Jerdon’s Courser / Rhinoptilus bitorquatus

Jerdon\'s Courser / Rhinoptilus bitorquatus

Jerdon's Courser

SCI Name:  Rhinoptilus bitorquatus
Protonym:  Macrotarsius bitorquatus J.Asiat.Soc.Bengal 17 p.254
Taxonomy:  Charadriiformes / Glareolidae /
Taxonomy Code:  jercou1
Type Locality:  Eastern Ghats.
Publish Year:  1848
IUCN Status:  


(Glareolidae; Ϯ Bronze-winged Courser R. chalcopterus) Gr. ῥις rhis, ῥινος rhinos  nostrils; πτιλον ptilon  feather; “Rhinoptilus chalcopterus (Temm.). (Cursorius chalcopterus, Temm.)  This, with the nearly allied M. bitorquatus, Blyth, of India, form a very distinct group, connecting Cursorius with Charadrius.  Mr. Blyth first formed it into a genus, under the name of Macrotarsus (Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. vol. xvii. part I. p. 254); but as the name has been previously used by Lacépède for genera of mammals [1795] and of birds [1800], and by Schönherr [1842] for a coleopterous insect, I propose the name Rhinoptilus, indicating the advanced position of the frontal feathers, which, with other characters, distinguish it from Charadrius.” (Strickland 1852); "Rhinoptilus Strickland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1850 (1852), p. 220. Type, by subsequent designation, Cursorius chalcopterus Temminck (Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 24, 1896, p. 43.1   ...   1 The designation of Cursorius bicinctus Temminck as the type by G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. and Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 110, is invalid, since that species was not originally included in the genus." (Peters 1934, II, 301).
Synon. Chalcopterus, Hemerodromus, Macrotarsius.

bitorquata / bitorquatus
Mod. L. bitorquatus  double-banded, double-collared  < L. bi-  two-, double-  < bis  twice; torquatus  banded, collared  < torquis or torques  collar, neck-chain  < torquere  to twist.