpiper

SCI Name:  Actitis hypoleucos
Protonym:  Tringa Hypoleucos Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.149
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  comsan
Type Locality:  Europe, restricted type locality, Sweden.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ACTITIS
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Common Sandpiper A. hypoleucos) Gr. ακτιτης aktitēs  coast-dweller  < ακτη aktē, ακτης aktēs  coast; ιζω izō  to sit; "GENUS 113. ACTITIS (ακτιτις , ακτιτης  in littore degens) Tringa Briss. Dumer. Bechst. Meyer. Limosa Briss. Totanus Bechst. Meyer. (Strandläufer Germ.  Bécasseau, Barge Gall.  Sandpiper Angl)  ...   Species: Scolopax Limosa, Totanus, Tringa pugnax, Hypoleucos Lin.   Annot. Quomodo Tringas Auctorum ab illorum Totanis seu Limosis distinguam, non video; characteres ad hunc usum enumerati aut vacillant, aut sibi neutiquam contrarii sunt." (Illiger 1811); "Actitis Illiger, Prodromus, 1811, p. 262. Type, by subsequent designation, Tringa hypoleucos Linné. (Stejneger, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 29, 1885, p. 131.)" (Peters 1934, II, 269); "We are not certain that Stejneger's designation is a valid one, as it was determined by elimination." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (3), p. 122).
Var. Actitus, Atites.
Synon. Guinetta, Tringoides.

actitis
Gr. ακτιτης aktitēs  coast-dweller  < ακτη aktē, ακτης aktēs  coast; ιζω izō  to sit.

hypoleucos / hypoleucum
Gr. ὑπο hupo  beneath; λευκος leukos  white (cf. ὑπολευκος hupoleukos  whitish).
● "78. TRINGA.  ...  Hypoleucos.  9. T. rostro lævi, pedibus lividis, corpore cinereo lituris nigris: subtus albo. Fn. svec. 147.  Tringa minor. Will. orn. 223. t. 35. Raj. av. 108.  Gallinula hypoleucos. Gesn. av. 509. Aldr. orn. 3. p. 469.  Habitat in Europa.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Actitis).

Hypoleucus
(syn. Phalacrocorax Ϯ Pied Cormorant P. varius) Gr. ὑπο hupo  beneath; λευκος leukos  white (cf. specific name Carbo hypoleucos von Brandt, 1837 (= syn. Phalacrocorax fuscescens)); "Genera et Species typicae.  ...  b. *Hypoleucus Rchb.  varius (Pelic. — L. Gm.) Rchb.  Ic. Av. t. 63. ic. 474.  Rel. spec. ib. 872—73. 875—876. t. 60. ic. 2309—10." (Reichenbach 1852).  Var. Hypoleucos.