Polynesian Triller / Lalage maculosa

Polynesian Triller / Lalage maculosa

Polynesian Triller

SCI Name:  Lalage maculosa
Protonym:  Colluricincla maculosa U.S.Expl.Exped. 8 p.81
Category:  Passeriformes / Campephagidae /
Taxonomy Code:  poltri1
Type Locality:  Samoa and Fiji; restricted to Upolu, Samoa, by Wetmore, 1925, Ibis, p. 847.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1848
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

LALAGE
(Campephagidae; Ϯ Pied Triller L. nigra) Gr. λαλαξ lalax, λαλαγος lalagos or λαλαγες lalages  unidentified bird mentioned by Hesychius  < λαλαζω lalazō  to chirp or chirrup (cf. this name is also identified with a green tree frog); "IX. Fam.  Myiotheridae.   ...   Lalage: Turdus orientalis Gm. enl. 273 fig. 2. u. s. w." (Boie 1826); "Lalage Boie, 1826, Isis, col. 973. Type, by monotypy, Turdus orientalis Gmelin = Turdus niger Forster." (Mayr in Peters 1960, IX, 196).   
Synon. Acanthinotus, Coquus, Diaphoropterus, Erucivora, Karua, Oscarornis, Oxynotus, Perissolalage, Pseudolalage, Symmorphus.

maculosa / maculosus
L. maculosus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.
● ex “Patch-necked Humming-bird” of Latham 1787 (syn. Chrysolampis mosquitus).
● ex “Pic de l’Encénade” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 748, fig. 1 (syn. Dendrocopos mixtus).
● ex “Yellow-rumped Fly-catcher” of Edwards 1758, “Ficedula pensilvanica naevia” of Brisson 1760, “Figuier à tête cendrée” of de Buffon 7170-1783, and “Yellow-rumped Warbler” of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (syn. Dendroica magnolia).
● ex “Hirondelle tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 1 (unident: ?Iridoprocne albiventer).
● ex “Ynambúi” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 327 (Nothura).
● ex “Paloma cobijas manchadas” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 318 (Patagioenas).
● ex “Fauvette tachetée du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 752, fig. 2 (Prinia).

SUBSPECIES

Polynesian Triller (modesta)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa modesta
modesta / modestum / modestus
L. modestus  plain, modest, unassuming  < modus  measure, standard.

Polynesian Triller (ultima)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa ultima
ultima / ultimum / ultimus
L. ultimus  finally, farthest, end, extreme, greatest  < super. ultra  farther, beyond.
● TL. Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (subsp. Geospizopsis unicolor).
● “Bryan [1917] named the species ultima because he was sure it was the last endemic Hawaiian bird that would be discovered” (Munro 1960) (Telespiza).

Polynesian Triller (melanopygia)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa melanopygia
melanopygia / melanopygius
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; -πυγιος -pugios  -rumped  < πυγη pugē  rump.

Polynesian Triller (vanikorensis)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa vanikorensis
vanikorensis
Vanikoro I., Santa Cruz Is.

Polynesian Triller (soror)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa soror
soror / sorora
L. soror, sororis  sister (i.e. closely related).
● "Ähnlich der X. f. flavigula Cab." (Neumann 1914) (subsp. Atimastillas flavigula).
● "Männchen dem vorgenannten Arten sehr ähnlich, im allgemeinen aber etwas kleiner, Schnabel wie bei B. puella, etwas schmaler als bei B. senegalensis und orientalis" (Reichenow 1903) (Batis).
● "Bisher habe ich unter dem Namen C. rufopileata Vögel von West- und Ostafrika zusammengefaßt.  ...  Als Typ für die Form soror ist ein Vogel vom Kilimandscharo.  C. rufopileata scheint nur vom Niger bis zum Gabun verbreitet zu sein.  Vögel von Loango gleichen der östlichen Form soror." (Reichenow 1916) (syn. Cisticola bulliens).
● "Der E. brunneiceps [= subsp. Erythropygia leucophrys] sehr ähnlich, aber kleiner" (Reichenow 1905) (syn. Erythropygia leucophrys zambesiana).
● "Von P. macrocerca (Lcht.) [= subsp. Euplectes macrourus] durch bedeutend geringere Grösse und etwas heller gelben Schulterfleck unterschieden" (Reichenow 1887) (syn. Euplectes macrourus).
● "This specimen may possibly prove to be an immature H. nipalensis, from which it differs in being slightly smaller and more slender in the tarsi" (Wardlaw Ramsay 1881) (Hydrornis).
● "Similar to pumila [= subsp. Lalage maculosa]" (Mayr & Ripley 1941) (subsp. Lalage maculosa).
● “typical Pachycephala, closely allied to P. melanura, but with the tail brown, bordered with olive-green” (P. Sclater 1874) (Pachycephala).
● "This subspecies is surprisingly similar to feminina [= subsp. Petroica pusilla], although the ranges of the two forms are widely separated by ambrynensis [= subsp. Petroica pusilla]" (Mayr 1934) (subsp. Petroica pusilla).
● "The name soror means sister, alluding to its close similarity with the other taxa in this [Seicercus (= Phylloscopus) burkii] complex" (Alström & Olsson 1999) (Phylloscopus).
● "Closely allied to M. castaneiceps, from which it differs in its much larger size" (Sharpe 1887) (subsp. Schoeniparus castaneceps).
● "The name of the subspecies is based on the close relationship of this indigobird with the other forms of the indigobird species" (Payne 1982) (syn. Vidua camerunensis).
● "Intermediär zwischen X. g. genibarbis Ill., aus Amazonien, und X. g. pelzelni [= syn. X. minutus] Hellm., aus S.-O.-Brasilien" (Hellmayr 1921) (syn. Xenops genibarbis).

