Protonym: Buteo melanosternon Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1840) (1840), Pt8 no.94 p.162
Taxonomy: Accipitriformes / Accipitridae / Hamirostra
Taxonomy Code: bkbkit1
Type Locality: interior of New South Wales.
Publish Year: 1841
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Accipitridae; Ϯ Black-breasted Buzzard H. melanosternon) L. hamus hook; rostrum beak; despite its buzzard-like proportions, this Australian raptor is considered to be an aberrant and primitive kite; ""GENUS HAMIROSTRA. — Brown. Bill lengthened, and moderately deep at the base. Culmen gradually bending from the base to the point, which terminates in an acute incurved tip; lateral margins nearly parallel and even, with an almost obsolete festoon towards the point; under mandible narrow, with the gonys slightly bent. Cere very long, covering fully half of the length of the bill, and partially covered with bristled plumes ... I have founded this genus on a single species, and it is a medium-sized Eagle. It is a native of New Holland ... I have designated it Hamirostra montana. It is called the Broad-Tailed Mountain Eagle by the settlers." This name appears to refer to the Black-breasted Buzzard, Buteo melanosternon Gould, 1840, for which Kaup introduced the genus Gypoictinia in 1847, a year later than Brown's genus name." (Mathews & Iredale 1921); "Hamirostra Brown, Ill. Gen. Bds., pt. 8, 1846, p. 12. Type, by monotypy, Hamirostra montana Brown = Buteo melanosternon Gould." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 204).
melanosterna / melanosternon / melanosternus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos black; στερνον sternon breast (cf. μελανστερνος melansternos black-breasted).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)