Bronze-winged Courser / Rhinoptilus chalcopterus

Bronze-winged Courser / Rhinoptilus chalcopterus

Bronze-winged Courser

SCI Name:  Rhinoptilus chalcopterus
Protonym:  Cursorius chalcopterus Pl.Col. livr.50 pl.298
Taxonomy:  Charadriiformes / Glareolidae /
Taxonomy Code:  brwcou1
Type Locality:  Senegal.
Publish Year:  1824
IUCN Status:  


(Glareolidae; Ϯ Bronze-winged Courser R. chalcopterus) Gr. ῥις rhis, ῥινος rhinos  nostrils; πτιλον ptilon  feather; “Rhinoptilus chalcopterus (Temm.). (Cursorius chalcopterus, Temm.)  This, with the nearly allied M. bitorquatus, Blyth, of India, form a very distinct group, connecting Cursorius with Charadrius.  Mr. Blyth first formed it into a genus, under the name of Macrotarsus (Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. vol. xvii. part I. p. 254); but as the name has been previously used by Lacépède for genera of mammals [1795] and of birds [1800], and by Schönherr [1842] for a coleopterous insect, I propose the name Rhinoptilus, indicating the advanced position of the frontal feathers, which, with other characters, distinguish it from Charadrius.” (Strickland 1852); "Rhinoptilus Strickland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1850 (1852), p. 220. Type, by subsequent designation, Cursorius chalcopterus Temminck (Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 24, 1896, p. 43.1   ...   1 The designation of Cursorius bicinctus Temminck as the type by G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. and Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 110, is invalid, since that species was not originally included in the genus." (Peters 1934, II, 301).
Synon. Chalcopterus, Hemerodromus, Macrotarsius.

Gr. χαλκοπτερος khalkopteros  with wings of metallic hue, bronze-winged  < χαλκος khalkos  bronze, copper; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.

(Glareolidae; syn. Rhinoptilus Bronze-winged Courser R. chalcopterus) Specific name Cursorius chalcopterus Temminck, 1824; "Genera et Species typicae.   ...   3. Chalcopterus RCHB.  Temminckii (Curs. chalcopterus T.) R.  Ic. Av. t. 365b. ic. 3543.  t. 375. ic. 3131—32." (Reichenbach 1853); "Chalcopterus Reichenbach, 1853, Avium Systema Naturale, p. XXX.  Type, by original designation and tautonymy, Cursorius chalcopterus Temminck, 1824." (JAJ 2020).