Hoffmann’s Woodpecker / Melanerpes hoffmannii

Hoffmann\'s Woodpecker / Melanerpes hoffmannii

Hoffmann's Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Melanerpes hoffmannii
Protonym:  Centurus Hoffmannii J.Orn. 10 p.322
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  hofwoo1
Type Locality:  Costa Rica.
Publish Year:  1862
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

hoffmanni / hoffmannii
Dr Carl Hoffmann (1823-1859) German explorer, naturalist, collector in Costa Rica 1854-1859 (subsp. Amazilia saucerottei, subsp. Formicarius analis, Melanerpes, Pyrrhura, subsp. Sporophila ophthalmica, subsp. Trogon massena).