Bicolored Antbird / Gymnopithys bicolor

Bicolored Antbird / Gymnopithys bicolor

Bicolored Antbird

SCI Name:  Gymnopithys bicolor
Protonym:  Pithys bicolor Ann.Lyc.Nat.Hist.N.Y. 8(1867) p.6
Category:  Passeriformes / Thamnophilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  bicant2
Type Locality:  Lion Hill Station, Panama Railroad.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1863
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GYMNOPITHYS
(Thamnophilidae; Ϯ Rufous-throated Antbird G. rufigula) Gr. γυμνος gumnos  bare, naked; genus Pithys Vieillot, 1818, antbird; "Bare orbital ring imparts startled, 'wide-eyed' look" (Hilty 2003); "Myiothereæ.   ...   1264. Gymnopithys, Schiff." (Bonaparte 1854); "TYRANNINÆ   ...   71. Pithys albifrons, Vieill. ex Gm.   72. Gymnopithys pectoralis, Schiff, ex Lath." (Bonaparte 1857); "Gymnopithys Bonaparte,1 Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, 2, 1857, p. 35. Type, by monotypy Gymnopithys pectoralis "Schiff, ex Lath." = Turdus pectoralis Latham = Turdus rufigula Boddaert.   ...   1 This name is a nomen nudum in Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool. (4), 1, 1854, p. 132." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 246). 
Synon. Anoplops.

bicolor
L. bicolor, bicoloris  bicoloured  < bi-  two-  < bis  twice; color, coloris  colour; epithet usually given to spp. with white underparts and contrastingly darker upperparts.
● ex “Crested Titmouse” of Catesby 1731, and “Mésange hupée de la Caroline” of Brisson 1760 (Baeolophus).
● ex “Coucal Noirou” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 220 (syn. Centropus nigrorufus).
● ex “Colibri Nr. 2” of Fermin 1769, “Saphir-émeraude” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Sapphire-and-Emerald Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (Cyanophaia).
● ex “Pic varié de la Encénade” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 748, fig.1, and “Encenada Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (syn. Dendrocopos lignarius).
● ex “Pato roxo y negro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 436 (Dendrocygna).
● ex “Ramier blanc mangeur de muscade de la Nouvelle Guinée” of Sonnerat 1776 (Ducula).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à ventre blanc de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 566, fig. 3, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Black and white Fly-catcher” of Edwards 1758, and Latham 1783 (syn. Fluvicola pica).
● ex "Merle brun du Cap de Bonne Espérance" of de Buffon 1770-1783, and "White-rumped Thrush" of Latham 1783 (Lamprotornis).
● ex "Bahama Sparrow" of Catesby 1731 (Melanospiza).
● ex “Petit Guêpier du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 318 (?syn. Merops hirundineus).
● ex “Guêpier de l’isle de France” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 252 (syn. Merops viridis).
● ex “Schet Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 148 (syn. Terpsiphone mutata).

SUBSPECIES

Bicolored Antbird (olivascens)
SCI Name: Gymnopithys bicolor olivascens
olivascens
Mod. L. olivascens, olivascentis  somewhat olive  < L. oliva  olive.

Bicolored Antbird (bicolor)
SCI Name: Gymnopithys bicolor bicolor
bicolor
L. bicolor, bicoloris  bicoloured  < bi-  two-  < bis  twice; color, coloris  colour; epithet usually given to spp. with white underparts and contrastingly darker upperparts.
● ex “Crested Titmouse” of Catesby 1731, and “Mésange hupée de la Caroline” of Brisson 1760 (Baeolophus).
● ex “Coucal Noirou” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 220 (syn. Centropus nigrorufus).
● ex “Colibri Nr. 2” of Fermin 1769, “Saphir-émeraude” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Sapphire-and-Emerald Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (Cyanophaia).
● ex “Pic varié de la Encénade” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 748, fig.1, and “Encenada Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (syn. Dendrocopos lignarius).
● ex “Pato roxo y negro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 436 (Dendrocygna).
● ex “Ramier blanc mangeur de muscade de la Nouvelle Guinée” of Sonnerat 1776 (Ducula).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à ventre blanc de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 566, fig. 3, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Black and white Fly-catcher” of Edwards 1758, and Latham 1783 (syn. Fluvicola pica).
● ex "Merle brun du Cap de Bonne Espérance" of de Buffon 1770-1783, and "White-rumped Thrush" of Latham 1783 (Lamprotornis).
● ex "Bahama Sparrow" of Catesby 1731 (Melanospiza).
● ex “Petit Guêpier du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 318 (?syn. Merops hirundineus).
● ex “Guêpier de l’isle de France” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 252 (syn. Merops viridis).
● ex “Schet Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 148 (syn. Terpsiphone mutata).

Bicolored Antbird (daguae)
SCI Name: Gymnopithys bicolor daguae
daguae
Río Dagua, Valle, Colombia.

Bicolored Antbird (aequatorialis)
SCI Name: Gymnopithys bicolor aequatorialis
aequatoriale / aequatorialis
Late L. aequatorialis  equatorial  < aequator  equator  < L. aequare  to make equal  < aequus  equal. Frequently given to species with a distribution in the equatorial latitudes of Africa (e.g. subsp. Jynx ruficollis, Sheppardia), but more commonly applied to birds from Ecuador (Spanish ecuador  equator) (e.g. Momotus, Thamnistes, Xiphorhynchus).
● Erroneous TL. Guayaquil (= Panama City) (subsp. Dendroica petechia).
Erroneous TL. Guayaquil (= interior of Ecuador) (subsp. Falco sparverius).
● Erroneous TL. Ecuador (= Bahia, Brazil) (syn. Heliothryx aurita auriculata).
● Erroneous TL. Bogotá (= San Lucas, Ecuador) (subsp. Rallus limicola).

Bicolored Antbird (ruficeps)
SCI Name: Gymnopithys bicolor ruficeps
ruficeps
L. rufus  red, ruddy; -ceps  -headed  < caput, capitis  head.
● ex “Tordo del corona de canela” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 72 (syn. Chrysomus ruficapillus).