Black-and-white Triller / Lalage melanoleuca

Black-and-white Triller / Lalage melanoleuca

Black-and-white Triller

SCI Name:  Lalage melanoleuca
Protonym:  Pseudolalage melanoleuca J.Asiat.Soc.Bengal 30 p.97
Category:  Passeriformes / Campephagidae /
Taxonomy Code:  bawtri1
Type Locality:  Luzon.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1861
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

LALAGE
(Campephagidae; Ϯ Pied Triller L. nigra) Gr. λαλαξ lalax, λαλαγος lalagos or λαλαγες lalages  unidentified bird mentioned by Hesychius  < λαλαζω lalazō  to chirp or chirrup (cf. this name is also identified with a green tree frog); "IX. Fam.  Myiotheridae.   ...   Lalage: Turdus orientalis Gm. enl. 273 fig. 2. u. s. w." (Boie 1826); "Lalage Boie, 1826, Isis, col. 973. Type, by monotypy, Turdus orientalis Gmelin = Turdus niger Forster." (Mayr in Peters 1960, IX, 196).   
Synon. Acanthinotus, Coquus, Diaphoropterus, Erucivora, Karua, Oscarornis, Oxynotus, Perissolalage, Pseudolalage, Symmorphus.

melanoleuca / melanoleucos / melanoleucus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white.
● ex "Buff-crested Woodpecker" of Latham 1782 (Campephilus).
● ex “Águila obscura y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 8 (Geranoaetus).
● “As Columba picata Latham 1801, was regularly used as valid in the 20th century, this precludes invoking the principle of reverse of precedence (ICZN 1999: 23.9.1.1, 23.9.1.2)” (McAllan 2007) (syn. Leucosarcia picata).
● ex “Esparvero negriblanco” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 28 (syn. Micrastur semitorquatus).
● ex “Plus petit Barbu à poitrine noir de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 688, fig. 2, “Plus petit Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Lesser Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (syn. Notharchus tectus).
● ex “Coucou huppé de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 872, “Jacobin huppé de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Coromandel Crested Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Oxylophus jacobinus).
● ex “Chipiu negro y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 144 (Poospiza).
● ex “Stone Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Tringa).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (Sylvia artefact).

Melanoleuca
(syn. Pica Ϯ Common Magpie P. pica) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white; "Melanoleuca pica, Magpie." (Morris 1837) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz).

SUBSPECIES

Black-and-white Triller (Northern)
SCI Name: Lalage melanoleuca melanoleuca
melanoleuca / melanoleucos / melanoleucus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; λευκος leukos  white.
● ex "Buff-crested Woodpecker" of Latham 1782 (Campephilus).
● ex “Águila obscura y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 8 (Geranoaetus).
● “As Columba picata Latham 1801, was regularly used as valid in the 20th century, this precludes invoking the principle of reverse of precedence (ICZN 1999: 23.9.1.1, 23.9.1.2)” (McAllan 2007) (syn. Leucosarcia picata).
● ex “Esparvero negriblanco” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 28 (syn. Micrastur semitorquatus).
● ex “Plus petit Barbu à poitrine noir de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 688, fig. 2, “Plus petit Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Lesser Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (syn. Notharchus tectus).
● ex “Coucou huppé de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 872, “Jacobin huppé de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Coromandel Crested Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Oxylophus jacobinus).
● ex “Chipiu negro y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 144 (Poospiza).
● ex “Stone Snipe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Tringa).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (Sylvia artefact).

Black-and-white Triller (Southern)
SCI Name: Lalage melanoleuca minor
minor
L. minor  smaller  < comp. parvus  small. “Comparative names ... Specific names expressive of comparative size are also to be avoided, as they may be rendered inaccurate by the after-discovery of additional species. The names ... maximus, minor, minimus, etc. are examples of this objectionable practice” (Strickland Code 1842).
● ex “Short-eared Owl” of Pennant 1761 (syn. Asio flammeus).
● ex “Little Thrush” of Catesby 1731-1743, Edwards 1758-1764, Latham 1783, and Pennant 1785, “Turdus iliacus carolinensis” of Brisson 1760, and “Grivette de l’Amérique” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Catharus fuscescens).
● ex “Whip-poor-will” of Catesby 1731 (Chordeiles).
● ex “Coucou des palétuviers de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 813, “Petit Vieillard” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Mangrove Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (Coccyzus).
● "54. PICUS.  ...  minor.  12. P. albo nigroque varius vertice rubro, ano albido.  Picus albo nigroque varius, rectricibus tribus lateralibus seminigris. Fn. svec. 83. Hasselqv. iter. 242.  Picus varius tertius. Raj. av. 43.  Picus varius minor. Alb. av. I. p. 20. t. 20.  Habitat in Europa.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Dryobates).
● ex “Fregata minor” of Brisson 1760, “Petite Frégate” of de Buffon 1770-1783, “Man of War Bird” of Edwards 1760, and “Lesser Frigate Pelican” of Latham 1785 (Fregata).
● ex “Petit Indicateur” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 242 (Indicator).
● ex “Pie-grièsche d’Italie” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 32, fig. 1 (Lanius).
● ex “Perruche à ailes noires” of de Buffon 1770-1783, “Petite perruche de l’isle de Luçon, 4ème ésp.” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Luzonian Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Loriculus philippensis).
● ex “Apiaster Philippensis minor” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Merops viridis americanus).
● ex “Little Woodcock” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Microptera).
● ex “Troupiale de la Caroline” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 606, fig. 1, “Petit Troupiale noir” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Lesser black Oriole” of Latham 1782 (syn. Molothrus ater).
● ex “Lesser Bird of Paradise” of Latham 1783 (Paradisaea).
● ex “Barbican à ventre rose” of Levaillant 1806 (Pogonornis).
● ex “Porphyrio minor” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Porphyrula martinica).
● ex “Colymbus fluviatilis” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Tachybaptus ruficollis).
● ex “Huppe d’Afrique” of Audebert & Vieillot 1800-1802 (syn. Upupa africana).
● ex “Ringvia” of Brünnich 1764, and “Lesser Guillemot” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Uria aalge).