Polynesian Triller (pumila)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa pumila
pumila
L. pumilus  dwarf.
● ex “Ardea pumila” of Lepekhin 1770, and “Dwarf Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ardeola ralloides).
● ex “Caburé” of de Azara 1802-1805 (syn. Phalaenopsis minutissima).

Polynesian Triller (mixta)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa mixta
mixta / mixtum / mixtus
L. mixtus  mixed, mingled  < miscere  to mix.
● "they may with certainty be separated from both P[achyprora]. molitor and P[achyprora]. capensis, of both of which species they unite certain characteristics" (Shelley 1889) (Batis).
● ex “Pic de l’Encénade” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 748, fig. 1, “Épeiche varié de la Encénada” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Encenada Woodpecker” of Latham 1783 (Veniliornis).

Polynesian Triller (woodi)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa woodi
woodi
• Dr Casey Albert Wood (1856-1942) Canadian ophthalmologist, bibliophile, ornithologist (syn. Amazona finschi, syn. Grus canadensis, subsp. Hapalocrex flaviventer, subsp. Lalage maculosa).
• Capt. Leonard Wood, Jr. (1892-1931) US Army, son of Gov.-Gen. of Philippines (subsp. Cinnyris jugularis).
• Norman Asa Wood (1857-1943) US zoologist at Michigan University Mus. of Zoology 1895-1932 (syn. Dinopium benghalense tehminae).
• Col. Henry Wood (1872-1940) British Army surveyor in India (Garrulax, subsp. Trochalopteron chrysopterum).
• Maj.-Gen. Leonard Wood (1860-1927) US Army surgeon, Military Gov. of Cuba 1899-1902, Gov.-Gen. of Philippines 1906-1908 (Leonardina).
• William Watkins Wood (fl. 1875) US journalist in China, naturalist, plantation manager, pioneer photographer in the Philippines (subsp. Mixornis gularis).

Polynesian Triller (rotumae)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa rotumae
rotumae
Rotuma I., Fiji Is.

Polynesian Triller (nesophila)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa nesophila
nesophila / nesophilus
Gr. νησος nēsos  island; φιλος philos  loving  < φιλεω phileō  to love  < φιλος philos  lover.

Polynesian Triller (vauana)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa vauana
vauana
Va’vau I., Tonga Is.

Polynesian Triller (tabuensis)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa tabuensis
tabuanus / tabuensis
Tonga Tabu, Tahiti.
● ex “Tabuan Shrike” of Latham 1781 (Aplonis).
● ex “Tabuan Parrot” of Latham 1781: “This is a beautiful species, and is found at Tongo Tabboo, and the other Friendly Isles in the South Seas”, and Phillip 1789 (Prosopeia).
● ex “Tabuan Rail” of Latham 1785 (Zapornia).

Polynesian Triller (keppeli)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa keppeli
keppeli
Keppel I. (= Niuatoputapu), Tonga.

Polynesian Triller (futunae)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa futunae
futunae
Futuna I., Horne Is., Pacific Ocean.

Polynesian Triller (whitmeei)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa whitmeei
whitmeei
Revd. Samuel James Whitmee (1838-1925) British missionary to Samoa 1863-1877, 1891-1893 (subsp. Lalage maculosa, syn. Ptilinopus porphyraceus).

Polynesian Triller (maculosa)
SCI Name: Lalage maculosa maculosa
maculosa / maculosus
L. maculosus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.
● ex “Patch-necked Humming-bird” of Latham 1787 (syn. Chrysolampis mosquitus).
● ex “Pic de l’Encénade” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 748, fig. 1 (syn. Dendrocopos mixtus).
● ex “Yellow-rumped Fly-catcher” of Edwards 1758, “Ficedula pensilvanica naevia” of Brisson 1760, “Figuier à tête cendrée” of de Buffon 7170-1783, and “Yellow-rumped Warbler” of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (syn. Dendroica magnolia).
● ex “Hirondelle tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 1 (unident: ?Iridoprocne albiventer).
● ex “Ynambúi” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 327 (Nothura).
● ex “Paloma cobijas manchadas” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 318 (Patagioenas).
● ex “Fauvette tachetée du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 752, fig. 2 (Prinia).